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Extreme Environment Space

By Anna Angela Jehu Aayush
by

black cats

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of Extreme Environment Space

Exploring Space
By Anna, Angela, Jehu, amd Aayush Extreme Environments What are the challenges we face when exploring space? How would you survive in space?
What specific equipments/technology would you need? What is space made up of? What kind of knowledge can you obtain from exploring space? Bibliography What do you think you would need to survive in dark
space? Do you think it will be safe if you go to space without a
spacesuit? Do you know what will happen if you eat cookies in a spacecraft? Let's go and find out the answers to our questions!
We will go to other planets and look for important things we need to survive in extreme space! Introduction:
Space is like a big bag occupied by many different items for us to discover. Although no living thing other than life on Earth has been encountered, there are still many hidden pockets to be found. www.nasa.gov
solarsystem.nasa.gov
science.nationalgeographic.com
space-facts.com
www.kidsastronomy.com Question: What makes this environment “extreme"
Space is an extreme environment because there no water, food, and oxygen, we could die in many ways if you don’t have technology. It’s not funny that you could be breathless ,and wonder in space. Temperatures in space can be 100 degrees below 0 which I will tell you in the next paragraph. There is gravity in space but in space the gravity makes you weightless ,and in earth you have weight. when you are in space the gravity controls you as you wander into nothingness. Space is like a vacuum you could say because space sucks up all the air. Fun Fact :
Space is like a big vacuum sucking up the air TEMPATURE IN SPACE Like I said The temperature is really super cold it can be 100 degrees below 0 or even more! Did you know when you go to space you wear a helmet. 1 of the reasons why you wear the helmet because it can block sunlight from the sun. So if you didn’t have a helmet you would melt like you're in a volcano! Space suits and helmets
In space, astronauts need to wear space suits. The reason why they wear spacesuit is because there is no air to breath which is essential for humans. Also there is no air pressure and space is extremely cold. Space is filled with radiation. Space suits are made to protect astronauts, and space suits can't use normal air so 78% is nitrogen, 21% is oxygen, and 1% is other gases. Why can’t they use normal air? The reason is because low pressure can cause low oxygen in your blood and lungs. Their are also helmets that are made of clear plastic or durable polycarbonate. Polycarbonate is a tough plastic. Also most helmets have coverings to reflect the sunlight, and space suits have radio receivers to talk with ground controllers and other astronauts. Often when you look up into the sky at night you see a game of connect the dots! These are called constellations. Constellations are a group of stars that make up a picture. For example the Big Dipper, and Little Dipper, (Ursa Major and Ursa Minor) are shaped like a water gourd. Food and Water Like on Earth, you need food and water in space too. Our body is mainly water and our brain is 95% all water. So you will need food and water in space. Do you know what will happen if you eat cookies while you are in a spacecraft that is in space? The crumbs will float all over and make a big mess. Also it can damage the equipment and it will make a disaster. So Canadian scientist Ted Farnworth invent small cookies called Canasnaks. It is made of oats and blueberry, cranberrry or maple. Where is this extreme environment located? Space is located everywhere. Space is all around planets and the entire universe is space! Space is located above the Earth’s atmosphere. Heres a fact! Did you know that that Earth is located in the solar system? and that the solar system is located in the universe and the universe is located in Space!!! Planets Jupiter is a huge gas planet. It's atmosphere is made up of hydrogen and helium gas, and is covered in red, white, yellow, and brown clouds. Saturn is also a gas planet like Jupiter, although it is the only planet in the solar system less dense than water, so it would float on top of it rather than sink! Venus is a scorching hot planet that reaches temperatures high enough to melt led! It is covered in thick clouds, mountains, volcanoes, lava plains, and craters. Venus would not be an ideal place to live for the air is hot, thick, and hard to breathe. The weight of Venus's atmosphere would crush you. Uranus is a gas planet layered in bright clouds.The reason why Uranus has a blue green look is because the methane gas absorbs the all red colour leaving all the blue. When Mercury passes in front of the sun it is called a transit. This planet has no atmosphere to contain heat so the temperature of the planet drastically changes between night and day. Sometimes it can get up to 800 degrees fahrenheit in the day. Rather than an atmosphere, Mercury has a exosphere made up of micrometeorites and atoms blasted of the surface of the planet by solarwinds. Neptune is a cold, dark, hydrogen and helium gas planet. Like Uranus, methane gas absorbs the red colour, leaving a blue planet, whipped by supersonic winds. Earth has you know is a luxurious planet for humans and their fellow companions. We all share the need for oxygen, water, or warmth, and Earth provides all of the above. The largest object in our solar system front and center is the Sun. The core of this giant ball of ferocious flames can reach up to 27 million degrees fahrenheit. Mars is a dry, barren planet, covered in volcanoes, and impact craters from meteors falling from space. By Anna Saturn Water Saturn is less dense than water! Food Quiz: What did Canadian scientist Ted Farnworth invent? Hint: cookies Canasnacks is made with oats and
Maple, blueberry or cranberry. Helmet Quiz:What is the covering of a space helmet made of? Hint: Something that we see almost every day. What specific equipment/technology would you need to survive in space? What specific equipment/technology would you need to survive in space?
In space, explorers need to use tools and scientific equipment, so they will use robots to carry it. These robots will also act like pathfinders and they will collect samples from places too far or too dangerous for humans to explore. robots What specific equipment/technology would you need to survive in space? Stars There are billions of luminous stars in space wherever the eye can see! Stars are basically a sphere of plasma, formed by gravity pulling clumps of mostly hydrogen atoms, and some helium atoms together. When atoms bump together and turn into one is called a nuclear fusion! Lots of electrons together are what make a star hot and bright. Some stars can reach 1 million degrees celsius. The North Star always points north, and is the brightest star in the sky! Black Holes Black holes are made up of former remnants of stars. Black holes are the vacuumes of space, for they suck up anything that gets close enough to it. There gravitational pull is so strong that nothing can resist it. The event horizon is when something gets to close that it is certain it will be swallowed, unless it is traveling the speed of light. Black holes are usually small and dark. Galaxies There are 3 types of galaxies Elliptical Galaxy Irregular Galaxy Spiral Galaxy All galaxies are held together by gravity, and may have a black hole at the center. Galaxies are composed of stars, dust, and dark matter. Our galaxy,
The Milky Way is a Spiral Galaxy. Spiral Galaxies are often brighter than other galaxies because they have younger stars, that are hot and bright. Mostly made up of older stars created long ago. In an Elliptical galaxy most of the stars are clumped together in the middle of the galaxy, making the center really bright rather than spread throughout the galaxy. Elliptical Galaxies are usually smaller in size. Irregular Galaxies are galaxies that have characteristics of nor Spiral, or Elliptical, and Can look like anything. May have been one of the other two galaxies and crashed into another galaxy. May have formed into an Irregular Galaxy. Mostly made of new stars because their spiraling arms cause new stars to form. Meteors Meteors, are what you refere to has as shooting stars! When you see a meteor, it's because it left a trail of vapor. The reason why you never see a shooting star for long is because the gases in the vapor cool quickly. Meteors are made of bits of rock, like: granite, iron, and nickel. Space Debris Also known as: space junk, orbit debris, and space waste. What is space debris made of?
- inactive sattilites
- shards of space crafts
- nuts, and bolts
- collision fragments
- spent rocket stages
- could come from meteors, astroids, and comets Why should we clean up space?
- space junk could damage our sattilites
- could damage expensive space crafts coming back from earth Whats stopping us from cleaning up space?
- expensive opperation
- objects are likely spinning, and not ment to be grabbed
- what do we do with the space junk once we have it? We Learn many things! Do aliens exist? Two possibilities for alien life in space 1. Water is in our Solar System, too! 2. Many evidences that Images
https://www.google.ca/search?q=spacesuits&safe=active&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=q2x9Uf75JoiiiQLDv4GICg&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=620#imgrc=3zz_7cNZ1q40JM%3A%3B0kafrn1g7lHf2M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fmfareview.files.wordpress.com%252F2011%252F07%252Fspacesuit1.jpeg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fmfareview.wordpress.com%252F2011%252F07%252F29%252Fthe-real-sputnik-shuffle-reflections-on-the-apollo-spacesuit%252F%3B1500%3B1018

