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Chap. 6 - Voting 2

Voter rights and voting behavior
by

Mr. Leland

on 9 December 2011

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Transcript of Chap. 6 - Voting 2

Voter Qualifications, Voting Process, and Voter Behavior
Voter Qualifications - Then vs. Now
Male
Own property
Religious - White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP)
Taxpayer
Many states required literacy
**Grandfather Clause
21 years old
Amendments that Affected Voting
15th- ratified in 1870, protected citizens from being denied to vote because of race or color (women not included)
19th- 1920, prohibited the denial of the right to vote because of sex
24th- 1964, banned the tax payment as a voter qualification )no more poll tax)
26th- 1971, brought about because of the Vietnam War, stated that those over the age of 18 could vote
Where do I register?
The Polls
Where to Vote
Polling places always located in public facilities
Reduces chance of voter fraud
-Fire stations, schools, sports halls, community centers, libraries, and other local government offices
Polls are open from 7am to 8pm
Elections are always on Tuesdays
The Voting Process
1. Register to vote
2. Study the candidates and issues
3. Find your polling place
4. Have the necessary documents on hand (state or federally issued ID - driver's license, passport, etc.)
5. Cast your vote
Motor Vehicle Department
ve
Options for College Students
Given access to same polling places as resident members of the community
Most colleges have locations on campus to vote at
At UW-La Crosse: Eagle Recreation Center
Another option is the absentee ballot
At Issue in America: Low Voter Turnout
Voting in a democratic society is the way all our voices are heard
On election day in 2004, an estimated 215.7 million people eligible to vote
Of those eligible, only 122.3 million (56.7%) actually voted
Why do so many people choose not to vote?
Why People Don't Vote
A sizeable amount of people are classified as "cannot-voters"
Resident aliens made up about 10 million people in the 2004 election
About 5-6 million people are too ill or physically disabled
Sudden, unexpected traveling
About 500,000 are mentally ill
About 2 million are in jail or prison
Other Reasons People Don't Vote
"Nonvoters" -- Could vote, but choose not to
2 groups of nonvoters:
1) approve of how public's business is being managed
2) do not trust political institutions and processes ("The Man")
Long ballots, inconvenient registration requirements, long lines, and bad weather
Low political efficacy
Primary reason: a lack of interest
Don't know the simplest facts about candidates and elections
"We're the most entertained and least informed people on the planet." -RFK Jr.
What can be done to improve voter particpation??
Ways to Increase Voter Participation
Move elections from Tuesdays to Sundays
Make elections a non-working national holiday
Keep the polls open longer
Move voting age to 16
Internet voting
Money rewards for voters
Make it mandatory for every state to allow registering on election day
Amendments that Expanded Suffrage
15th: 1870- as a direct result of the Civil War; no denial of vote because of race/color **women not included
19th: 1920- could not deny the right to vote because of sex
24th: 1964- ban of tax payment as voter qualification
26th: 1971- spurred by the Vietnam War, lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
Now
Male or Female
U.S. citizen
Resident of the state
Registered
No criminal record (felony)
Not mentally ill
18 years old
Then
Now
Do Your Country a Favor and VOTE
How can we increase voter participation?

Brainstorm with those at your table.

Undecided Voters
Full transcript