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Galapagos Islands

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Lipeng LOL

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Galapagos Islands

Puerto Villamil
The destination you are going to is the Galapagos islands. The islands are located within Earth, Southern Hemisphere, South America, Republic of Ecuador(in the pacific ocean). The islands play a part in being a province, national park and marine reserve
Departure From Toronto, Pearson to Baltra Island Round(1x Adult): Round(2x Adults)
$1509.70 CA $3241.33 CA

Flight Time(Toronto):
Appox: 24h 15m
BY: Louie and Lipeng
Le Tour De Galapagos Islands
The coordinates of the Galapagos are 1°40'N–1°36'S, 89°16'–92°01'W.
Various Islands have different features
Baltra Island: The island is very small, flat and arid. The island is also deserted and has a lack of vegetation.
Climate graph
Santa Fe Island: This island has weathered cliffs along the coast and the maximum altitude is 259 m
Rábida Island: With the high Iron content within the lava gives the island a reddish color. There are volcanic craters and cliffs within the island
Isabela Island: The Largest island is shaped like a seahorse by 6 volcanoes that had merged into a single mass of land. The highest point is 1,707 m
The typical vegetation type of the coasts is evergreen, though that is not always the case as the vegetation does change with the type of coast. So we will focus on the main vegetation found on most of the islands.
Activities and Attractions
What to do in one of the most distinguished islands with a few of the most diverse animal species?
The Galapagos are generally islands, so you will have to trek through the ocean to island-hop. The sea around the islands are not very rough, making it an ideal area for a cruise.
Wildlife Viewing:
The Islands are home to a very diverse number of species, but the season and time you choose to watch them in will make a difference in the variety and species you see.
Blue-Footed Booby
Another thing you can do around the Galapagos is to go diving. The water around the islands is one of the cleanest and healthiest marine environments. This choice is not an ideal activity for beginners, the water around the islands have currents, cold water, sometimes poor visibility and depths. Even so, if you are to go diving, you will be faced with the most amazing variations of sea life. A good time to go diving would be around July-November when schools of sharks (hammerhead sharks and whale sharks) are around
Activities and Attractions Part 2
The Galapagos islands have excellent waves and when you have waves, you have surfing! Surfing is so very popular around the islands that the locals make it a daily activity. The beaches that allow surfing are in San Cristobal, Santa Cruz and Isabela.
World Map
As mentioned before, the sea and marine life of the Galapagos is rich and lively, so why not take the opportunity and observe the diversity up close? And how are we to do that? By snorkeling of course! It allows you enjoy the wonders of the sea. Though as always, the area in which you do your activity will give you different results. The older islands have significantly colder water temperatures. Bring sunscreen and a water-proof camera)
As always, this activity takes the advantage of the water in the area. You can rent kayaks at Santa Cruz and San Cristobal. Kayaking allows you to visit nearby beaches without having to board a humongous ferry. Fish and turtles can be seen as you paddle along the coastline.
Hiking and Biking:
Hiking and biking can help you learn about the terrain, landforms and vegetation of the island. There are tours for the hikers and biking allow you to travel to far sites away from ports. The only downfall of these two exciting and educational activities is that you will see less wildlife.
Cost of Your Flight
The 7 most important to least important factors of Galapagos:
1. Latitude: This is one of the most important factors of the islands because many of them are close to the equator where the sun's rays are fairly concentrated. That makes the Galapagos Islands very hot! The weather and climate is also very moist and/or humid.
