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Top Ten (history)

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Megan Fothergill

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of Top Ten (history)

Top Ten Canadians Who Shaped our Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (Since 1945) Tommy Douglas Pierre Trudeau Terry Fox Henry Morgantaler Lester B. Pearson The Tragically Hip Wayne Gretzky Biography Baptist minister, politician, and the Premier of Saskatchewan.
He attended Brandon College.
He led the NDP party after its founding in 1961. Ernie Coombs AKA Mr. Dressup The CCF The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation.
Progressive socialist labour party.
Douglas joined in 1933.
Ran for Prime Minister in 1934 as the head of the party and won.
Left in 1944. Premier of Saskatchewan 17 years as premier of Saskatchewan.
Pioneered many social programs, such as medicare.
Resigned in 1961 to return to the federal circuit. The NDP Joined the New Democratic Party (the NDP), a fusion of the CCF and organized labour.
Elected first leader and ran in the 1962 election
Stepped down as leader in 1971, and retired in 1979. How Did Tommy Douglas Shape Canada? Pioneered many social programs that we are known for, such as medicare and government funded pensions
Formed NDP Biography Born and raised in Montreal where he attended Jesuit school.
Received a law degree from the University of Montreal.
Was invited by the Liberals to run for a party seat in 1965 and won.
That year he became the minister of justice. Days in Office Instantly popular with teenagers, "Trudeaumania".
Worked for universal healthcare.
Was faced with the October crisis Trudeau and French/English Relations Largest accomplishment was what he did for French/English relations.
Spoke both of Canada's officials languages fluently.
1980 Referendum. How did Pierre Trudeau Shape Canada? Trudeau was known for being pleasant, funny, and a kind person, personifying Canada.
He worked for good French/English relations, which is an important part of Canada. Biography The Marathon of Hope Born in Winnipeg Manitoba.
Enjoyed playing many sports as a teenager.
Attended Simon Fraser University.
At the age of 18 he was diagnosed with bone cancer.
Underwent chemotherapy and met with other patients. A cross country run designed to bring awareness to Cancer and collect donations for research.
Began his run by dipping his artificial leg in the Atlantic ocean. He traveled across Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and southern Ontario.
Forced to stop in Thunderbay ON due to a relapse.
5373 kms over 143 days.
He passed away in June 1981. How did Terry Fox shape Canada? Terry was a hard working individual who started his fundraiser not for himself but for the others that would come after him, making him an excellent example of Canadian spirit.
His Marathon of hope and the proceeding Terry Fox runs raise money for cancer research and bring awareness to the horrible illness, helping to one day find a cure for the world. Biography Born to a jewish family in Poland.
Was sent to Auschwitz with his mother and brother.
He and his brother were then sent to Dachau for the remainder of the war.
Liberated in 1945.
In 1950 he sailed to Canada.
Received a medical degree from the University of Montreal. Abortions and Rights Focused more on Family planning in 1955.
One of the first Canadian doctors to preform vasectomies and provide birth control to unmarried men and women.
Morgantaler fought hard on behalf of women's right to have abortions.
In 1968 he started preforming abortions in his clinic. Going to Court Federal and provincial governments said it was the others responsibility.
When taken to court for defying abortion laws, brought up the point of necessity and was acquitted.
Trudeau put in place what was called the Morgantaler Amendment - courts could not overturn acquittals. How did Henry Morgantaler shape Canada? Henry fought on behalf of women's rights, especially when it comes to their health.
In Canada women can get a safe abortion outside of a hospital for no charge thanks to Henry.
Canada is known as a place of equality and the freedom to make your own choices, which was upheld by Morgantaler. Biography Born in Newtonbrook.
At age 16 he graduated from the Hamilton Collegiate Institute, joining Victoria College at the University of Toronto.
Served as an orderly with the University of Toronto Hospital unit in the first world war.
Joined the RFC in 1917.
Honourably discharged after being hit by a bus.
Graduated with a degree in history.
Acted as a diplomat in London during the second world war. Nobel Peace Prize Pearson was working for the United Nations.
Created the United Nations Emergency Force to help with the Suez crisis.
The first group of peacekeepers. Time in Office Pearson became Prime Minister in 1963,
Nationalized certain social programs that we still have today:
Introduced the 40 hour work week, two weeks vacation, and minimum wages.
Established our national flag.
Pearson signed the Auto Pact with the USA. How did Lester B. Pearson Shape Canada? Pearson not only made may changes during his time in office that make Canada a well-known desirable place to be, he also instituted our flag, an icon of our country.
Pearson coined the idea of peacekeepers, for which Canada is famous and he is the only Canadian Prime Minister to win a Nobel Prize Biography Rock group from Kingston Ontario.
Originally formed in a dorm building of Queens University.
Released their first album entitled "The Tragically Hip EP" in 1987.
15 albums and 54 singles, nine albums reached number one in Canada. Topic of Choice The Tragically Hip chose Canadian themes for many of their songs.
"At the Hundredth Meridian"- Canada's great plains begin in western Manitoba.
"Fifty Mission Cap"- The disappearance and death of famous Toronto Maple Leaf Bill Barilko, and the last two years the Leafs won the Stanley Cup. Recognition 14 Juno Awards
Canada's Walk of Fame (2002)
Canadian Music Hall of Fame (2005)
Royal Conservatory of Music Award (2006)
Governor General's Performing Arts Award (2008).
Scheduled to be featured on a postage stamp. How did the Tragically Hip shape Canada? The Tragically Hip shared different aspects of Canada through their music.
They were also known to be nice guys, which is very much the image of Canada Biography David Suzuki Margaret Atwood First came to Canada in 1963 with Fred Rogers.
First got on television in 1964 on the kid's show "Butternut Square".
Taught children about values, safety, and arts and crafts.
Two of the most well known puppets were Casey Finnegan. Awards Earle Grey Award in 1994.
Order of Canada in 1996.
Save the Children in 1997. Citations and Bibliography (Also Found on Script) How did Ernie Coombs shape Canada? Ernie Combs' show Mr. Dressup helped raise children to be kind, caring, and good people, things that Canadians are known to be. 1. Lovick, L.D.. "Tommy Douglas - The Canadian Encyclopedia." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2013. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/tommy-douglas>.