https://www.google.ca/search?q=nasa+space+helmets&safe=active&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=S299Ub_WI6WqiALy34HAAg&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=620#imgrc=oZ2brLkSebT7lM%3A%3BBThcRVBhNBA8DM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.astrolab.be%252Feducatief%252Ffotos%252FNASA%252FSpace%252520Shuttle%252FSTS-114%252FNASA%252520-%252520STS-114%252520Astronaut%252520helmet%252520during%252520EVA%252520%2820050730%252520-%252520sts114-323-007%29.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcohesion.astrolab.be%252Fastrolab%252Fdetail%253Fobject_type%253Dcoh_document%2526object_id%253D16301%3B2976%3B1956


http://www.google.ca/search?q=canasnack&safe=active&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=KOF-UfazIsa6iwKYrIHACQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=634#imgrc=ZbEysEZCZzJ3cM%3A%3BzU2w3qEHrnVz4M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcollectspace.com%252Freview%252Fsts118_canasnack01.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.collectspace.com%252Fubb%252FForum14%252FHTML%252F000591.html%3B500%3B375

http://www.google.ca/search?q=canasnack&safe=active&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=KOF-UfazIsa6iwKYrIHACQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=634#imgrc=sAxkchPlA2zF9M%3A%3BCLnFOwuhEiPVAM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.nationalreviewofmedicine.com%252Fimages%252Fissue%252F2007%252Fsep15%252F4_Canasnack_15.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.nationalreviewofmedicine.com%252Fissue%252F2007%252F09_15%252F4_patients_practice07_15.html%3B180%3B165


