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Around the World in 50 Slides

La Sagrada Familia, Dome of the Rock, Brihadeeswara Temple

Ethan Foster

on 4 June 2013

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Transcript of Around the World in 50 Slides

Dome of the Rock La Sagrada Familia London Facts about the Dome of the Rock:
Located over the site of the traditional Temple of Solomon.
The third holiest place of Worship for Muslims.
Believed to be the place where the Prophet Muhammad ascended into heaven and was given the Ten Commandments.
The Dome of the Rock was built between 685 and 692.
Earliest Muslim monument of architecture
Contains the rock where Abraham offered his son Issac as a sacrifice (Hayes, Holly) Facts on La Sagrada Familia:
Construction started in 1882 and is expected to be completed in 2041.
Construction began with public subscription.
La Sagrada Familia will have 18 towers with the tallest reaching 560 feet.
There are three entrances on the front of the basilica, they are called: The portal of Faith (left), The portal of Charity (main), and The portal of hope (right).
The towers are marked with animals to mark Jesus, the Virgin Mary, and the four Evangelists.
The Church is supposed to be 95 meters long and 60 meters wide (Symonds, Paul). The Portal of Hope The Portal of Charity The Portal of Faith The Cavall Bernat
The rock tops the Portal of Hope, the Cavall Bernat can be found within the Montserrat mountains. The Virgin of Montserrat can be found on this mountain, and Pope Leo XIII made the Virgin of Montserrat the Patron Saint of Catalan Dioceses (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). Saint Joseph
Saint Joseph is seen holding the helm of the ship he is in while a dove symbolizing the Holy Spirit leads the ship on. Saint Joseph is the Patron Saint of the universal church, so it was important to include him. Saint Joseph looks to be putting his trust in the dove to guide the ship, which works well for the Portal of Hope theme (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). Marriage of Marry
Joseph and his bride Mary are seen bowing to each with a priest behind them. This shows how God had put his hope into Joseph and Mary as he counted on them to raise his child on earth (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). Joseph and Jesus
Jesus as a little boy is seen holding a wounded dove as his father listens to him attentively. Joseph is reaching out to the bird with grace, as if he is teaching his son a lesson (Basilica De La Familia). Sheaf of Wheat
A sheaf of wheat sits on top of the Portal of Faith. It symbolizes the Holy Eucharist we receive as Christians. Jesus gave us this gift at the Last Supper, and it represents his body, the body of Christ (Bascilica De La Sagrada Familia). Immaculate Conception
A strong looking figure of Mary is seen with her arms crossed. Her foot is seen on a serpent which moves across the earth Mary is standing on. This image symbolizes that no evil can overcome Mary (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). Presentation of Jesus
Jesus is seen being held by Simeon, the man who was told would not die until he was able to see the Messiah. Mary and Joseph followed the Law of Moses by bringing Jesus to Jerusalem for the purification rites (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). Finding in the Temple
Joseph and Mary are seen finally finding their son after three long days of searching. They find him in the temple and are seen looking in awe as they see the knowledge Jesus now has within him. Faith was needed in order for Mary and Joseph to finally find their son (Basilica De La Familia). Coronation of Mary
This scene shows Mary being crowned the queen of heaven by her son Jesus Christ. Mary was one of the few people to have both body and soul rise to heaven. Mary had done her job raising Jesus on earth and now it was time to continue her charitable lifestyle in heaven (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia) The Annunciation
Here we see Mary being told that she will conceive a child who will be the Son of God, she bows her head to accept. The Archangel Gabriel is the one who brings Mary this news. This is the first scene of the Nativity facade, as it is the first step towards the birth of Jesus Christ (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). The Nativity
Mary lifts her child from the cradle, in her hands she holds Jesus the redeemer of mankind. In the background are Joseph and the animals, found in the stable in the city of Bethlehem. This is associated with the Christmas, as we celebrate the birth of Jesus (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). Column of Jesus
