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Documentary photography and new digital storytelling formats

Presentation of the Master thesis

Mar Costa

on 16 February 2011

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Transcript of Documentary photography and new digital storytelling formats

DIGITAL STORYTELLING FORMATS FROM THE FILM TO THE PIXEL PHOTOJOURNALISM TODAY CITIZEN JOURNALISM AND AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHY ONLINE EDITORIAL CRISIS TO GO ON-LINE Photojournalism has experienced a quick technological development 2002 introduction of the first professional digital camera Professionals swicht to digital technologies

Lower costs
quicker data transmission Image transmission via Internet Photojournalists, editors and agencies had experienced big changes on the field PHOTOGRAPHERS

Had to make a big investent in digital gear
Acceleration of workflow and deadlines
Possibility of more and easiest post-production PRESS AGENCIES

More photos on the market Sales prices of press pictures have been continously falling down EDITORS

Internet enabled acces to millions of pictures
Possibility to edit on-line (virtual edition) Widespread of digital camera devices Rised the number of non-profesional camera devices some media are usig this images because of the lower prices affected photojournalist jobs:
assignement decreased because it's cheaper and quick to find pictures on the internet

Getty Images Differences between amateurs and professionals:

Technical skills
Professionals invest more time and ressources
Depness on the subject as well as veracity on the contents and sources
Due to: world finantial crisis
cut down of editorial budgets due to the decline of advertising revenu
decrease of readers that migrate to the free on-line versions Cut of the editorial budgets affected photographers:

Newspapers are not paying anymore for long/deep reports
They buy images from the big press agencies: Reuters, AFP etc...
Buying from Corbis, Getty as well as non-professional user content consequences Decline of the published photographic quality
Priorisation of entreteining content
Uniformisation of sources Bankrupcy of traditional agencies (Grazia Neri, Cover, Sigma, Gamma) To publish before it was necessary a Magazine and editor

Internet brings the possibility to photographers to be his own publishers Obtaining diffusion
but not economical profits Photographers have to find other economical sources than comissioned work to fund their projects

" In a medium where everybody can publish the important thing is who is making the media managment content" (Badia, 2010) when money (on media managment) is the priority = quality goes down
when quality is priority Internet bring acces to worldwide works TRADITIONAL MEDIA GO ON-LINE Because of less production costs
On-line publications can specialize

Problem: Users are not willing to pay for on-line content NEW DIGITAL STORYTELLING FORMATS MULTIMEDIA New digital format wich combines photography, video, sound and infographics. It's edited on a narrative way and the final aim is to tell a story. Published on the Internet on poadcast or DVD TYPES:

slideshow with music
slideshow with in situ recorded sound
slideshow with video clips
webdocumentary "Hybrid mix between traditional documentary photography and documentary film" PHOTOGRAPHY FILM Photography as a metaphora

Image lecture time is decided by the author To give voice to the story charachters

Provides context and concretes names AUDIO (the added value) To add context and facilitate sensorial approach to the images

Has to be complementary ( never overuling the images) New world of possibilities CROSSMEDIA TRANSMEDIA The same content published on different media Development of crossmedia. It does not repeat content in different media. Creates specific material for diferent media output WEB DOCUMENTARY Web interactive documentary presented on a user friendly Flah interface.
Viewer becomes a user and takes more active rol controling how and when he/she displays the contents

Qualitative data research CONCLUSIONS Photographer needs to be skilled too on: video, audio, editing Team work
Growing of photographers associations Due to the high technology speed development nowadays it is not possible to predict photojournalism future The technique had simplified Image is more accesible and democratic More acces and diffusion of photography trough Internet Photographers are experimenting with new digital storytelling languages
Main aim: the story itself More production complexity : cooperation between image profesionals Lonely photographer Multitasking/multiskilled visual storyteller: team work Althought the issues of project finantiation remains unsolved Photographers have to find alternative ways of funding Are this new hybrid documentary formats the future or just a trend? 5 deep interviews performed to documentary professionals from Barcelona

2 photographers
2 graphic editors
CEO from "Photographic Social Vision"

To describe how documentary photography field has changed since the introduction of digital photography

To analise emerging digital storytelling formats: changes and possibilities Is photjournalism dying or facing changing and challenging period
where the medium has the possibility to reinvent itself ? Master thesis AIMS APPROACH QUESTIONS MEDIA MANAGMENT CONTENT How digital technologies and new media had changed the photography documentary field ? =
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