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Transcript of Idealism
Realism has historically held a central position in the study of International Relations
V sec b.C.
The Peloponnesian War
The state of war
Politics among nations
Theory of international politics
The tragedy of the great powers
states as main actors
difference of power
anarchy as state of nature
human nature is egoist
you can relay only on yourself
Classical liberal thought
New strands of liberal IR
1900 - 2000
post war realism
theory of democratic peace
Outbreak of World War II
Revolution in the '90s
“What made the war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused in Sparta”
“The strong do what they have the power to do and the weak accept what they have to accept”
“Athens was driven by fear, interest and honour”
lance of power
first priority of state leaders
“The republican constitution is the only one wholly compatible with the rights of men”
Realism with a scientific touch
still a struggle for power
not as result of human nature
(aka structural realism)
what matters is the structure of the system
uncertainty about other states' intentions
survival as main goal
great powers as rational actors
maximize the economic strength
Principal goal: survival
is a good
John Herz, 1950
Security dilemma theory
Bipolarity stability theory
Limits of realism
non states actors
values, norms etc
c. 460 – c. 395 BC
"In arming for self-defense a state might decrease its security via the unintended effect of making others insecure, sparking them to arm in response."
International relations explained in terms of power
Flaws of German domestic politics
Thank you for your attention
Table of contents
Realism - Timeline
- Core elements "triple S"
- Classical realism: Thucydides
Idealism - Timeline
Offensive Realism - Mearsheimer
New idealism - Kober
Kober: optimistic view on Soviet bloc transformation
Not grounded in real events
1856 - 1924
Zum ewigen Frieden.
Ein philosophischer Entwurf
Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch
1724 - 1804
No secret treaties
No indipendent states under the dominion of another state
Armies shall be totally abolished
National debts cannot be contracted for foreign policy reasons
No state should, during war, do anything that undermine the the trust of other states or makes peace impossible
2. "The law of nations shall be founded on a federation of free states"
3. "The law of world citizenship shall be limited to conditions of universal hospitality"
1. "The civil constitution of every state should be republican"
legislative power separated by executive
delivered in Joint session, January 8, 1918