Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


The Poetic Elements

Definitions, explanations, and examples of the poetic elements

Claire Roth

on 7 March 2012

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Poetic Elements

The Poetic Elements
Figurative Language
Sound Devices
follows fixed rules, such as a specified number of lines
has a regular pattern of rhythm and rhyme
includes the following forms: sonnet, haiku, limerick, ballad, epic, luc bat
Fire and Ice by Robert Frost
Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
From what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.
But if I had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.

Robert Frost
does not have a regular pattern of rhythm and may not rhyme
may use unconventional spelling, punctuaion, and grammar
includes the following forms: free verse, concrete poetry
Spring is like a perhaps hand
by E. E. Cummings


Spring is like a perhaps hand
(which comes carefully
out of Nowhere)arranging
a window,into which people look(while
people stare
arranging and changing placing
carefully there a strange
thing and a known thing here)and

changing everything carefully

spring is like a perhaps
Hand in a window
(carefully to
and fro moving New and
Old things,while
people stare carefully
moving a perhaps
fraction of flower here placing
an inch of air there)and

without breaking anything.
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
There was an Old Man with a Beard

by Edward Lear
There was an Old Man with a beard,
Who said, "It is just as I feared—
Two Owls and a Hen, four Larks and a Wren,
Have all built their nests in my beard.

In moving-slow he has no Peer.
You ask him something in his Ear,
He thinks about it for a Year;

And, then, before he says a Word
There, upside down (unlike a Bird),
He will assume that you have Heard -

A most Ex-as-per-at-ing Lug.
But should you call his manner Smug,
Hell sigh and give his Branch a Hug;

Then off again to Sleep he goes,
Still swaying gently by his Toes,
And you just know he knows he knows.

Theodore Roethke 1908-1963
From "Blackberrying"

by Sylvia Plath

Nobody in the lane, and nothing, nothing but blackberries,
Blackberries on either side, though on the right mainly,
A blackberry alley, going down in hooks, and a sea
Somewhere at the end of it, heaving. Blackberries
Big as the ball of my thumb, and dumb as eyes
Ebon in the hedges, fat
With blue-red juices. These they squander on my fingers.
I had not asked for such a blood sisterhood; they must love me.
They accommodate themselves to my milkbottle, flattening their sides.
This Is Just To Say
by William Carlos Williams

I have eaten
the plums
that were in
the icebox

and which
you were probably
for breakfast

Forgive me
they were delicious
so sweet
and so cold
A comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as
Example: "Her lips are as red as a rose."
A comparison of two unlike things that does not use the words like or as
Example: Her lips are a red rose.
Giving human traits to nonhuman beings or objects
example: The lilies show off thier regal clothes.
An exaggeration for emphasis or humor
Example: My sister uses so much makeup she has to use a sandblaster to get it off at night.
Descriptive language that appeals to one of the fives senses
Examples: sandpapery rough, the aroma of fresh chocolate chip cookies, tick tock,
Definition: the use of words that begin with the same consonant sound in close proximity
Ex: Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore.
Defintion: The use of words that contain the same consonant sound (but do not begin with the same sound) in close proximity
Example: I think its blank.
Water pattern
Definition: the use of similar vowel sounds in words in close proximity
Example: "The spider skins lie on their sides, translucent and ragged, their legs drying in knots." - from Annie Dillard's Holy the Firm
Definition: Creating a pattern using the naturally stressed and unstressed syllables in the English Language
Example: See "Fire and Ice" by Traditional Poetry
How to determine rhyme scheme:
Look at the words at the end of each line.
Assign a letter to each word that represents a different rhyme sound
List the letters in the same order as the lines to notate rhyme scheme.
Definition: repeating certain words or lines for emphasis
Ex: See "Blackberrying" by Sylvia Plath.
Ex: See Sonnet 118
Rhythm and Meter
u = unstressed or short
/ = stressed or long
iamb: u /
trochee: / u
dactyl: / u u
anapest: u u /
Lines and Stanzas
Line: the text on one line
Stanza: a group of lines
Form: the "shape" the poem takes

Traditional (Closed Form) or Organic (Open Form)
Tone and Mood: What feelings does
the poem invoke?
Speaker: the voice speaking in the poem
Addressee: the party being addressed in the poem
Narrator: story teller in narrative poetry
Allusion: a reference to another work of art, literature, historical figure, place, etc.
Connotation: the idea or feeling a word
inspires in addition to its literal meaning
Full transcript