The base of the Nativity scene is a column the shape of a palm tree. There is a ribbon listing all of Jesus's ancestors starting with Abraham and concludes with Jacob. According to the Gospel of Matthew it is a genealogy of Jesus (Basilica De La Sagrada Familia). Holy Trinity
The Portal of Charity and the entire Nativity facade (no bell towers) is topped with a Holy Trinity symbol. It includes a dove for the Holy Spirit, a tau the colour of blood red for Jesus, and around the tau is a cross of gold colour representing God (Basilica De La Sagrada). Cypress Tree
Below the Holy Trinity is a cypress tree covered in doves. The cypress tree is long living tree, therefore it symbolizes the eternal love of Jesus (Basilica De La Familia). The Pelican
A pelican is seen feeding her two baby chicks. Based on older legends, pelicans were believed to have be able to feed their young with their own blood. This is a symbol of Christ sacrificing himself for the rest of his people (Basilica De La Familia). Dome of the Rock Floor Plan
The Dome of the Rock's floor plan was recently examined by Alain George of Edinburgh University. He examined the floor plan (right) to the third manuscript of the Sanaa Qur'an (left). The third manuscript shows a pattern known as The Breath of the Compassionate. The geometric pattern was used by Great Master Ibn al-Arabia who also gave the pattern its name. He used the pattern with its unity of elements to figure out the creation of the universe. The four elements are found within the crossing square's corners, the four circles, as well as the four legs of the created cross found in the center. The number four is quite significant as it relates to the four entrances of the Dome of the Rock that represent the four directions, and the four seasons are also represented. There is also twelve columns representing the twelve months around the Dome of the Rock. The pattern can also be seen as a mandala due to the patterns of circles and squares it possesses. The elements, calendar, and creation are all found within the design of the floor, meaning the floor is also a very symbolic part of the Dome of the Rock. (Emily) The Floor Plan The Well of Souls
Beside the scared rock with the Dome of the Rock lies a staircase leading to a cave known as the Well of souls. There are many legends about the death and the afterlife. One legend is that the voices of the dead fuse with the waters going down the rivers of paradise as the dead drop into eternity. It is also said that this is the place where the dead are allowed to pray. Muslims are allowed to go in and pray here. In the past they use to give out certificates that admitted you to paradise if you walked around the rock, then came to pray here. The Well of Souls is thought to have contained the Ark of the Covenant. According to the Bible, the original ten commandment tablets were contained with the Ark of the Covenant and given to Moses by God. No one really knows if the Ark of the Covenant really exists, but if you knock of the floor of the Well of the Souls you can hear a very distinct hollow sound suggesting something may be hiding underneath. Maybe the Well of the Souls holds more than what the world thinks, and maybe the voices of the dead are trying to give us a hint (Milstein, Mati). Well of Souls Sacred Rock Sacred Rock
Within the Dome of the Rock lies a sacred rock known as the Sakhrah. This rock is what gives the Dome of the Rock its name. It is this rock that both Judaism and Islamic religions have their own beliefs about the history and significance of the rock. Jews believe that the Sakhrah is the exact rock that God asked Abraham to sacrifice his son Issac. Therefore, Jews see this rock as a holy and significant piece of their history. The Islamic religion looks at the Sakhrah in a complete different view. The Jews see the rock associated with Abraham, but the Muslims see the Sakhrah associated with the Prophet Mohammad. Muslims see the sacred rock as the exact rock as which the Prophet Mohammad began his ascension to Allah. The Dome of the Rock is such a popular tourist location due to this rock and its important significance to the Islamic and Judaism religions (Hayes, Holly). Brihadeeswara Temple Facts on Brihadeeswarar Temple:
Tribute to its creator Raja Raja Chola I.
Considered one of the greatest glories of India because of its architecture.
Tallest Temple in the World.
Temple was constructed between 1003 and 1010.
The temple can also be identified as "Rajarajeswaram."
Listed as a World Heritage site by UNESCO, and was the world's first all granite temple (Famouswonders). Nandi Statue