The Canadian encyclopedia seems trust worthy because it is an encyclopedia. It presents information without opinion, shown by the fact that there are never any personal pronouns. Lovick is the author/editor of many books about Douglas, indicating that he is well informed on the subject an therefor a reputable source. This is just a basic biography of Douglas, which is a good basis for my section on him.

2." Pierre Trudeau Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com ." Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/pierre-trudeau-9510956>.

On a website dedicated to biographies, so odds are it is unbiased. Good overview of Trudeaus life, since I don't need details.

3. " About Terry Fox - Terry Fox Day - Simon Fraser University ." SFU Home Page - SFU - Simon Fraser University . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://www.sfu.ca/terryfox/about.html>.

From the SFU webpage and so probably a credible source. Good Marathon of Hope information.

4. "Henry Morgentaler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Morgentaler>.

5. "Lester B. Pearson." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 June 2013. <en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lester_B._Pearsonhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lester_B._Pearson>.

6. "The Tragically Hip - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Tragically_Hip>.

7. "Ernie Coombs." Famous Canadians. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.canadians.ca/more/profiles/c/c_ernie_coombs.htm>.

8. "David Suzuki | David Suzuki Foundation." David Suzuki Foundation | Solutions are in our nature. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.davidsuzuki.org/david/>.

This is a goof overview of Suzuki's career, with links to documents with more specific information. Because this is the site for his personal foundation there is a chance of bias however I don't feel like I am using information that is greatly affected by bias.

9. Godardd, Barbara. "Margaret Eleanor Atwood - The Canadian Encyclopedia." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/margaret-eleanor-atwood>.

Very detailed article about Atwood, lots of information to pick through. Godard is a writer, editor, etc like Atwood and follows many of the same topics, some positive bias possible.

