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Harlem by: Langston Hughes
Transcript of Harlem by: Langston Hughes
Hughes first titled it "Harlem," but later called it "Dream Deferred." Some people even refer to it by its first line, "what happens to a dream deferred?" the poem has two titles the Facts Google Here on the edge of hell
Stands Harlem -
Remembering the old lies,
The old kicks in the back,
The old “Be patient”
They told us before. Sure, we remember.
Now when the man at the corner store Says sugar’s gone up another two cents,And bread one,And there’s a new tax on cigarettes -We remember the job we never had,Never could get,And can’t have now
Because we’re colored. So we stand here
On the edge of hell
And look out on the world
What we’re gonna doIn the face of whatWe remember.
~Langston Hughes While Hughes’s mother moved around during his youth,
Hughes was raised primarily by his maternal grandmother,
Mary, until she died in his early teens.
Handsome and personable, a leading runner and high-jumper, and the author of verse and short stories published in the school magazine, he was popular and respected. In 1919 - 1920, his senior year, he was elected class poet and editor of the year book, that's when he decided to be a writer.
Langston Hughes was an integral part of the Harlem Renaissance, a period during the 1920s and 1930s that was characterized by an artistic flowering of African-American writers, musicians, and visual artists intensely proud of their black heritage. "Harlem" guides our focus to this vibrant
city,which was a hub of intellectual
thought and artistic innovation. what it really means The tone seems to be of anger and then almost threatening or hostile. Hughs is expressing the frustration he and many other black people had to put up with. The speaker in the poem is reflecting the misfortunes of Negro society in a time period in which Hughs and generations before him lived. TONE "Harlem" is a lyric poem with irregular rhyme and an irregular metrical pattern that sums up the white oppression of blacks in America. Ryme scheme The Theme simply has to postpone one's deepest dreams and desires can lead to destruction of ones self. The poem’s importance to society In some aspects reflects every day life in Negro America. Not all, but a good number of African-Americans live in urban areas and central cities. Harlem is one of those areas. In these communities life is very hard and it is quite difficult to survive. The poem states “ Here on the edge of hell stands Harlem,” and that in it self is quite self explanatory. The poem talks about hardships of inner-city black society. Racial injustices and discrimination still exists today. This straightforward, concrete word choice may have the effect of the making the poem seem very easy to read and to understand. In actuality, the metaphors that fill the poem use concrete words yet suggest meainings that are somewhat difficult to pin down. Diction "Harlem" consists of eleven lines broken into four stanzas. The first and last stanzas contain one line, while the other two contain seven and two lines respectively. With each line, our speaker mixes it up. Some lines are short, others longer. Some lines contain only monosyllabic words, other are chock full of syllables. There are three instances of rhyming, while the rest of the poem is rhymeless. Rythm