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ABC Cell Book

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Rami Elkhatib

on 16 February 2014

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Transcript of ABC Cell Book

ABC Cell Book
(A) Anaphase
Anaphase is a step of mitosis. During anaphase, chromatids separate and move towards opposite poles.
(B) Biogenesis
The production of living organisms from other living organisms.
(C) Cytokinesis
Cytokinesis the the division of the cytoplasm at the end of mitosis, resulting in two daughter cells, each with its own nucleus.
(I) Interphase
Interphase is a step of the cell cycle which includes the G1 Phase, the S Phase, and the G2 Phase. The cell will prepare for cell division and the DNA is replicated.
(H) Haploid
Haploid is one copy of the DNA, for example, sex cells we produce.
(F) Fermentation
A chemical breakdown of cells resulting in a lack of oxygen.
(J) Junctions
The act of joining or being joined.
(K) Karyotypes
The classification of an organism based on the number, size, shape, and other characteristics of the chromosomes.
(G) G1 and G2 Phase
Process in the cell cycle where the cell expands in preparation for mitosis.
(V) Vacuole
A vesicle in the cytoplasm of the cell which stores glucose or other foods for the cell.
(M) Metaphase
(D) Diploid
Diploid means there are two copies of the DNA. All of our cells, beside sex cells, are diploid.
(E) Eukaryotes
Organisms consisting of cells in which the genetic material is DNA within a nucleus.
(N) Nucleus
(P) Prophase
The prophase is the stage of mitosis in which the nuclear envelope disappears, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, centrosomes are separated, and the mitotic spindle is formed.
(O) Organelle
Organelles are specialized structures within a cell.
(s) S Phase
Stage in Interphase in which DNA replicates in the nucleus.
(T) Telophase
(R) Red Blood Cells
Red blood cells transfer oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from tissues within an organism.
(X) X-Chromosome
An X-chromosome is a sex chromosome, two are located in female cells, and one located in male cells.
(Z) Zygote
A diploid cell resulting from the fusion of two haploid gametes. For example, a fertilized egg.
(Q) Qualitative Data
Data that characterizes data, but does not measure the attributes, characteristics, and properties of a thing.
(W) White Blood Cells
A cell involved in engulfing diseases and unknown substances to get rid of them from the cell.
(Y) Y-Chromosome
A sex chromosome only found in male cells.
(U) Unicellular Organism
An organism that contains one cell.
(L) Lysosome
A lysosome is a cell organelle that breaks down waste in the cytoplasm of the cell.
Rami Elkhatib and Omar Geier
The metaphase is the stage of mitosis in which the spindle fibers align the chromosomes along the center of the cell.
An organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's genetic material.
The telophase is a stage within mitosis, in which a new nuclear envelope forms, chromosomes unfold back into chromatin, nucleoli reappear, and the cell continues to elongate.
Full transcript