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Fiji

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Paul Dickson

on 4 August 2009

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Transcript of Fiji

Fiji Economics of Fiji Government Run Industries -Postal -Telephone/Telegraph -Electricity Generation
and Distrbution -Water Distribution Sugar Industry - Largest foreign exchange
earner for Fiji Gold Mining Industry -Major source of foreign exchange
for Fiji -Copper mining has quickly become a mineral resource mining
opportunity in Fiji -Petroleum drilling ventures have proved unsucessful Fishing Industry -Expanding industry since 1990 -Sport-fishing (above) as well as commercial fishing -Well established Tuna fishing industry Other Industries -Coconut Industry -Timber Industry -Tourism GNP (Gross National Product) GNP is the total output of all nationals of a region

Value of goods produced + Income of citizens abroad - Income of foreigners in the country (in one year) 2.78 billion (2005) Fiji GNP Info Barbados GNP Info Indonesia GNP Info 3278 dollars per capita 282.16 billion (2005) 1279 dollars per capita 2.63 billion (2005) 9741 dollars per capita -Fiji's GNP is close to that of Barbados

-Per Capira, Fiji is better than Indonesia, but worse than Barbados island grouping is located in the south pacific The Republic of Fiji Islands extremely favorable climate extraordinarily beautiful oceanfront resorts the perception is that the country and culture of Fiji is one of tranquility History inhabited by the ancestors of the Polynesians and Melanesians around 3500-1000 BCE. The republic is made up of approximately
320 islands with 87 percent of its population
located on the two largest islands Viti Levu and Vanua Levu The capital of the republic, Suva is located on the leeward side of Viti Levu. Before the islands were colonized by Europeans in 1873,
the population of Viti Levu was divided into two separate
groups coastal and highlands. coastal population was organized by a hierarchy the population of the highlands was more democratically organized During the colonialization, the leeward regions of the two major islands were converted from grasslands to sugarcane plantations. Fiji was colonialized by Europeans, mostly from Australia, New Zealand, and Great Britain. Europeans required laborers to work their plantation fields. Laborers came mostly from India workers were not classified as slaves, they were however, classified as indentured servants. A series of coups and attempted coups in 1987, 2000, and 2006 have led to the relative instability in the Fijian political landscape. Between 1874 and 1970, Fiji was governed by a dual system. One governing body was in charge of the country as a whole, while the other was used for the governance of the indigenous Fijian population. Before colonialization, Fiji was organized into a kingdom of approximately forty chiefdoms, twelve of which experienced most of the Fiji’s political control. In 1874, Great Britain accepted the indigenous self governing body of the “king of Viti” and other chiefs as representation of the indigenous peoples of Fiji. The colonial government was headed by the governor and British authorities, who had direct authority over the republic until 1960, when the government officials became elected rather than appointed. In 1929 the Indo-Fiji population received the right followed by the indigenous Fijian population in 1963. In 1970, Fiji became independent of the British Commonwealth, with a parliamentary democracy. The democracy was ethnically based with twenty-two seat reserved for Fijians, twenty-two seats for Indo-Fijians, and eight seats for other ethnic denominations. These coups result of tensions between the majority indigenous Fijian population and the economically powerful ethnic Indian minority. Demograpy Fiji is a multicultural country, and home to a variety of different ethnic backgrounds was origins that can be traced back to that of Oceanic, European, South and East Asian lineage. Total population 944,720 as of 2008 Fifty-one percent of the population is Fijian Forty-four percent of the population is Indo-Fijian The offical languages of Fiji are: Fijian, Hindi, and English. In public all people of all ethnicities intermingle with ease, however, at home religious and domestic customs cause divisions among the population. Life Expectancy
64 years (Male) & 67 years (Female) Birth Rate
21 per 1000 population Death Rate
7 per 1000 population GDP (Gross domestic Product) GDP is the total output of a region

Value of goods and services produced by a nation in one year 1.83 billion (2002) Fiji GDP Info Barbados GDP Info Indonesia GDP Info 2158 dollars per capita 173 billion (2002) 784 dollars per capita 2.44 billion (2002) 9037 dollars per capita - Fiji's GDP is the lowest of the three in comparison

- On a per capita basis, Fiji is better than Indonesia, but worse than Barbados Currency Stability (FJD) -Currency was stable
up to mid April 2009
-Currency took a drop
due to recession
-Currency has stabilized
at the lower rate
-Indicates that Fiji has a stable currency
both before and after recession
Fiji and Canada Social Customs Social Customs Religion Vital Statistics Life Expectancy
64 years (Male) & 67 years (Female)

Birth Rate
21 per 1000 population

Death Rate
7 per 1000 population
Health -Natural Medicine

-Small, Basic Hospitals
serving low number of people

Family Patterns Men & Women
-non-association

Roles of Men and
Women Economic Performance What makes us the same? What makes us different? Cultural Distinctiveness Social Customs - Instruments include: "Kirtan" - form of ‘call and response’ religion Health Beliefs - Combination of folk healers and plant based medicine INfastructure - 25-35 degrees celsius daily, regulated by ocean currents Family Patterns - Families -two main categories: commoners and gentry - Origin suggests - India - Chanting hymns or mantras with the accompaniment of instruments Mrdanga Pakawaj drum Karatal hand cymbals. Social Customs - Overcome the restraints of the physical world "Kirtan" - form of ‘call and response’ religion - Fire walking - Prove the presence of spirit in one’s body - Kirtan's amplify the power of the spirit http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqgVhvkiqTA&feature=related - Plant extracts used to form compounds - Hot climate and landscape are effevtive environment Saw Palmetto - Consumed on a daily basis by both men and women. - Originaly used for long life and longevity Modern science has confirmed: benefits to the reproductive system,
urinary tract, reduce effect of cancer causing agents. Health Beliefs - Bonabulukau plant is a large leafy shrub only found in Fiji - Used to treat cuts, scraps and open wounds - Enhancing the reproduction rates of the body’s natural cell repair mechanisms - Common for a man and a woman to lead separate lives - Men associate with men
- Women associate with women The role of the woman: Mother, homemaker and an obedient wife.
Tasks include: fishing, weeding gardens, gathering firewood,
cooking and caring for the children WOMEN MEN The role of the men: Breadwinner.
Tasks include clearing land, hunting,
build houses and mow the grass around the house and village - Large amounts of tourism have transformed FIJI into a modern country with
moderm infastructure Fiji Canada ,< Fiji Canada Fiji Canada -Advanced Medicinal
Techniques

-Large Hospitals serving
many people

Fiji Canada Life Expectancy
78 years (Male) & 83 years (Female)

Birth Rate
10 per 1000 population

Death Rate
7 per 1000 population
Fiji Canada Men & Women
-high-association

Roles of Men =
Roles of Women Fiji Canada 2.78 billion (2005) 3278 dollars per capita GNP 1051.9 billion (2005) 32546 dollars per capita GNP 1.83 billion (2002) 2158 dollars per capita GDP 728 billion (2002) 22525 dollars per capita GDP
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