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Mary McLeod Bethune

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by

Terri Heyns

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Mary McLeod Bethune

Mary McLeod Bethune used her beliefs to
change the world and make it a better place

Mary believed that equal rights for African Americans and women would give them the opportunity to succeed. She started schools and advocated for rights and formed organizations, such as the National Council of Negro Women.
Mary McLeod Bethune improved life for other people
She was a teacher and advisor to two presidents about African-American issues. She was the only child to go to school in her family of 17 kids. Both her parents grew up as slaves, so she was determined to dedicate herself to improving the lives of all African Americans through education.
Mary's character traits

Courage: Bravery
Leadership: Guidance and direction
Diligence: Steady effort
Courage: She created a school for African Americans before there
were many opportunities for them.
Diligence: She walked five miles every day to school.
Leadership: She worked her entire life helping African Americans
achieve the same rights as white people.
Connection between other historical figures
Mary was

an advisor to President Roosevelt.
Her strong friendship with Theodore and Eleanor Roosevelt helped make the National Council of Negro women which was founded in 1935, a force in national politics.
Important facts
Mary McLeod Bethune once said “Knowledge is the prime need of the hour." She also said “The whole world
opened up to me when I learned to read." It was almost fifty years from the end of slavery in 1863 until the first black student completed 8th grade in 1912 at the school she started. In another half century the Civil Rights Act was signed in 1964.
Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary was born on a little farm in Mayesville, South Carolina in 1875.
“We have a powerful potential in our youth, and we must have the courage to change old ideas and practices so that we may direct their power toward good ends."
Mary McLeod Bethune was the first woman and first African American to be honored with a statue in a public park in Washington, D.C.
In Daytona, Florida, in 1904 she began a school with $1.50. She expanded the school to a high school, then a junior college, and finally it became Bethune-Cookman College.
References
Bethune, Mary McLeod. Britannica Online for Kids. Web. March 17, 2014.

Jackson, Curtis. “Mary McLeod Bethune. Web. March 30, 2014.

“Mary McLeod Bethune: Photos and History.” Florida Memory. Netrekker. March 17, 2014

“Mary McLeod Bethune.” Web. <http://marymcleodbethune.weebly.com/index.html>
March 17, 2014.

Metro to Mary McLeod Bethune Memorial - Washington DC. Living in Washington, DC. Web. March 30, 2014.

Quarles, Philip. “Mary McLeod Bethune and Eleanor Roosevelt Comment on America's Imperfect Democracy.” New York Public Radio Archives. August 3, 2012.





Mary McLeod Bethune's first school, Daytona Normal and Industrial School for Negro Girls.
1894
1904
1935
Emancipation Proclamation announced the end of slavery
Mary graduates from Scotia Seminary
Mary McLeod Bethune is born
Opened Daytona Educational and
Industrial School for Negro Girls
1925
Bethune College and Cookman College merge
to form Bethune-Cookman College
1875
Chosen as Roosevelt's advisor
on minority affairs
1863
Timeline
Mary McLeod Bethune dies at
age 80 in Daytona, Florida
1955
Map
Mary was born in South Carolina
Mary went to school in North Carolina
Mary started a
school in Florida that became Bethune Cookman College
Mary lived in Washington DC and advised presidents
Mary went to
college in Illinois
Full transcript