2. Bodies of water: This of course is one of the most important climate factors affecting the Galapagos. Being a chain of islands in the ocean, Baltra island, San Cristóbal Island and so on, the ocean is cooler in the summer while the ice melts in the spring, that creates little cool breezes that can become great big winds. That cools the island and mixed with the moisture in the air, it often rains in the Galapagos
3. Ocean Currents: This is also one of the main factors because of the many large bodies of water around the island. Many ocean currents are picked up by the wind which makes the land very moist. Also the ocean currents create condensation, which over time create rain clouds. In the end the rain falls so the islands are often humid or moist depending on which island you're on
Continuation Analysis
4. Altitude: There may not be a lot of high level elevation compared to lands that have a lot of rocky roads or mountains, but the altitude still plays a big part in the Islands climate and environment. Having around 1200 meters above sea level gives just enough altitude for air to go over the mountain tops and cool down to the point where rain clouds are formed. Rain then comes down when the cloud collects enough moisture
5. Mountain Barriers: As I was talking about altitude, the the 4th most important factor that controls the climate and environment. Altitude ties in a lot with mountain barriers. The higher elevation of land there are, the more mountain barriers can be found (usually). The mountain barriers take in the ocean currents and wind and turns it in to rain clouds, that's because of the temperature of the air and the moisture in it that freezes
6. Wind Systems: The wind system is not a great climate factor because the Galapagos is close to the equator where not a lot of wind forms. The Galapagos islands are pretty calm and usually have great air/breezes and as rain! Galapagos Islands have usually calm breezes and sometimes unusually great big wind masses with a very high chance of rain.
7. Air masses: This is not a very big climate factor for the Galapagos, but on the other hand it's still a factor that plays a part in the climate of the island. The only reason air masses isn't such a big factor is because the wind systems that creates wind for the islands create very gentle breezes unlike places such as Tornado town/ally where the air masses play a great part in the climate there, since the air masses are more often seen and heard about because the air masses create these conditions such as tornadoes and hurricanes. Unlike the Galapagos island which has gentle breezes and rarely strong winds.
History of Galapagos
European discovery of the Galapagos Islands occurred when Spaniard Fray Tomás de Berlanga, the fourth Bishop of Panama, sailed to Peru to settle a dispute between Francisco Pizarro. De Berlanga's vessel drifted off course when the winds diminished, and his party reached the islands on 10 March 1535. According to a 1952 study by Thor Heyerdahl and Arne Skjølsvold, remains potsherds and other artifacts from several sites on the islands suggest visitation by South American peoples prior to the arrival of the Spanish. However, no remains of graves, ceremonial vessels and constructions have ever been found, suggesting no permanent settlement occurred at the time.
The Galapagos Islands first appeared on the maps, of Gerardus Mercator and Abraham Ortelius, in about 1570. The islands were named "Insulae de los Galopegos" (Islands of the Tortoises) in reference to the giant tortoises found there.
Thanks for Taking Your Time Out Of Your Life To Listen To Our Tour/Presentation Of The Galapagos Island! We Hope you Had The Time Of Your Life And We Also Hope You Learned Something Today! ~ Your Tour Guides (Lipeng & Louie)
Ecuador annexed the Galapagos Islands on 12 February 1832, naming them the Archipelago of Ecuador. This new name added to several names that had been, and are still, used to refer to the archipelago. The first governor of Galapagos, General José de Villamil, brought a group of convicts to populate the island of Floreana, and in October 1832, some artisans and farmers joined them.
José Valdizán and Manuel Julián Cobos tried a new colonization, beginning the exploitation of a type of lichen found in the islands (Roccella portentosa) used as a coloring agent. After the assassination of Valdizán by some of his workers, Cobos brought from the continent a group of more than a hundred workers to San Cristóbal Island, and tried his luck at planting sugar cane. He ruled his plantation with an iron hand, which led to his assassination in 1904. In 1897, Antonio Gil began another plantation on Isabela Island.
For a long time during the early 1900s and at least through 1929, a cash strapped Ecuador had reached out for potential buyers of the islands to alleviate financial troubles at home. The US had repeatedly expressed its interest in buying the islands for military use as they were positioned strategically guarding the Panama Canal.
In Depth History
It comes as little surprise that there are only about 600 indigenous plant species in Galapagos. The archipelago has a relatively small land area to begin with about 3,000 square miles.
