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Transcript of Iceland
The first historical story about Icelands discovery, can be found at a Irish monk's named, Dicuilu, book, mensura orbis terræ. If we look at chapter of the year 825 it says that some clergy individuals arrived at Iceland about 30 years ago. But they thought it was an island named, Thule, as their classical authors had fabricated. They never took possession over Iceland because they wasn't aware that it was Iceland they had discovered.
Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland) is a Nordic European island, located where the North Atlantic meets the Arctic Ocean on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The country has 321,857 inhabitants and an area of 103,000 km ², making it Europe's most sparsely populated country. The country's capital and largest city is Reykjavík, which together with the surrounding areas in the southwestern part of the country is home to two-thirds of the country's population.
Iceland has a very beautiful nature and the country is famous, because of its great nature.
Why is it famous?
Its famous because many films are recorded in Iceland like lord off the rings there only live 300000 humans in Iceland so there are a lot off nature to see. Now we gonna see a volcano the blue lagune.
The education system is
divided into four levels:
There have also been some irish people who had visited Iceland in 9. century. But they were not aware which country it was, so they left the country again.
Iceland was formed about 20 million years ago by an eruption of a volcanic mountain range.
With regard to education in Iceland,
that everyone should have equal opportunities
to get an education,
regardless of gender, economic
status, residential location, religion,
any disability and cultural
or social background.
In relation to the Education Act of 1974
everyone has the right to free compulsory
education, secondary education
and higher education.
Education in Iceland has traditionally
a public service and
very few private institutions in the
school system. Almost all private
schools receive public
Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic,
at the boundary between
the temperate and arctic
zone, the northernmost point
affecting the Arctic Circle. The country's
nearest neighbor to the west is
Greenland, at a distance of 278
km. Faroe Islands are located 420 km
to the southeast.
As Iceland’s first known discovers the credit went to the Norwegian viking Naddoðr and a Swedish man: Garðarr Svavarsson. When they discovered Iceland it was spread apart, but nobody absolutely knows which part of Iceland they discovered first.
In the middle of the 9th century the Norwegians also discovered Iceland. They were unaware about the fact that Iceland had already been discovered twice, so they took possession of the contry.
Iceland is very famous because off there volcanoes its that country in the world with most volcanoes ass we saw is it also the only country were you can go into a volcano.
Iceland doesn't have so many traditions.
But they have a folk dance which is a tradition to dance at festive events.
The last eruption was January 2010 is was the volcano Eyjafjallajökulls there came so much ash that all planes must be on the earth in a week.
Iceland's national bird is a Lunde.
It is 26 to 29 cm, and it is a very colorful bird. It is also called "The sea parrot" (in danish: søpapegøjen)
Food: little fish, crustaceans, worms.
On the Faroe Islands they get shoot and the people eat them.
Lunden lives at the coasts in Norway, Sweden and The british islands. In Iceland and the Faroe islands it is the national bird.
Iceland's national flower is dryas octopetala (Rybelyng in danish).
The flower was in 2004 chosen to be Iceland's national flower after a survey from the people.
The flowers is quite large and has white petals, usually 8. The leaves are shiny on the upper surface but it has white hairs on the bottom.
It grows all over the island, both in the lowlands and highlands, and it grows in many places at the top of the dunes and dry bogs.
-The 1800 century.
They didn't have a national sport in Iceland but rowing is absolutely a very popular sport.
why is the nature so bietiful
its because the vulcanoes are making the nature because the magma is werry frugtbar and that gives all the biutefull grass marks
famous persons ind Iceland
Bjork was a very famous person in Iceland she was born in 21 november 1965 she was grown up in Reykjavík. she wrote many songs like human behavior, to come out, and many more now we are gonna listen to the song named human behavior
The Icelandic language have some other letters than the danish alphabet.
Steindór Andersen (born 1954) is an Icelandic musician.
Steindór is noted for his Rímur chanting, and is most widely known for his collaborations with the band Sigur Rós. Other collaborations include with Hilmar Örn Hilmarsson and rapper Erpur Eyvindarson.
He also works as a fisherman, captaining his ship the Iðunn.
Stendior is singing alot about the nature and old folke historier.
Although the international cuisine is by now well represented in Iceland, one should not underestimate the Icelandic cuisine. The country offers a variety of delicious specialties where the main ingredients are fish, sheep, lamb and horse meat.
Geysir området (Gulfoss og Geysir)
Gullfoss vandfaldet (Gulfoss og Geysir)
Strokkur gejseren (Gulfoss og Geysir)
Den blå lagune (Island) (Island)
Hallgrims-kirken i Reykjavik er Islands største og
dominerer da også bybilledet fra sin plads på toppen af en
Myvatn søen (Island)
Perlan bygningerne (Island)
Vulkanen Hekla (Island)
Fiskeribyen Ólafsfjördur (Nordisland)
Floddalen Ásbyrgi (Nordisland)
Islands Centrale Højland (Centralisland)
Island is two and a half times the size of Denmark, but only just over 1% of the land can be cultivated. Most of the landscape consists of vast lava fields and many glaciers. The country has about 308,000 inhabitants and more than half live in the area in and around the capital Reykjavik.
Iceland is a republic with a president who are elected directly by the people. The President shall formally appoint the prime minister. Parliament is the supreme authority in Iceland.
Iceland is not an EU member, but participates in the European Economic Area through the EEA Agreement. Iceland is a member of NATO.
The Harpa concert hall in Reykjavik is the home for festival's in Iceland.
