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Gilgamesh vs Odysseus

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Ashley Hubbard

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Gilgamesh vs Odysseus

The Journey of Gilgamesh vs the Journey of Odysseus Similarities The lessons learned Odysseus Gilgamesh Differences History of Gilgamesh: King of Uruk, great city of Mesopotamia
Born 2/3 divinity, 1/3 human
Ruled his city with an iron fist: working his people to death and sleeping with all the women
His people beg the gods for a savior and the gods give them Enkidu
To test his strength and courage, Gilgamesh and Enkidu set out to slay Humbaba
Gilgamesh has too much hubris and insults a goddess, this leads to his death. City of Uruk Characteristics of Gilgamesh: Physically strong
Has a lot of pride
Rules his city with an iron fist
Courageous
Solves problems with brute force
Loyal to Enkidu
At the end of the journey, learns from his mistakes Journey History of Odysseus:
He is King of Ithaca, coast of the Mediterranean Sea a hero from the Trojan War, he is trying to return home from the war.
He is unlucky in his decision making skills and now cannot return home to Ithaca
He insults a god and now must face the burden of his decision Characteristics of Odysseus: He is very clever and uses his wits to get what he desires
Has a lot of pride
Wants glory for himself
Desires to return home The story: Odysseus and his crew land their ship on the land of the Cyclopes. In search of adventure they enter uninvited into the cave of one of the Cyclope's. They completely make themselves at home in the cave and once the Cyclopes returns he finds his home in disarray. Angrily, he eats a few of the crew members, he is hungry and they entered into his cave uninvited. This enraged Odysseus who feels the loss of his men is a personal insult to his manliness as a captain. Using his wits, Odysseus decides to get the Cyclopes drunk and play a few cruel tricks on him. Odysseus pokes out the and only eye of the Cyclopes, and safely escapes along with his men under the beloved sheep of the now blind and enraged Cyclopes. In his pride of the glorious escape, Odysseus yells that his name is "Odysseus" and this minute of folly enrages the father of the Cyclopes, the god Poseidon. He is angry and Odysseus is cursed. What does this story say about Odysseus? He is clever using his wits to call himself "NoMan", getting the Cyclopes drunk and escaping under the sheep
He is in search of glory, in the end he had to have his presence known. As he sails away he says his name is Odysseus.
He is loyal to his crew, and has their best interest in mind as he gets them out of reckless situations. Both are in search of the meaning of life Both want glory and everlasting fame: they want their name to last for eternity. Mortality vs Immortality Odysseus- mortal, he even rejects an offer to become immortal. He is a human.
Gilgamesh- semi-immortal. He is part human and part god. This makes him question his fate. Both insulted a god and had to face the consequences. Gilgamesh- Ishtar
Odysseus-Poseidon Both stories also describe the interference of certain Gods who have encouraged, assisted, or push the two heroes about the courses they should take in regard to the relatively insignificant human beings. Gilgamesh Gilgamesh is eventually convinced that immortality is
something reserved for the Gods only. With his little mortal
parentage, he must die and that he should, therefore, take pleasure and pride in what is best about life rather than worrying about living forever. Odysseus Odysseus is intent on restoring order by returning home and in doing so, he makes the best of his moral life, accepting fate and eventually death. The story: Gilgamesh is the king of the city of Uruk. He rules his city with force and the people plead for a savior to come. The gods give the people of Uruk, Enkidu. Gilgamesh and Enkidu soon become best friends and set out to defeat the great Humbaba. They seek eternal glory and fame. Both fight the guardian of the Cedar forest. Humbaba is strong but these are men with brute force and sheer will. They defeat Humbaba but Enkidu is wounded in the process. Gilgamesh is emotionally drained and mourns the loss of his great friend. After this encounter Gilgamesh sets out to find some way to return his friend and learns about mortality. Gilgamesh is forever changed. What does this story say about Gilgamesh? This story shows that Gilgamesh may act tough for his people but when he loves someone, as he did with Enkidu, he will literally go to the ends of the earth to bring them back.
Gilgamesh also portrays his strength and power here as he battles Humbaba. Wit vs. Strength Odysseus- wit, uses his wit to get out of the confrontation with the Cyclopes
Gilgamesh- strength, literally fights Humbaba in a show of power and muscle.
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