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Brain Anatomy and Physiology

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Laeral Knutson

on 3 March 2014

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Transcript of Brain Anatomy and Physiology

Brain Anatomy and Physiology
By: Laeral Knutson and Carrie Morse Per. 6
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Corpus Callosum
Sensory and Motor Area
(Sensory cortex and Motor Cortex)
Medulla Oblongata
Pons & Midbrain
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Sulci and Gyri
Diencephalon
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland
Hippocampus
Meninges and Skull
Limbic System
Basal Ganglia
Ventricle
Reticular Formation

Planning, reasoning, problem solving, movement, emotions, and parts of speech
Function:
Bibliography:
Functions:
Visual processing
Function: cognition, sensory information processing, pain and touch sensation,
spatial orientation, speech,
visual perception
Function-
Motor- Controls movement
Sensory- Processes the senses
Sight, sound, smell, taste, touch
Function:
-concerned with perception and recognition of auditory stimuli, memory, speech, emotional responses
Function:
-communication between brain hemispheres

Function- Mainly memorization
Function-
Hormone production and release
These control body temperature, thirst, hunger, sleep, circadian rhythm, moods, sex drive, and the release of other hormones
Pons Function:
-controls sensory analysis, motor skills, sleep, and conciousness
-transmits signals between cortex and and spinal cord
Midbrain Function:
-controls eye movement,
facial sensation, balance,
and hearing
Function:
-controls coordination, temperature, sight, sound, reasoning, learning, and emotions
-Biggest part of the brain, composed of 2 halves: Left Hemisphere (Language) and Right Hemisphere (interpreting visual cues and spatial processing)
Function:
-Receives and relays and sensory signals
Function:
-Releases melatonin- which controls sleep, female reproductive hormone release, and timing of menstrual cycle
http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/medulla-oblongata
Carrie's Embedded Thingie and location for this slide
Function:
transfer messages to the spinal cord and the thalamus in the brain from the body
controls breathing, heart function, blood vessel function, digestion, sneezing, and swallowing
Function:
relays sensory information between brain regions
controls many autonomic functions of peripheral nervous system
connects structures of endocrine system with nervous system
works with limbic system to generate and manage emotions ans memories
Function:
controls motor movement coordination, balance, equilibrium, muscle tone
Function:
Somatic Motor Control
Cardiovascular control
Pain regulation
Sleep and Consciousness (regulating sleep-wake cycle)
Filtering incoming stimuli to sort out irrelevant background stimuli
Function:
Link between nervous system and endocrine systems
Releases hormones affecting growth, sexual development, metabolism and the system of reproduction
Functions:
Regulates emotion and memory
Directly connects the lower and higher brain functions
Influences emotions, the visceral responses to those emotions, motivation, mood, sensations (pain/pleasure)
Parts:
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Cingulate gyrus
Amygdala
Hippocampus
Basal Ganglia
Location/ Embedded Video for Laeral
Sulci
-depressions and fissures in the surface of the brain
Gyri
-a ridge on the cerebral cortex
Meninges- 3 membranes that surround and protect the brain
Function:
-Protect the brain from mechanical injury, provides blood supply to the skull and the hemispheres, and provides a space for the flow of cerebrospinal fluid
Skull Function:
-Protects the brain and houses sensory parts like the eyes and ears
Laeral Cerebrum Video:
www.youtube.com/watch?v=n6ZerYJUprE
Function:
-control of voluntary motor activitites
-Enlargement of the central canal of the spinal cord

Function:
-contains cerebrospinal fluid
Function:
-Increase surface area
Full transcript