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Materials BIC Lighter
Transcript of Materials BIC Lighter
Made of Delrin (polyacetal homopolymer), a high tech crystaline resin.
Both items are injection moulded and joined using ultra sonic welding.
Body and Base
How it works-
The spark wheel is a two part mechanism made from a stack of serrated cutting segments clamped together between a pair of discs or finger pieces.
Made of die cast zinc zemac alloy.
Made of extruded hardened steel, cut to a serrated edge and coiled around a central axis between the finger pieces.
Made of low alloy spring steel
The steel is extruded into a wire and coiled using a spring coiling machine, the springs are then cut to size after being coiled.
The gas used in a BIC lighter is pure Isobutane.
Springs (jet and fork)
Ferrocerium or Ferro rod.
The ferrocerium is an alloy of 6 metals melted and extruded into a rod and cut to size.
Extrude steel wire the diameter of the ball, cut it into segments and roll between rill plates to create spheres.
Made of electrolytically processed aluminum with a micro porous membrane
Extruded aluminum tube with a micro porous membrane attached with a small aluminum washer disc.
Made of brass (zinc zemac alloy) with synthetic rubber stopper.
Die cast brass valve with injection moulded rubber stopper.
Cost of product materials
5 million lighters produced daily
Across 4 factories worldwide running the same production process
57 lighters produced per second
Made of polyacetal plastic.
Total Product Manufacturing Cost and Time
Component Manufacture and Cost
Assembly Time and Cost
Callum, Eddie, Adam, Tom, Lewis, Kyle, Ed
Materials in Practice
BIC was founded in 1945 by Baron Marcel Bich.
It has become known for making disposable consumer products.
The design of the lighter has changed little for 41 years.
Overview of BIC
Annual BIC sales revenue $2.073 Billion
Total number of BIC employees 9,695
Number of BIC lighters sold yearly 1.825 Billion
Number of countries selling BIC products 160
Average number of lights you can get from a
BIC lighter 3,000
BIC manufactures and sells 5 million lighters
every day worldwide
BIC is the world leader in pocket
BIC produces lighters in four factories
located in France, Spain, the United States and Brazil.
BIC lighter manufacturing is fully
integrated, from production on
moulding machines developed by BIC to
packaging of the final product.
BIC plants carry out the following operations:
- manufacturing of primary parts
- automatic gas filling
- assembling, controlling, and packaging
BIC factories run 24 hours a day 7 days a week worldwide.
25% of an operators time is spent on safety checks.
More than 50 automatic
checks gurantee quality.
This is due to the strict
regulations of ISO 9994
BIC plants utilise state-of-the-art lighter manufacturing technology, automatic machines
development, zamak injection and cold moulding technologies with micrometric precision.
It also has an equipment workshop that manufactures:
- plastic moulds
- zamak moulds
- cold stamping tools
- casting tools
- some manufacturing and
Hood and Guard
Made of nickel plated hardened steel.
A die cutter (cold hammered) both cuts the initial shape of the items out of plate steel and simultaneously stamps the steel into the curved shapes. They are then dipped into nickel baths for plating.