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British North America -- Mid-Century vs. Present

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Justine Magbitang

on 17 March 2015

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Transcript of British North America -- Mid-Century vs. Present

Was the Population as Diverse as It Is Today?
Was Immigration an Important Factor?
What Kind of Work Did People Do?
British North America
Greetings, astronaut.
Your mission today is to venture to Mars. But in the midst of getting there, you must land on passing asteroids to compare and contrast British North America in the past versus today.
Good luck.
How Large Was the Population?
1850s
2010s
•Only 8.9% of the total population lived in the 5 largest communities.
•The total population of Ontario and Québec in 1851 was 1,842,265.
•Population of Canada West = 890,261.
•Population of Canada East = 952,004.
MID-CENTURY VS. PRESENT • JUSTINE MAGBITANG
How Much Did People Earn?
How Much Did Goods Cost?
What Characteristics Made Good Immigrants to the Canadas in 1850?
•The total population of Ontario and Québec as of July 2014 is 21,893,400.
•Population of Ontario = 13,678,700.
•Population of Québec = 8,214,700.
1850s
2010s
•The population was much less diverse than today.
•Caucasian =
1,753,360 (99.2%).
•Visible Minorities =
14,140 (0.8%).
•In Ontario and Québec today, visible minorities make up about 14% of the two provinces' populations combined.
•Caucasian = 18,411,400 (85.7%).
•Visible Minorities = 2,651,020 (14.3%).
•Large numbers of people
immigrated to Canada
between 1851-1861, but
the emigration rate
was also very high.
•Immigration = 325,000
•Emigration = 170,000
•40% of Canadian immigrants' province of destination was Ontario in 2011.
•20.8% of Canadian immigrants' province of destination was Québec in 2011.
•Ontario emigration from 2013-2014 = 27,605
•Québec emigration from 2013-2014 = 9,199
1850s
2010s
Major Occupations of Male Workers in the Canadas, 1851
Farmer
Labourer
Other Occupations
Privately Wealthy
164,448
150,688
100,069
4,986
39.1%
35.9%
23.8%
1.2%
Selected Occupations in Canada, January 2015
Management
Business/Finance/Administrative
Natural and Applied Sciences
Health
Social Science/Education/Government Service/Religion
Art/Culture/Recreation/Sport
Sales and Service
Trades/Transport and Equipment Operators
867,700
2,871,100
1,155,500
1,006,300
1,523,900
366,800
3,907,400
2,128,900
1850s
Average Daily Wages for Selected Occupations, 1851
Bricklayers (male)
Carpenters (male)
Dressmakers (female)
Farm labourers (male)
Dairy workers (female)
Sawmill workers (male)
Tailors (male)
$1.25
$1.50
$0.31
$0.83
$0.13
$0.75
$0.95
Welcome to Mars.
References:
Average Hourly Wages for Selected Occupations, January 2015
Management
Business/Finance/Administrative
Natural and Applied Sciences
Health
Social Science/Education/Government Service/Religion
Art/Culture/Recreation/Sport
Sales and Service
Trades/Transport and Equipment Operators
$40.04
$24.16
$34.51
$28.69
$31.25
$26.09
$16.70
$24.91
2010s
1850s
2010s
Average Retail Prices, 1851
Blankets (each)
Bread (kg)
Butter (kg)
Cotton shirts (men's)
Eggs (dozen)
Ground coffee (kg)
Work boots (women's)
$1.25
$0.10
$0.32
$0.56
$0.16
$0.46
$1.88
Retail Prices, 2015 (Ontario/Québec)
1:- http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/demo02a-eng.htm
2:- Pearson - Canadian History 7 p. H179
3:- http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/91-209-x/2013001/article/11787/tbl/tbl4-eng.htm

- http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/91-215-x/2014000/t243-eng.htm
4:- http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/labr69a-eng.htm
5:- http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/labr69a-eng.htm
6:- http://www.walmart.ca/search/blanket

- http://www.numbeo.com/food-prices/country_result.jsp?country=Canada

- http://www.thebay.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/en/thebay/cotton-canada-t-shirt

- http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/econ155a-eng.htm

- http://www.staples.ca/en/McCafe-Premium-Roast-Ground-Coffee-950G-Tin/product_1414227_2-CA_1_20001?kpid=1414227&cid=PS:SBD:GS:n:n:SBD:58:21800&kpid=1414227&gclid=CJ795pr7i8QCFQ8oaQodrzEAhw

- http://www.walmart.ca/search/work%20boots
Blankets (each)
$29.99
Bread (kg)
$5.48 / $6.94
Butter (kg)
$10.06
Cotton shirts (men's)
$19.99
Eggs (dozen)
$3.28 / $3.49
Ground coffee (kg)
Work boots (women's)
$19.99
$99.83
Pearson - Canadian History 7 pp. H178-H183
1850s
2010s
THANKS FOR LISTENING!
1850s
2010s
•The Canadas were not for everyone.
•You had to clear your own land and build your own homes by hand.
•It was extremely important to live in a
house and find a job in order to make a
living and survive the developing country.
•Instead of building your own house, you could just rent or purchase one.
•To cope with Canada's slightly extreme winters, you would need the proper gear and knowledge to deal with it.
•Even though Canada is one of the
wealthiest countries, you still need to work hard to support you and your family.
7:- personal experience as an immigrant
•Wages were low.
•Note that wages for female workers were considerably less than those for males.
•You can see that majority of males worked as farmers or labourers.
•Prices were low.
•You still couldn't buy much if you were working for less than a dollar a day.
Image References:
1:- http://cr-autoservices.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/transparent-group-for-opp-page.png
2:- http://www.philosophy.rutgers.edu/images/diversity02_transparent.gif
3:- http://fla.fg-a.com/boats/sailing-ship-gif-t.gif
4:- http://www.meragenius.com/inc/images/new/transparent_CareerPeople.png
5:- http://33.media.tumblr.com/e34c3cbf1946cfb34d9948e1d5511002/tumblr_msnavd9gS81r1lmcgo1_500.png
6:- http://33.media.tumblr.com/a1b8c0d5cc41a1403e02ba6ef8a0d0a3/tumblr_n4099uyHKp1s26l6mo2_r1_1280.png
7:- http://pngimg.com/upload/horse_PNG2549.png

- http://www.wpclipart.com/working/vehicles/tractor/tractor_large_T.png
Full transcript