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Cuban Revolution Prezi

Cuban Revolution Prezi
by

Sean Simpson

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Cuban Revolution Prezi

Due to Castro’s policies, the
US placed an embargo on goods from Cuba in 1960 to hurt the economy
:
Cuba’s sugar cane crop could no longer be sold in the US.
The embargo is still in place today.

Because of the embargo, poor harvests, and bad government planning, Cuba’s economy is very poor
.

Castro has increased healthcare and education for Cubans
Results: Impact on Cuba
US plans the Bay of Pigs invasion which was an attempt to overthrow Castro.

The plan was to arm Cuban exiles living in Florida.
Once the exiles arrived in Cuba, unhappy Cubans would join them at the Bay of Pigs and overthrow Castro.

The Bay of Pigs invasion was a disaster because Castro’s forces intercepted the plan and captured the invaders.
No rebellion against Castro occurred, but the invasion created a deep hatred for US in Cuba.
Results: Bay of Pigs Invasion
Castro defeated Batista in 1959

Castro
organized a communist government
right away:
Declared
all property belonging to Americans now belonged to the Cuban government
All
farms, factories, & businesses now belonged to the government
Cubans had
no right to protest

Public newspapers, radio, & TV
were shut down
Churches were closed


Castro had
many of Batista’s supporters
and other opponents executed
Results: Castro’s Government
Cuba gained its independence from Spain in 1898.

In the 1900s, Cuba’s wealth was controlled by American companies.
The main businesses in Cuba were sugar and mining companies.
“…United States companies owned about 40 percent of the Cuban sugar lands—almost all the cattle ranches—90 percent of the mines and mineral concessions—80 percent of the utilities—practically all the oil industry—and supplied two-thirds of Cuba's imports.” - John F. Kennedy

The
dictator of Cuba
, until 1959,
was
Fulgencio
Batista.
Causes: Batista’s Rule
Directions: Using 5 sentences, answer the following question:

“What impact did Castro coming to power have on Cuba’s government, Cuba’s economy, US/Cuban relations, and the rights of Cuban citizens, including freedom of speech and press?”
Ticket Out Summary
Castro’s government & the US government did not get along so well
.
Americans
who owned land/businesses in Cuba
lost their property
.
Castro
forced American civilians to leave
Cuba.
US did not like having a communist country so close to home
.

The
US put an embargo on Cuba
to hurt Cuba’s economy
Communist Soviet Union agreed to trade with Cuba

US did not like Cuba being “friends” with the Soviet Union (Cold War).
Results: Cuba vs. US
Castro attempted to overthrow Batista’s government for seven years.

Castro and his “army” lost many battles to Batista
– he was even arrested and
sentenced to 15 years in jail!

Castro was released in 1955 after only two years and fled to Mexico to put together a new group of rebel fighters including Castro’s brother and
Che Guevara
,
one of the most recognizable and influential revolutionary figures of the twentieth century

The US backed up Castro because he promised
to make the country a democracy
.
US sent him supplies to help
defeat Batista
US placed an arms embargo on
Cuba which hurt Batista's military
Cuban Revolution
SS6H3 The student will analyze important 20th century issues in Latin America and the Caribbean.
a. Explain the impact of the Cuban Revolution.

Impact of the Cuban Revolution
Cuban Refugees
Relations have not improved much over the past 50 years.
There is still an embargo on goods from Cuba.

In the early 1980s & 1990s, there were periods in which large numbers of Cubans escaped Cuba for America.

After a decline in health, Fidel Castro gave up the Cuban presidency on February 19, 2008.

His brother, Raul, is now the Cuban leader.
Results: Present Day Cuba
In October of 1962,
US planes spotted secret Soviet missile bases in Cuba
.
10/22: President Kennedy announced that the Soviets had placed long-range missiles in Cuba.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was an extremely tense time because it could have led to WWIII
.


Resolution:
US agreed not to invade Cuba and to
remove US missiles from Turkey;
in return, Soviet Union agreed to
remove the missiles from Cuba.
Results: Cuban Missile Crisis

Fidel
Castro,
a Cuban lawyer,
decides to overthrow Batista
using force
Causes: Enter Castro
Soldiers for the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista executing a revolutionary by firing squad in 1956.
Slum dwellings in Havana, Cuba in 1954, just outside Havana baseball stadium. In the background is advertising for a nearby casino.
Causes: Batista’s Rule
Batista had originally been elected as president but with army backing,
made himself dictator
when he was going to lose his second election

Batista
cancelled all free elections
.

Batista
encouraged large-scale gambling, supported US businesses and organized crime all to make himself rich
at the expense of Cuban citizens

Many
people were unhappy with his rule
:
There was
high poverty, poor education
, and healthcare was limited

Batista also
used the police and military to kill and torture opponents
to his rule
Causes: Batista’s Rule
Foldable Organizer
Work Session Activity
1) Watch the video on the current status of the Cuban embargo.

2) Do you support the embargo or are you against it?

3) Write a paragraph explaining
your answer.
Full transcript