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Adult Learning

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Jessica Chang

on 6 August 2013

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Transcript of Adult Learning

What is Adult
Learning Theory?

"Tell me and I will forget.
Show me and I may remember.
Involve me and I will understand.”

- Chinese Proverb
Pedagogy is the art and science of teaching learning (applied to both children and adults, but primarily aimed towards children)

A Brief Overview of
Adult Education
Jessica Chang, ITLS 6720
Andragogy is

Andragogy is
Lindeman's Key Assumptions About
Adult Learning
Learners are self directed and autonomous
6 Factors of
"Andragogy is the art and science of helping adults learn … based on certain crucial assumptions about the differences between children and adult as learners." (Knowles, 1968)
Orientation to Learning
Key Figures in Adult Education
Knowles's Key
Assumptions About
Adult Learning
Pedagogy is
-based learning.

Pedagogy is
Eduard C. Lindeman
(May 9, 1885 - April 13, 1953)

An American educator, notable for his pioneering contributions in adult education. He introduced many concepts of modern adult education in his book,

Meaning of Adult Education
(August 24, 1913 - November 27, 1997)

One of the most influential figures in the field of Adult Education in the U.S., Knowles is known as the "Father of Adult Learning Theory." He reintroduced the term "andragogy" and wrote many prominent works including, but not limited to:
Malcolm S. Knowles
Learner's experience is a rich resource
Readiness to Learn
Learner's experience is a rich resource
Learning experiences based on social roles and life situations
Motivation for Learning
Adult learners are goal-oriented and intrinsically motivated
Learning is problem based and applicable
Alexander Kapp
German editor who originally introduced the term "andragogy" in 1833. (Andra- meaning "man.") Kapp used the term to describe certain elements of Plato's theory regarding education.

Informal Adult Education (1950)
The Adult Learner. A Neglected Species (1973)
Self-Directed Learning: A guide for learners and teachers (1975)
The Modern Practice of Adult Learners : From Pedagogy to Andragogy (1980)
Andragogy in Action: Applying modern principles of adult education (1984)
Using Learning Contracts (1986)
"My strength lies in creating
opportunities for helping individuals
become more proficient practitioners."
(Knowles, 1989)
Adults are motivated to learn as they experience needs and interests that learning will satisfy.
Adults’ orientation to learning is life-centered.
Experience is the richest source for adult’s learning.
Adults have a deep need to be self-directing.
Individual differences among people increase with age.
develop social

Knowles, M. S. (1968). Andragogy, not pedagogy. Adult Leadership, 16(10), 350–352, 386.

Knowles, M. S. (1989). The making of an adult educator: An autobiographical journey. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Knowles, M.S. (1980). The modern practice of adult education: from pedagogy to andragogy. New York: Cambridge Books.

Knowles, M. S., Holton, E. F., & Swanson, R.A. (1998). A theory of adult learning: Andragogy. In The adult learner: The definitive classic in adult education and human resource development (5th ed., pp. 35-72). Woburn: Butterworth Heinemann.

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