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PHOTOGRAPHY

Time line
by

Cassie Tuai

on 9 June 2013

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Transcript of PHOTOGRAPHY

Topic 1 What is a Camera? Records of photography are in 5th century BC Topic 4 The Civil War The first camera of war . Crimea. 1855 . In the photos of war there were no actual photographs of people in combat or any devestation scenes .They had a quicker shudder speed of 10-20 seconds. One of Roger Fenton's most famous pieces "The Valley of the Shadow of Death."1855 .The method of photography used during civil war photos required portable light proof rooms. Before the invention of photography war was depicted mainly in heroic "romantic" imagery that glorified battle and the soldiers that fought to victory. By Cassie Tuai TIME LINE Topic 2 Invention of Photography 1826- Joseph Nicphore niepce-"View from the window"was the first known picture- the shutter speed was approx 8 hours long
He experimented w/ light sensitive chemical coating on metal plates-Called Heliography "sun writing"-died 1829
Louis Daguarre-partnered with niepce and niepces son. Topic 3 It's a Small World 1850s most people never traveled more than a few dozen miles of their birthplace.The first time bringing/taking pictures and showing them to others.MAXINE DULAMP 1850 , FRANCIS FRITH 1857 ,GUSTAVE LEGREY -1867, SAMUEL BOURNE-1880'S,JOHN THOMPSON-1871-72. SO WHAT? This was the beginning of the real realization of others around you and the world. without pictures of the world then the world probally not be like how it is now. Topic 5 Opening of the West Photographers played important parts in documenting the countries landscapes and inhabitants, because until most times most records of landscapes were artists renderings and many people couldn't believe that these places existed. CARLETON WATKINS.1812-1916. Famous for "Yosemite Valley" photo. He used a plate camera that used 18x22inch glass negatives & a Stereoscopic camera. EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE.1830-1904. was famous for the first guide book, and motion photography.WILLIAM HENRY JACKSON.1843-1942. because of the photos he produced Congress established Yellowstone as a national park in 1872. So what? the beautiful Prints were influencial to legislature and were instrumental in establishing of our national parks. Topic 6 The discovery of Motion Topic 8 Social Justice Started with immigration on Ellis Island,New York
1880's journalist JACOB RIIS, whom was a Danish immigrant
Riis, launched a public campaign to expose and eradicate housing.
Riis wrote the book "How the other Half Lives"in 1889
he pioneered the use of flash powder making spontaneous unplanned photos possible. he worked on establishing connection between environment and behavior establishment of housing.
LEWIS HINE-1908, an investigator and photographer for the national child labor committee(NCLC) 1908-1916 traveled extensively photographed child labor & used the excuse of faking jobs under cover to photograph coal , cotton, text book plant. SO WHAT? Lewis Hine brought attention to the problem of child labor in America. Which then spurred the passing reinforcement of laws regulating conditions in which children were allowed to work. Topic 7 Photography Becomes an Art In the 1800's photography was seen as scientific, therefore there weren't any "rules" or specifics put into place to guide photography at the time. Artist then used the rules of art, subject matter and themes taught to them in traditional school to draw and paint. Photographers like Oscar Rejlander then used those methods of painters and drawers whom at the time used drawing and painting to illustrate parts of stories from books and plays into images. Alfred Stieglitz.1864-1946 whom was and is known as the "king of (blank)" was a large factor in the development of modern art in America and led a movement to establish photography as an separate art form.
