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Dover Beach

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by

Trey Jones

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of Dover Beach

Dover Beach
By: Matthew Arnold The sea is calm tonight,
The tide is full, the moon lies fair
Upon the straits; on the French coast the light
Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand,
Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay.
Come to the window, sweet is the night air!

Only, from the long line of spray
Where the sea meets the moon-blanched land,
Listen! you hear the grating roar
Of pebbles which the waves draw back, and fling,
At their return, up the high strand,
Begin, and cease, and then again begin,
With tremulous cadence slow, and bring
The eternal note of sadness in.

Sophocles long ago
Heard it on the Agean, and it brought
Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow
Of human misery; we
Find also in the sound a thought,
Hearing it by this distant northern sea. The Poem: Sound Values Within the Poem Stanza or Line Forms Meter Sound Values (Continued) Figurative Language Explained Figurative Language (Continued) Imagery "Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light." (33) Most Important Line & Word Tone & Theme Art
The Sea of Faith
Was once, too, at the full, and round earth's shore
Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled.
But now I only hear
Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar,
Retreating, to the breath
Of the night wind, down the vast edges drear
And naked shingles of the world.

Ah, love, let us be true
To one another! for the world, which seems
To lie before us like a land of dreams,
So various, so beautiful, so new,
Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light,
Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain;
And we are here as on a darkling plain
Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight,
Where ignorant armies clash by night. Presented By: Trey Jones, Ryan Peschong, Lance Loeser, Maggie Gullion, Sheena Darayan, and Taylor Caldwell Rhyme The poem does not have a specific rhyme scheme, however Arnold sometimes uses words that rhyme at the end of lines. Examples: Lines 2 and 6 end with "fair" and "air";
Lines 10 and 13 end with "fling" and "bring"; Onomatopoeia One Onomatopoeia is used in Matthew Arnold's poem to produce sound for the "Sea of Faith" "Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar" The poem has rhythm, but it is not . Repitition In lines 33 and 34, Arnold uses "nor" quite a bit. L33- "Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light"
L34- "Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain;" TOO MANY TO PICK FROM! These are some of the most important to the poem: 1. "It brought into his mind the turbid ebb and flow of human misery" (16-18) Matthew Arnold uses symbolism to compare the rise and fall of the ocean waves to the rise and fall of human suffering, suggesting that they are both endless processes that weather away more of the world, everyday. 2. "The world which seems to lie before us like a land of dreams" (30-31) The simile is used to show that the world is not as wonderful as it may seem and that true happiness cannot be obtained through worldly possessions 3. "Breath of the night wind" (26-27) Arnold uses personification to transform the night wind into a human being and suggests that the forces of nature are life forms of their own. 4. "The moon lies fair upon the straights" (2-3) This metaphor is used to describe how the moonlight reflecting off the waters of the English channel creates a most majestic sight Word = MISERY The tone of this Dover Beach is very melancholy & pensive. Their are multiple themes in the poem: Human misery is like the sea’s tide it comes and goes Without god and religion people will be lost in darkness and misery Music Where to start....... 1. Sight "The sea is calm to-night. The tide is full, the moon lies fair
Upon the straits; on the French coast the light gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand; Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay."
"Moon-blanched land"
"The sea of faith...lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled"
"Darkling plain"
"Naked shingles of the world" 2. Smell/Feel "Sweet is the night-air!"
"Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight," Imagery (Continued) 3. Sound "Grating roar of pebbles which the waves draw back, and fling, at their return, up the high strand, begin, and cease, and then again begin, with tremulous cadence slow, and bring the eternal note of sadness in."
"But now I only hear its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar, retreating, to the breath of the night-wind," The imagery at first is very calming to the reader. The first stanza sets the reader up to imagine the moonlit cliffs between England and France, the gentle tide going in and out, the ocean spray hitting the rocks. However as the poem progresses into the last stanza the imagery changes to make the reader think of something more bare and desolate than a moonlit beach. Clair de Lune by Claud Debussy Details to Enhance the Poem Light Dover Beach The title of the poem Dover Beach is in its self an allusion to Dover Beach in Kent, England. The poem describes the time Mathew Arnold went to the shores of Dover. The light described throughout is faith or religion and how, in his time, it was being questioned and some were turning away from faith specifically Christianity. He describes how the seas light recedes and is gone just like how the certainty of religion withdrew itself from people’s minds. Sophocles and the Aegean Sea Uses this todescribe how the feeling about religion in the author is the same as it has always been throughout history. Allusions
There are 4 stanzas in the poem.
The first stanza contains 14 lines.
The second stanza has 6 lines.
The third stanza has 8 lines.
The fourth stanza has 9 lines. These stanzas rhyme but it's unorganized so it's a free verse poem. Poem (Continued): Line =
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