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Ancient Egyptian Religion FINAL

By: Maarukh & Saman
by

Saman Khan

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Egyptian Religion FINAL

Ancient Egyptian Religion
Introduction
It is extremely difficult to trace back the roots of Egyptian religion, as it existed during the prehistoric times - around the time of the invention of writing.

The ancient Egyptian religion consists of many different things, such as hieroglyphics, different gods that are worshiped, the mummification procedure, numerous deities and basically how the world came to be, as well as their version of it.

In the following presentation, you will be learning about everything and anything that relates back to the Ancient Egyptian religion.
Religion was very important to the Egyptians
Religion was strongly influenced by tradition
This caused them to resist change
Egyptians did not question the beliefs that had been handed down to them
Did not desire change in society
Main goal throughout history was to emulate the conditions which they believed had existed at the very beginning of creation
One of the very strong traditions was that of divine kingship
Due to beliefs, the pharaoh held immense amount of power
Egyptian culture is based on a number of ancient myths, nature worship and innumerable deities
Egyptian accounts of creation;
Ra, the sun came out of an egg
Appeared on the surface of the water
Ra, brought forward four children
Gods, Shu and Geb and the goddesses, Tetnut and Nut
Amon-Re- the primary Egyptian god, suppose to be self-created

He was thought to be all- powerful and in result was thought to have created the entire world by simply speaking it into being

Osiris- Probably the most well known of the Egyptian gods, was considered to be the god of vegetation, the god of resurrection, but most importantly, the god of the underworld

Set- brother and rival of Osiris, Set is the Egyptian god of chaos, sometimes known as the god of storms,wind, war, desserts. After a duel between him and Horus, the gods banished him

Isis-The goddess pf fertility and motherhood is the first egyptian goddess and also most likely to be longest lasting
Ankh:
For Egyptians, this symbol represents life, eternal life, and the circle of life
however, it has become an icon even today as the christian cross
Is is one of the most powerful symbols represented in Egyptian hieroglyphics and is often seen in decorations and artifacts

Amenta:
This sumbol represents the underworld and the land of the dead
originally it meant the horizon of the sunset
later it became the symbol of the Nile river (where the sunset and the dead were buried)

Winged Solar Disk (Isis' wings):
a common image seen in nursery and fertility homes
Represents love,motherhood,protection and strength
Her shadow is used to protect the diseased

Without ancient Egyptian religion, Egypt would not be the historically rich and beautiful country it is today
Behind every massive Pyramid, tomb,and artifact, there is an aspect of egyptian religion that molded in to the country we know today
Egyptians were the first humans to entomb and cover the dead, as their strong belief in the afterlife affected them deeply
Every drought, death,and flood that occurred-was sent from the gods
The complex architecture of the pyramids is still a mystery to us today
It was important for the individuals body to be preserved
the body had to remain intact and receive regular offerings of food and drinks
Write your name in
Hieroglyphic!
By:
Origins
Beliefs
Shu and Tetnut became atmosphere
Stood on Geb, who became earth and raised up Nut who became the sky
Geb and Nut later had two sons, Set and Osiris
Two daughters Isis and Nepthys
From this belief of creation came a group of nine divinities and triad
Egyptian gods and goddesses were represented with human torsos and human or mostly animal heads
Sometimes an animal or bird represented the characteristics of the god and or goddesses
Book of the dead: A guide to the world of the dead consists of charms designed to overcome these dangers
After Life
They prepared for death, their whole life- With pharaohs building elaborate tombs, collecting the finest furniture, and having expensive mummification done to them
Their heart was weighed, their confessions listened to by Anubis and Thoth, and then examined for how virtuous their lives had been
Lastly they traveled through the underworld on a "solar bark", escourted by the gods to reach paradise and attain everlasting life
Hieroglyphics
Every religion has its own form of sacred writings and in the Egyptians' case it is Hieroglyphs.

In greek:
hieros means holy
glyphe means writing
This writing was uncovered by the Rosetta Stone. Hieroglyphics uses small pictures which represent the sound of the object or an idea associated with the object.
Hieroglyphs were written on papyrus reed, which is a water or marsh plant, with tall straight hollow stems.The reeds were flattened, dried, and stuck together to make pages.

The Egyptians also carved hieroglyphs onto stone and painted them on the walls of the tombs of the dead.
They used writing in a variety of places including in schools, on tomb walls, in fields, in temples, at war and in government places such as "courts" and "medical center"
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Main Gods
Cultural impact
Full transcript