SO WHAT? Before Stieglitz photography was seen primarily as a tool for science documentation and journalism. By Cassie Tuai Topic 9 The Montage An art work comprised of portions of various existing images, much like a collage. Images dating back to the 1850's used "montage" to take advantage of those unfamiliar of photography.They claimed to capture pictures of ghosts. Photography of the "ghosts" came to be known as "spirit photography." William Egunton created "Mary Burenett with Spirit of Her School Master" in 1886. Later in the 1900's photographer William H. Martin created and sold postcards. He brought a humorous side of montage photography into his post cards. He created "The Modern Farmer" 1910, "The Bass I Caught" 1910 and "Taking Geese to the Market" 1909. Other photographers like Dada artist John Heartfield used montage for anti-Hitler posters. topic 10 Personal visions Changes in technology made photography more accessible to the general public. Personal visions led to the establishment of photography as a subject of study in colleges. In the 1930's and 1960's people used camera in a variety of ways defined in genres consisting of ;landscape, urban "street", and editorial. SO WHAT? The new developments of genres made people appreciate photography further. New techniques, themes, and ways to use the camera as a artistic tool and not just a scientific tool. Topic 11 Vietnam In Vietnam military allowed photographers and journalist to almost complete (autonomy) to document the war with minimum censorship. Resulting in images seen daily and on the news, television, and print media. Some photographers like Larry Burrows, Malcome Browne, Eddie Adams, John Filos, and Marc Ribouds. Photographs taken during the Vietnam war really showed people and opened their eyes to the real devastation happening. They showed war with out all the romance and heroism and more of the brutality of war. After these photos were taken and released they began to shape peoples opinions on war, which then caused people began to start to undermine the military. Topic 12 Diane Arbus Diane Arbus was born in 1923 in New York City into a wealthy family and her father owned a fashionable fifth avenue store. Arbus married at age 18 to Allan Arbus who taught her about photography. Diane Arbus first worked with her husband taking pictures for advertising and fashion, their photos appeared in Harpers Bazaar magazine. Soon after in the late 1950's she began to branch of and focus on her own photography. She liked to wonder around New York City, like hotels, public parks,insane asylums, seedy hotels, and other local parts. She would go to those places and take photos of people she found. Her photos really started to emerge in the late 1960's-70's, she captured images with topics that weren't mainstream and were preceived as to look strange and unusual. SO WHAT? During the 60's & 70's it was really uncommon to be taking photos like this and they were seen as exotic and wild. Topic 13 experimentation Topic 14 Digital Photography & the Truth Topic 2 part II William henry Fox Talsot- developed a paper negative allowed to use/ make multiples of single images a process called "calotype" patented in 1841
L. Daguerre- publishes his findings in 1839 and called it the Daguerreotype and no credit was given to the others. The french government then gave him a lifetime pension, he became world famous as his ideas spread.
1840- "Fake photograph" Bayard faked self death topic 7 Topic 8 Social Justice Topic 2 The Invention of photography Topic 6 The Discovery MOTION IN 1872 ex Governor of California Leland Stanford hired Edweard Muybridge to prove that if when a horse is running that it has to have at least one foot on the ground. the photo that he original took to prove this was lost over time but an example is "The Horse in Motion."
SO WHAT? If not for the horse argument, movies and films probably would not be in existence now.
"The Lumiere Brothers first films"1895 were french. Topic 6 The Discovery of Motion originally they were used for scientific purposes, such as safely viewing a solar eclipse.
Camera Obscura- a dark enclosed space that projects the image of objects outside.
simplified , a Camera Obscura is a box with a hole in it. topic 3 its a small world francis frith "the sphinx and the great pyramid" 1857 "Horse in Motion" by Edweard Muybridge; 1886 "view from the window" ; by Joseph Nicphore niepce . 