https://www.google.ca/search?q=space+food&safe=active&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=U-2BUZ_YGuaWiALu3IHwBA&sqi=2&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=620#imgrc=atngPAy-D-uIsM%3A%3BIVIl5io9m3i08M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcdn.zmescience.com%252Fwp-content%252Fuploads%252F2012%252F02%252Fspace-food.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.zmescience.com%252Fspace%252Fnasa-volunteer-mars-space-food-menu-052384%252F%3B516%3B387


https://www.google.ca/search?q=space+food&safe=active&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=U-2BUZ_YGuaWiALu3IHwBA&sqi=2&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=620#safe=active&hl=en&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=space+robots+carrying+equipments&oq=space+robots+carrying+equipments&gs_l=img.3...4677.18127.2.18315.34.27.7.0.0.0.230.4234.1j23j3.27.0...0.0...1c.1.12.img.rXOtZORl6pY&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.45960087,d.cGE&fp=23f338269ba5121d&biw=1366&bih=620&imgrc=YNpIBFRRq2_W4M%3A%3BCzcTtZBK8UV4jM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.asc-csa.gc.ca%252Fimages%252Fmedia%252Fdocuments_info%252F2012%252F1019-rex.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.asc-csa.gc.ca%252Feng%252Fmedia%252Fbackgrounders%252F2012%252F1019.asp%3B944%3B797


https://www.google.ca/search?q=space+food&safe=active&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=U-2BUZ_YGuaWiALu3IHwBA&sqi=2&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=620#safe=active&hl=en&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=space+robots+in+mars&oq=space+robots+in+mars&gs_l=img.3...130400.146545.0.146759.42.30.3.1.2.4.173.1661.23j4.27.0...0.0...1c.1.12.img.bYk74qbjcQw&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&fp=24403ffd129c613c&biw=1280&bih=634&imgrc=k_LEgmKTq4GfYM%3A%3B_qU9RDATavmYCM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcsatweb.csatolna.hu%252Ftagok%252Fcsa%252Fmars%252Frover.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fstuartrobotics.blogspot.com%252F2007%252F07%252F4-types-of-robots.html%3B1024%3B768 Extreme canadian inventions by Antony Di Nardo

http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_kids/AskKids/spacesuit.shtml

http://www.howstuffworks.com/space-suit1.htm

http://www.ehow.com/about_5108813_supplies-need-survive-space.html

http://www.isset.org/nasa/tss/aerospacescholars.org/scholars/earthmars/unit5/mars_suits_and_tools.htm






(1) http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/whyweexplore/why_we_explore_main.html
(2) http://www.airspacemag.com/space-exploration/Uncommentary.html
(3) http://earthsky.org/space/ten-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-solar-system
(4) http://www.europlanet-eu.org/project/5-why/14-why
(5) Nelson Literacy- In to the unknown page. 123
(6) http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/space.html
(7)http://www.google.co.kr/imgres?newwindow=1&sa=X&biw=1280&bih=853&tbm=isch&tbnid=D-eH2wP1t2M9qM:&imgrefurl=http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/solarsystem/collections/space_exploration&docid=nlUffzxzGQylVM&imgurl=http://static.bbc.co.uk/solarsystem/img/ic/640/collections/space_exploration/space_exploration_large.jpg&w=640&h=395&ei=GnOCUey_Def7igLSyIGABA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=947&vpy=400&dur=13234&hovh=176&hovw=286&tx=71&ty=192&page=3&tbnh=146&tbnw=234&start=62&ndsp=33&ved=1t:429,r:78,s:0,i:321
(8)http://www.google.co.kr/imgres?newwindow=1&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=m4fEblvQ74bqvM:&imgrefurl=http://stillsound.wordpress.com/2012/04/17/unicorn-kid-pure-space-8/&docid=zVbcdyW2GEEt1M&imgurl=http://stillsound.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/outer-space-stars.jpeg&w=1600&h=1200&ei=TniCUdSaEofhiwK75ICoCQ&zoom=1&biw=1280&bih=853&iact=rc&dur=94&page=1&tbnh=143&tbnw=192&start=0&ndsp=29&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:84&tx=156&ty=56 Robot Quiz: What does a robot do in space? Who believe that there are aliens in space? aliens are exist. Thank You! Angela, Anna, Aayush and Jehu JehuKim Space exploration brings valuable new discoveries everyday. For example, when we go to the museum we can see some rocks from other planets like Mars or Jupitar. We can learn many things from those new resources. Also, we can study and analyze space like Neil Armstrong. He studied the moon from exploring space. From that now, we know about moon! What is moon? and Where is it? Next, we can study other planets that human can live when the earth fall. For example, if our planet destroyed because of the global warming or other reasons, we can move to other planets to survive, so knowing which planets that human can survive is good. Also, we can learn more about our planet, the earth. For example, we can guess why did earth emerge? From exploring space, England's National Geograpic company guessed why earth emerged and broadcast to people. What can we learn and good things from exploring space. Rocks from MOON! Learn lots of things by travelling through space Not only astronauts, but scientists can learn something from traveling through Space. What is ‘something’? Scientists have to study how to make a stucture for traveling through Space, and study effects of living in space so astronausts can travel to many moons in one day. Rocks in Mars!
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