10. "Wayne Gretzky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_Gretzky>. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Biography Born on March 24 1936 in BC.
Family interned during WWII.
Released in 1945 and moved to Ontario.
His father instilled in him a love of the natural world. Schooling and Achievements Honours BA in Biology from Amherst College.
Zoology Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.
25 Honourary degrees.
Elected to the Royal society of Canada.
A Companion in the Order of Canada .
E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fellowship for the outstanding research scientist in Canada under the age of 35. Works 52 Books, 19 children's.
Textbook that is still widely used.
Many radio and television shows. How did David Suzuki shape Canada? By working to protect Canada's environment for the future
David educated not only Canadians but people of the world about the effect of the natural world on us (8) Biography Born in Ottawa, 1939
Attended University of Toronto and Harvard
Originally published poetry
Became known for feminist works
Looked at conflict in Canada
23 Honorary degrees Awards Officer, Order of Canada, 1973
Governor General's Award, The Handmaid's Tale, 1986
Humanist of the Year Award, 1987
Government of France’s Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, 1994
Winner Booker Prize for The Blind Assassin, 2000
Winner of the Prince of Asturias Award for Letters, Spain, 2008
The Governor General of Canada's Golden Jubilee Medal, 2012 Relevance Reflects political and social circumstances.
Common focuses are environmental decline, women's roles, and the interactions within a social order. How did Margaret Atwood shape Canada? Because Margaret's novels and poetry reflect the political and social atmosphere they tell the rest of the world about what's going on in Canada, shaping our identity in their eyes. (9) Biography Born in Brantford ON
Grew up playing hockey
Early talent was not in strength or speed but intellect Teams Indianapolis Racers (WHA)
Edmonton Oilers (WHA/NHL) - 4 Stanley Cups
LA Kings (NHL)
St. Louis Blues (NHL)
New York Rangers (NHL) Awards Lady Byng Trophy for sportsmanship and performance (5)
Hart MVP Trophy (9)
Art Ross Trophy for the most points in a season (10)
Lester B. Pearson/Ted Lindsay Award for most outstanding player (5)
Conn Smith Playoff MVP Award (2) Outside of Playing... Director of 2002 men's olympic hockey team (won the gold) and 2006 (didn't win)
Part owner and head coach of Phoenix Coyotes How did Wayne Gretzky shape Canada? His notoriety as a player reflects the idea of Canadians being great hockey players
Inspiring young players affects the next generation, continuing the image of the kind yet talented hockey player (10) " Pierre Trudeau Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com ." Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/pierre-trudeau-9510956>. On a website dedicated to biographies, so odds are it is unbiased. Good overview of Trudeaus life, since I dont need details.
" About Terry Fox - Terry Fox Day - Simon Fraser University ." SFU Home Page - SFU - Simon Fraser University . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://www.sfu.ca/terryfox/about.html>. From the SFU webpage and so probably a credible source. Good Marathon of Hope information.
"Bill Barilko 50 Mission Cap - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <
"David Suzuki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Suzuki>.
"David Suzuki | David Suzuki Foundation." David Suzuki Foundation | Solutions are in our nature. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.davidsuzuki.org/david/>. This is a good over view of Suzuki's career, with links to documents with more specific information. Because it is the site for his personal foundation there is a chance of bias towards him, but i dont feel like im using information that is greatly affected by bias.
"David Suzuki: Detailed CV." David Suzuki Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <www.davidsuzuki.org/downloads/drsuzukiCV.pdf>.
"Ernie Coombs." Famous Canadians. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.canadians.ca/more/profiles/c/c_ernie_coombs.htm>.
Godardd, Barbara. "Margaret Eleanor Atwood - The Canadian Encyclopedia." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/margaret-eleanor-atwood>. Very detailed article about Atwood, lots of information to pick through. Godard is a writer, editor, etc like Atwood and follows many of the same topics, some positive bias possible.
"Henry Morgentaler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Morgentaler>. )
"Lester B. Pearson." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 June 2013. <en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lester_B._Pearsonhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lester_B._Pearson>.
Lovick, L.D.. "Tommy Douglas - The Canadian Encyclopedia." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2013. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/tommy-douglas>. The Canadian encyclopedia seems trust worthy because it is an encyclopedia. It presents information without opinion, shown by the fact that there are never any personal pronouns. Lovick is the author/editor or many books about Douglas, indicating that he is well informed on the subject an therefor a reputable source. This is just a basic biography of Douglas, which is a good basis for my section on him.
"Margaret Atwood." Margaret Atwood. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://margaretatwood.ca/awards.php>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Margaret Atwood." Margaret Atwood. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.margaretatwood.ca/bio.php>. From Atwood's personal site, so there is lots of general information about her. Because it is her personal site, there is liable to be some bias though it probably wont effect my project.
"Margaret Atwood : English-Canadian Writers : Canadian Writers : Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences : Athabasca University." Home : Canadian Writers : Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences : Athabasca University. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://canadian-writers.athabascau.ca/english/writers/matwood/matwood.php>.
Morley, J. T. . "Co-operative Commonwealth Federation - The Canadian Encyclopedia." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 June 2013. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/cooperative-commonwealth-federation>.
The Canadian encyclopedia seems trust worthy because it is an encyclopedia. It presents information without opinion, shown by the fact that there are never any personal pronouns. Lovick is the author/editor or many books about Douglas, indicating that he is well informed on the subject an therefor a reputable source. This is just a basic biography of Douglas, which is a good basis for my section on him..
"Terry Fox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terry_Fox>.
Wikipedia is a shakey source, however it is generally alright for basic information, which is what i needed: birth place, early life, etc
"The Tragically Hip (EP) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Tragically_Hip_EP>.

"The Tragically Hip - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Tragically_Hip>.

Townend, Paul. "Earle Grey Award - The Canadian Encyclopedia." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/earle-grey-award>.

"Wayne Gretzky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_Gretzky>. (tags: none | edit tags) What do all these people have in common? Inspiring Youth Protecting our Country Representing Canada Improving the System They Are Canadian. Hard Workers Serving the World
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