1826 Joseph nicphore Niepce francis frith camera obscura Roger Fenton "Valley of the Shadow of Death"; 1855 Roger Fenton "Valley of the Shadow of Death"; 1855 leland Stanford Lumiere Brothers,1895 Jacob Riis, "how the other half lives"1889 Jacob Riis Lewis Hine photo lewis Hine 1908girl in a factory Ellis island; 1892 daguerreotype Calotype Topic 5 the opening of the west Carleton Watkins "Yosemite Valley" Topic 9 The Montage "The Modern Farmer"By William H. Martin.1910 "The Bass I Caught" By William H. Martin.1910 Topic 7 Photography Becomes an Art Alfred Stieglitz wife 1907 Man Ray was a surreal artist that used experimental collaging techniques and pioneered fashion and glamour photos. Oscar Rejlander "Two Ways of Life" 1857 Topic 11 Vietnam "The Burning Monk" 1963 by Malcom Browne "The Saigon Execution" February 1, 1963. Taken by Eddie Adams This picture" " taken by Larry Burrow were was futured in LIFE magazine a very competitive magazine. Topic 10 Personal Visions Topic 12 Diane Arbus "Moonrise" by Hernandez 1941 Ansel Adams 1927 Yosemite "The Face of Half Dome" 1962 "Capital Reef" Postmodernism is a term that refers to time, beginning roughly the 1960's continuing to today. Postmodernism is a world wide view that embraces ambiguity, exploration, mixed media, appropriated imagery, multiple perspectives, and close examination of beliefs and values. It is also manifested in a wide variety of approaches to experiment w/photography as a personal and expressive art form. Popular artist and photographers during these times are ,Lorie Novak, Shimon Attie, Toni Pepe, Philip-Lorca Di Corcia, and David Hockney. Shimon Attie slide projected portions of pre-war photos of Jewish street in Berlin on to the same addresses today, comparing the before war photos with the physical state of after war. SO WHAT? People started to do experimentation with color and broadened the expressive possibilities of photography beyond the conventionals. Artist also created rather than took photographs and were then able to expand the language of photography. Topic 13 Experimentation "Cathedral Rock" by Carleton Watkins 1865 "Mount of the Holy Cross" by William Henry Jackson.1873 Eadweard Muybridge Faked photographs have been around as long as photography itself has been in existence(1840). Photographs for years have been seen as the truth holders in history, because if we see it it must be real. Photographs control the news which controls the "truth" and since we rely on physical images to see the "truth", those faked photos can change history. Faked photographs are constantly altering history, for instance circa 1930 Stalin usually air-brushed his enemies out of photographs with him, making it look like they were never there, so if someone was there to witness the actual event and said that the person that was taken out of the picture was there. The photos were the only proof altered or not and they were believed. Adolf Hitler also erased people out of pictures like he did with Joseph Goebbels. Faked photographers were commonly used to making people become erased from history of as propaganda posters. News programs and informational magazines like CBS, Newsweek, and Times have also altered their pictures so they will appear differently for their benefit. SO WHAT? Since photos are faked so commonly it questions the reliability and veracity of almost any published image. Now the viewers have to examine the photos more skeptically the source of the image when judging it even if they are featured as factual news photos. Topic 14 Digital Photography & the Truth Shimon Attie Toni Pepe In this photo Stalin had the man to the right of him erased from the picture. Circa 1930. David Hockney Lorie Novak Philip-Lorca Di Corcia Shimon Attie The picture of these egyptian pyramids was taken altered so that they looked close together like this. In reality these two pyramids could never be captured so close together in a photo like this. Since National Geographic point is to capture real pictures of around the world without altering them jurrastically, or at all to show people what they probably will never see in person. If a photographer makes an alteration as big as the photo above they can be fired since that never exsited. In this photo of a CBS news broadcast in Times Square, New York, on New Years eve the video screen behind this broadcaster had originally been a broadcast of New Years Eve for NBC. So CBS took out NBC's frame and added their own CBS emblem. Sources Sited Www.fourandsix.com
Www.shimonattie.net Google images
In 2003 Kate Winslet was featured
in GQ magazine but was altered to
make her body look skinnier which
was the opposite of what she want
-ed. Winslet at the time was an
supporter and defender of the
appearance of fuller figured
women. SO WHAT? The fact that she
was a supporter of fuller figured
women and they altered her picture
to be slimmer conflicted with what she supported
and angered her.
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