The blue lagoon is one of the most famous tourist attraction and they say that 80 % there are visiting Iceland is visiting the blue lagoon. The Blue lagoon consists of warm water that is heated up by a volcano.
up to 6 years of age.
Governed by the Law
2. Elementary school (grunnskóli) 6 - 16 years of age. Managed by Primary Law.
3. Secondary education (framhaldsskóli)
16 - 20 years of age. Governed by the Law of upper secondary schools.
4. Højere education (háskóli) from 20 years of age. Managed by the University Act No. 136/1997.
The kindergarten is teaching
and upbringing place with a
clear objective under the leadership of
specially trained staff.
The main purpose of compulsory schooling
(for ages 6-16 years) is to prepare
students to live and work
in a democratic society.
The population is
In Reykjavík is Althingi (the Icelandic Parliament), Government Building, University of Iceland (Icelandic university that was founded in 1911), colleges, museums, opera, theaters and an international deep-water port.
According Landnámabók was Reykjavík founded by Landnamsmanden Ingólfur Arnason. Archaeological excavations have later proven to Celtic immigrants and Norwegian Vikings settled in the area in Reykjavík around 871 Until well into the 18th century, Reykjavík only a small settlement.
The last volcano
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city in Iceland situated on the peninsula Reykjanesskagi at Islands southwest side.
Iceland is located in the northern Atlantic. Many people believe that Iceland is a little Island, but with 590 km from west to east and 350 km from north to south and a coastline at almost 5000 km, the country is bigger than many people believe.
86% houses on Iceland are geomaticel opwarmed
how does it work:
-USA, Germany and Denmark are the countries who are selling most products to Iceland.
it works on that way that they are
taking the water up to the tap and using it to go to bath and stuff like that
-Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands and USA, are the leading countries who are selling their deployments to Iceland.
-Fish products are still more than 60% of Iceland's export.
Although they had tried, in many years to build other business up, is Iceland still dependent of fishing.
The Icelandic horses
The vikings brought the Icelandic horses when they moved in in Iceland for more than eleven hundred years ago. There has not been imported horses to Iceland since the Viking times. Nordic horse breedrace is quiet unique.
The nature as the horses have lived in for centuries, has made them healthy and hardy, and Icelanders' requirements for a transport animals in the difficult terrain has created an unusually reliable, strong and comfortable riding horse, incredibly sure-footed and with run will.
The Icelandic horse is first and foremost a performance horse, where the main emphasis is placed on good riding properties. It must be brave and independent, willing and cooperative. It must be easy to hold and must have good adaptability and above all, a good mind.
Iceland is a constitutional republic with a multi-party system. The head of state is the President. Executive power is exercised by the Government. Iceland is arguably the world's oldest parliamentary democracy, with the Parliament, the Althingi, established in 930. Legislative power is vested in both the Parliament and the President. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature
In Iceland there are not the biggest amount of meat, its most cow meat, sheep meat and pork, it`s because of the very extraordinary nature it has a little amount of animals.
The recent Icelandic presidential election was held in 2012. Radio newspaper on 07/01/12 to announce that Ólafur Ragnar Grimson had won the election with 52% of votes.
Sveinn Björnsson (1944-52)
Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (1996-)
Kristján Eldjárn (1968-80)
Ásgeir Ásgeirsson (1952-68)
Vigdís Finnbogadóttir (1980-96)
Rich fishing grounds around Iceland are the country's most valuable natural resource; marine products in fact account for 70% of the nation's exports. Icelandic fish, caught in the fresh and unpolluted waters of the North Atlantic, has established a reputation for its superb quality and delicious taste world-wide.
Icelandic milk is one of the bounties of the nature, the countrymen of Iceland are rightly proud.
The presidents of iceland
Icelanders grow a lot of tasty garden vegetables, e.g. potatoes, cabbage, cauliflower and rhubarb.
Vegetables and fruit
The action is concentrated on a few individuals, it is dramatic and it is very manageable and take great leaps in time. Time, place, and the geners which are included in the saga specifies very clearly. There are several kinds of sagas: family sagas / Icelandic sagas, King sagas Norse sagas ("historical") as well as bishops and knights sagas.
A saga is an epic. The word saga comes from the verb segja that means "say" or "tell". It denotes the Icelandic any kind of narrative and are often used in the sense of "history", for example, means Gisle Surssøns Saga story of Gisli Surssøn. Saga Tales takes mostly based in Iceland. Is written in two eras:
Age of Settlement (colonization time) 870-930 is the time when Norwegians "took the country" on the Iceland. It is often negative and gloomy sagas. Sagatime (tell the time) 930-1030 Iceland's heyday. Most sagas have been written in that time.
The sagas were written about. 200 years later.
It is in Iceland they had retained most sagas, but in all of Scandinavia sagas were written.
Sagas from the west Nordic literature: Iceland and Norway. The saga as a genre based on Icelandic heroes and is not always authentic. The saga is an inspiration from other people, and the narrator poet far from its sources.
First presented both genres, then the problem arises between the conflicts and then played the main plot itself. This plot usually refer to revenge and retaliation.
and this is overall a taste of Iceland
Hallgrímskirkja (Icelandic pronunciation: [hatlkrimskirka], is a Lutheran (Church of Iceland) parish church in Reykjavík, Iceland. At 74.5 metres (244 ft), it is the largest church in Iceland and the sixth tallest architectural structure in Iceland after Longwave radio mast Hellissandur, the radio masts of US Navy at Grindavík, Eiðar longwave transmitter and Smáratorg tower. The church is named after the Icelandic poet and clergyman Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614 to 1674), author of the Passion Hymns.