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CHAPTER 3 SUMMARY - AGE OF EXPLORATION
Transcript of CHAPTER 3 SUMMARY - AGE OF EXPLORATION
improve navigation. Portuguese explorers (Dias and da Gama) accidently found and then used the sea route between Europe and Asia (China and India). This route was thousands of miles longer than the land route, but it was faster and easier to use. The European kings and queens sent explorers on expeditions to the "New World". They were hoping explorers would find gold and other riches. Wealth meant more power and influence. Hernan Cortes from Spain led an expedition to Mexico. He befriended the Aztec ruler Moctezuma. Later Moctezuma realized Cortes only wanted the Aztec riches. Eventually Cortes and his army defeated the Aztecs. The region became known as New Spain. Not long after Cortes defeated the Aztecs, Francisco Pizarro defeated the Incas of South America. Another influential explorer of this era is Juan Ponce de Leon who landed in Florida while searching for the Fountain of Youth. De Soto of Spain, further explored North America learning alot about the Mississippi River valley. Due to the Spanish exploration of North America during the 1500's, much of southwest North America and Mexico became known as New Spain. The king and queen of Spain wanted to spread Catholicism throughout New Spain so they paid explorers, missionaries, and early settlers to build missions. They hoped this would strenghthen their rule in the new world. As other European countries started to come to North America to explore this new land, the Spanish became upset. TheSpanish did not want to share the land or resources in this new land. To protect their newly claimed land, the Spanish built forts called presidios in North America. The first was built in St. Augustine, Florida in 1565. Before the year 1500 there was almost no contact between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. There was not much gold to be found in North America, but farming proved to be a successful activity. Haciendas were built. Europeans learned of the trading in Africa. They were interested in getting the gold and salt and other riches from North Africa, China, and India. Haciendas led to successful farming and the establishment of the Columbian exchange. This exchange sent potatoes, tomatoes, beans, peppers, squash, and cacoa to Europe. Unfortunately, it also brought diseases to North America that killed many native groups. the end Other explorers to know:
Columbus - wanted to sail west from Europe to reach Asia.
Magellan - wanted to sail west around the Americas circumnavigating the Earth. He is credited with naming the Pacific Ocean.