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Crowded Coasts

AS level Geography Unit 2
by

Doug Turner

on 31 December 2012

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Transcript of Crowded Coasts

Crowded Coasts What Factors Shape the
Coastline? Investigating Coastal
Development Methodology Exam Review Opportunities and
Challenges Geographical Features
of interest. Physical Geography Case Study: Benidorm's rapid growth. Human Geography Why is the Coastal Zone so
Attractive to Developers Rapid Coastal Population Growth is Down to:
Flat Land
Fertile Soil
Equable Climate
Biodiversity
Recreation
Fishing
Industrial Development
Accessibility Coasts were attractive to Empires that held many colonies. Such as Great Britain in Asia and the Caribbean.
Australia have a very obvious coastal population. 75% of the population of the USA live with 100km of the coast. China has recently shown rapid coastal migration.
This migration in developing countries is more for employment than in Western Countries.
Some of the worlds largest cites are coastal On Spain's Costa Blanca.
Major destination for European holidaymakers.
4million+ tourists/year
1950 quiet fishing/wine village, pop. 2,726. Local Economy
Disease in vines and fish catches declined forced changes.
Solution = package holidays.
At present pop. close to 70,000, rise to 500,000+ in summer.
Theme parks, nightlife and water sports developed to keep tourists coming and paying.
Some holidaymakers decide to find different kinds of holidays in different destinations after 60 years. Always confrontation between preserving ecosystems, local lifestyle, employment, tourism, recreation etc. with Coastal Development.
Often Environmental & Social costs vs. Economic Benefits. Fieldwork & Research looks at how contrasting coasts have developed over time.
Primary data should be collected from a UK resort.
Research should be gained through case study investigations of foreign destination. Florida is a good choice.
Fieldwork for Plymouth or Torbay should include:
Research methods to complement this work are: Competition for Coasts In order to look at how natural
factors create features,
development opportunities
and impact valuable environments
you have to focus on either the world, globally, or one specific coastal area. Geological impact of attractive coastal scenery e.g. Dorset's Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site.
Upland coastlines providing sheltered inlets/ natural harbors e.g. Sydney
Maps of estuaries and their hinterlands allowing easy transport. e.g. Rotterdam or Shanghai.
Value of coastal ecosystems e.g. Caribbean mangroves and Reefs.
Beaches and attractive climates causing great potential for tourism e.g. Cuba or Florida.
River flood plains, deltas and inshore ares that provide valuable resources for fishing/ farming. Enough to support large urban growth e.g. Nile delta or Cairo. Tip: Investigate the growth
and economic development
of one coastal resort Tip: Focus on small
stretch of coastline for
case study - classifying and mapping tourist attractions and facilities
- carrying out age-of-building surveys to show spatial pattern of resorts growth.
-Completing a visitor survey using interviews. questionnaires {try to research this.}
- carrying out ped., traffic flow, and car-park surveys during peak holiday times and out of season.
-using a transect from the shore inland to reveal changing patterns
-using large scale OS maps to make fieldwork base maps.
- changing population census data or records from local publications.
- old maps of resort growth {old-maps.co.uk}
- images from Google Maps
- historic photographs e.g. postcards
- local newspaper archives recording past events and developments
Such land use patterns can be disturbed by things such as: In order to look at how natural
factors create features,
development opportunities
and impact valuable environments
you have to focus on either the world, globally, or one specific coastal area. Tip: Investigate the growth
and economic development
of one coastal resort Tip: Focus on small
stretch of coastline for
case study - classifying and mapping tourist attractions and facilities
- carrying out age-of-building surveys to show spatial pattern of resorts growth.
-Completing a visitor survey using interviews. questionnaires {try to research this.}
- carrying out ped., traffic flow, and car-park surveys during peak holiday times and out of season.
-using a transect from the shore inland to reveal changing patterns
-using large scale OS maps to make fieldwork base maps. Competition for Space Coastal towns have distorted land use patterns in comparison the landlocked towns:
Hotels demand sea views, huge selling point.
Tourist/recreational projects take up key positions in thae town. In order to look at how natural
factors create features,
development opportunities
and impact valuable environments
you have to focus on either the world, globally, or one specific coastal area. Tip: Investigate the growth
and economic development
of one coastal resort Tip: Focus on small
stretch of coastline for
case study - classifying and mapping tourist attractions and facilities
- carrying out age-of-building surveys to show spatial pattern of resorts growth.
-Completing a visitor survey using interviews. questionnaires {try to research this.}
- carrying out ped., traffic flow, and car-park surveys during peak holiday times and out of season.
-using a transect from the shore inland to reveal changing patterns
-using large scale OS maps to make fieldwork base maps. In order to look at how natural
factors create features,
development opportunities
and impact valuable environments
you have to focus on either the world, globally, or one specific coastal area. Tip: Investigate the growth
and economic development
of one coastal resort Tip: Focus on small
stretch of coastline for
case study - classifying and mapping tourist attractions and facilities
- carrying out age-of-building surveys to show spatial pattern of resorts growth.
-Completing a visitor survey using interviews. questionnaires {try to research this.}
- carrying out ped., traffic flow, and car-park surveys during peak holiday times and out of season.
-using a transect from the shore inland to reveal changing patterns
-using large scale OS maps to make fieldwork base maps. Coping with the Pressure Increasing Risks Coastal Management How does Coastal Development
Increase Demands on Space? Coastal development creates competiton in the area by many players for space.
The surrounding environment of a coastal town often impacts on different players.
Many towns have specific land use patterns i.e. Brighton pleasure pier right next to Brighton
aquarium. Such land use patterns can be disturbed by:
Industrial and retail parks spoiling views and disruptin holiday traffic.
Industries and port facilities could clash with tourist activities or emdanger habitats.
Large scale schemes such as amusement parks can cause create controversy in the community
Local social, economic and environmental issues will affect the resorts image.




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