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Past Tenses

Past Simple/Continuous, Past Perfect Simple/Continuous
by

Livia Stavrakara

on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of Past Tenses

PAST TENSES
Past Perfect
Past
Perfect
Continuous

had been + verb + ing
Some more examples:
a completed action
before
another one
in the past
Duration before
something in the past
Form:
(had) + past participle
(3rd form)
Past Simple
:
Andrew
called
at about six.
And now let's add 2 more past tenses:
Past Continuous:
Well, you were studying
when Andrew called.
interrupted action in the past
* Past Perfect
* Past Perfect Continuous
* You had told me you didn't want any interruption.
: something happened before another action in the past.
: something happened before a specific time in the past.

* He understood the movie because he had read the book.
* I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Hawaii.

* You had visited the U.S. before your recent trip in December.
: started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.
She never saw a bear before she moved to Alaska.
*
I had been waiting
for more than
an hour when she finally arrived.
*Fortunately,
I had not been waiting

outside in the cold,
but
I had been sitting
inside the cafe.
A completed action in the past
* No, I had not said that.
Well, not about Andrew.
* Hadn't you?
I didn't quite understand.
* We
had owned
that car
for 5 years
before it broke down.
* By the time she finished her studies,
she
had been
in Canada
for 6 years.
She had never seen a bear before she moved to Alaska.
Here, the Past Simple is
incorrect,
because there are
no specific dates to set which action happened first
Past Perfect -

correct
This form is needed when:
- no specific dates mentioned.
If the Past Perfect action happened at a specific time, the Past Simple can be used:

* She had traveled to Brazil once in 2005 before she moved there in 2012.
* She traveled to Brazil once in 2005 before she moved there in 2012.
past perfect
past simple
Here, both are OK! Because:
- there is an action (travel)
- there are specific dates (2005, 2012)
So let's practice.
ex: When I arrived at the cinema, the movie ____________. (start)
When I arrived at the cinema, the movie had started.
Fill-in with positive or negative Past Perfect
(had) (had not)
1. She ___________(live) in Beijing before she moved to Amsterdam.
2. If you _____________(listen) to me, you would not have gotten sick.
3. Tanner didn't arrive until after I ____________(leave) the party.
4. The plants were dead because it ______________(be) dry all summer.
5. We were late for the train because we ____________(forget) our tickets.
6. Carrie said that she _____________(visit) Scotland once before.
7. Bruce Lee told me he _____________(practice) a lot before making his first movie.
had lived
had listened
had left
had been
had forgotten
had visited
had practiced
Free Talk!
Tell me about how you met
your first boyfriend/girlfriend.

What were you doing when
you met him/her?
Who approached who?
Free Talk !
Tell me a story about
how you met someone
while traveling.
Use the Past Perfect Continuous
to emphasize:
* The duration of an action that started
in the past and continued up until
another one in the past.

* They
had been talking
for over an hour before Tony arrived.

* How long
had you been studying
English before your first exam?

* Mike wanted to sit down because
he had been standing
all day at work.

The Past Perfect Continuous is a good way to show cause and effect.
Examples:

* Bryan was tired because
he had been jogging
.
* Courtney gained weight because
she had been overeating
.
* Judy failed the test because
she had not been attending class.
Cause of
something in the past
" He was tired because
he was exercising
so hard. "
(=He was tired because he was exercising at that exact moment.)

" He was tired because
he had been exercising
so hard. "
(=He was tired because he had been exercising over a period of time.

It is possible that he was still exercising
at that moment OR that he had just finished.)
Past Continuous
or Past Perfect Continuous?
Why
didn't you tell
me about it?
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