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The Federal Court System

Chapter 18

Eric Austin

on 25 May 2015

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Transcript of The Federal Court System

National Judiciary
State Court System
The Federal Court System
The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
District Courts
Courts of Appeals
Supreme Court
Military Commissions
Court of Appeals
for Veterans Claims
United States Tax Court
Court of Federal Claims
District of Columbia Courts
Territorial Courts
Court of Appeals for the Federal District
Court of International Trade
Court of Appeals
for the Armed Forces
Kinds of Federal Courts
Inferior Courts
lower federal courts
Constitutional Courts
Special Courts
Courts of Appeals
District Courts
U.S. Court of International Trade
U.S. Court of Federal Claims
Territorial Courts
Courts of the District of Columbia
U.S. Tax Court
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
Federal Court Jurisdiction
: authority of a court to hear a case
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Appointment of Judges
665 Judges
300,000 cases per year
80% of the federal caseload
94 District Courts
Original Jurisdiction
Criminal Cases
Civil Cases
13 Courts of Appeals
179 Circuit Judges
Appellate Jurisdiction
55,000 cases per year
Civil cases arising out of trade-related laws
hears appeals from several different courts
Court of International Trade
U.S. Court of Federal Claims
U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
certain District Court cases
International Trade Commission
Patent and Trademark Office
Department of Commerce
Merit Systems Protections Board
Original AND Appellate Jurisdiction
Majority Opinion
Dissenting Opinion
Concurring Opinion
Hear claims for damages against the United States
judicial system for the nation's capital
review the more serious court martial convictions
Hears cases in which individuals claim that the VA has denied or otherwise mishandled valid claims for veterans' benefits
hears civil but not criminal cases involving disputes over the application of tax laws
power to hear a case to the exclusion of all other courts
two or more courts have jurisdiction over a specific case
power of a court to hear a case for the first time
power of a court to hear a case on appeal
courts for the nation's territories
set up to try enemy combatants
Full transcript