About 600 plants live in the Galapagos, but there are some plants that can't be found anywhere in the world other that the Galapagos such as the Mangrove, they come in various different colors, Black, Yellow, and so on. These plants aren't used very often but because of their looks and rarity it's often used for special occasions. The fertile land in Galapagos support many of these magnificent plants. Many of these plants are exported to the east for weddings
The other rare plant is the Beach Morning Glory. And as it name gives it away the beaches on the Galapagos are just dry enough to support these plants unlike any other parts of the world.
The Salt Bush is a sprawling shrub, which often forms dense thickets along shorelines perfect for frigate bird and pelican nesting sites. Some of the Guides will call it "" "Cryptocarpus", part of its Latin (scientific) name. This plant is only found on Isabela island and is one of the natural ways the Galapagos obtain salt, other than importing it from the main land.
As you can see from the climate graph, the temperature of the Galapagos doesn't really change throughout the year. Since it is near the equator. But there is a huge rise of precipitation in the of Jan-May.
With warm temperatures all year round, and and a proper amount of precipitation, it means that the ecosystem of the Galapagos have a very high number of different species that will thrive in the perfect conditions.
A short list of a few of the many Galapagos landmarks
Pinnacle Rock can be found on Bartolome Island, a Galapagos landmark made famous in the film “Master and Commander
A significant Galapagos landmark on Santa Cruz is the Charles Darwin Station. While visiting this vital research facility, visitors can learn Galapagos historical information and current scientific projects undertaken by the scientists who study there.
Fernandina Island provides additional Galapagos landmarks. First, this island has the volcano with the most recent eruption, last erupting in 1995. Additionally, the panoramic views on Fernandina are stunning, revealing amazing volcanic landscapes.
San Cristobal has the only fresh water lagoon, Galapagos El Junco Lagoon, of all the islands. It is surrounded by numerous endemic trees and ferns. Plus, San Cristobal is home to large bird populations, the Galapagos mockingbird and numerous species among them.
Marine iguanas are included in the Galapagos Islands Attractions category since they are not found anywhere else on earth. The largest colony of marine iguanas live on Isabela Island. They number in the thousands.
Strengths and weakness of Galapagos
The time of your departure is at 10:00 sharp, but you have to be there one hour early. You will be riding our sponsor AirCanada air lines. Your departure date is at July 24 and your return date will be at August 4 or 5 depending on if or if not there's technical difficulties that would delay your flight
The Galapagos islands are protected, So not a lot of farms are within there. Though, the islands with farms do grow organic produce. One of the main ways they get money is tourism.
As mentioned before, as the islands have a large variation of plants and flowers, one export are flowers. These flowers are used in weddings and other purposes.
Beef. Beef is also a huge export from the islands, cattle from San Cristobal is sold organically and disease free.
Puerta Finca, an organic farm within the Galapagos, grow coffee, plantains, bamboo, and a strain of tree tomato. Though one of the biggest operations is coffee. 5000 pounds of organic coffee is harvested from the little farm every year.
The Galapagos is a great place for sightseeing and is a great resort with many interesting things and places spread over all the islands. Many animals and plants that can't be found anywhere else in the world are there, making the islands a great place for people who are nature lovers, people who are looking for an adventure and want to explore things, or even who are just looking for something cute to look at and pet! The Galapagos also has a high average temperature so for those who like their summers fairly hot, then the islands are definitely your destination to go to.
On the other hand this island also has it's downfalls. One of the downfalls is that the islands aren't just islands with many animals and plants, it's also a great place for BUGS to thrive on, especially during the summer months! So come prepared. The Galapagos is also very humid and hot so if you can't stand the heat, then the Galapagos isn't for you.
The Galapagos are far away from any big industrialized country. Therefore, the island lacks fuel, gasoline and goods. Other crops are also imported into the islands
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