Within the Brihadeeswara Temple complex stands a massive statue of the the Shiva vehicle (Blogger). Nandi can be found in almost all Shiva temples throughout the world. The Nandi statue in the Brihadeeswara is the second largest Nandi statue in the world (WondersofTamilnadu). Before Nandi became this bull he existed as Rishi who was Shiva's door keeper. Once Rishi reached divine status he became the bull and is seen as the protector. Therefore, he is placed in front of Shiva's temple to protect Shiva. Shiva has also been known to ride Nandi, therefore Nandi shows great devotion towards Shiva. Nandi represents strength and faith and is usually seen facing the Shiva deity. Nandi also represents single minded devotion due to all the acts he does for Shiva (Ruthrakali). Nandi Statue Vimana Vimana
The vimana is a magnificent 16 tier temple with a height of 216 feet. The vimana makes the Brihadeeswara the tallest temple in the world. The Brihadeeswara temple was created to show the current emperor's relationship to the universal order and his vision of power. In 1010 Raja Raja Chola crowned the vimana with a kalasam. The kalasam was gold plated and finished the Brihadeeswara when it was placed on top of the 16 tier vimana. The viamana is the main attraction of the Brihadesswara Temple as it attracted many musicians, merchants, craftsman, and scholars. It was a place for entertainment as dancers would come to perform a traditional dance called Bharatha Natyam (Tamilnad). The vimana is also known as the Srivimana and represents Mt. Meru, which is seen as the center of the universe (iloveindia). Vimana Kalasam Keralaathagan and Rajarajan Gopuram Nandi at Brihadeeswara Keralaanthagan Gopuram
This gopuram was given the name keralaanthagan because keralaanthagan means destroyer of Kerala. Rajarajar Chola had recently won in war against Kerala, therefore the name keralaanthagan was given. One of the sides of the gopuram we see Shiva in various forms. Shiva in dancing form and Shiva in beggar form. On the top of the gopuram there are idols of both Shiva and Vishnu. On the back there be a battle between Narasimha and Hiranyakasibu. Krishna together with Vishnu and Hiranya Samkara are also seen on the rear of the gopuram. The whole keralaanthagan was made with two large granite rocks and combined at the top to create the gopuram (Peravai, Ponniyin Selvan Varalatru). Rajarajan Gopuram
Built by Rajarajar-I and shows off medieval architecture. It is the main entrance to the Brihadeeswara Temple. A large 15 feet Dwarapala sculpture represents the Thattva concept. The concept is that God is everywhere and in everything. The right finger on the sculpture represents that God is one and only one. There are more symbolic sculptures as there is a scene of an elephant being swallowed by a snake. A lion is seen standing behind the snake and elephant. This shows that if you are faced with problems of high magnitude, such as the elephant, you must stay strong willed as shown in the lion's posture and you will be lead to ways to realize God (Peravai, Ponniyin Selvan Varalatru). Next Stop, Dome of the Rock! Off to India! First stop, Spain! Time to head back home! The best Trip of your Life! Welcome to... Get on the Bus!
Yes Mrs. Jackson I know what you're thinking, "great I have to go around the world with Foster". No need to worry I promise you that you will have the time of your life on this trip and learn a lot! You might like better then Japan! Religion is something that is highly practiced throughout the world. Without religion the world would not be how it has come to be today. The Christian, Islam, and Hindu religions all have places of worship with significance and symbolism throughout them. The Sagrada Familia, Dome of the Rock, and Brihadeeswara Temple all show symbolism and history within them. I will show you three aspects of each to highlight the amount of symbolism and history that can be found at each place of worship. Well here we are back at the chapel at St. Thomas Aquinas. I hope you learned a lot! See you back in the portable at period 2! Works Cited

Basilica DE LA SAGRADA FAMILIA . THE NATIVITY FACADE . 2013 26 -May <www.sagradafamilia.cat/sf-eng/docs_instit/simbologia.php >.

Blogger . All You Need To Know About Hindusim . <www.history-of-hinduism.blogspot.ca/2008/09/nandi-bull.html >.

Emily. Dome of the Rock: A Multi-Cultural Cosmolgical Symbol . <www.beyondboarders-medieval.blogspot.ca/2013/04/dome-of-rock-multi-cultura;.html >.

Famouswonders . Brihadeeswarar Temple in Tamilnadu . <ww.famouswonders.com/brihadeeswarar-temple-in-tamilnadu/>.

geobeats. Travel Isreal - Tour Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem . <www.youtube.com/watch?v+m9gKg/hjSGFs>.

Hayes, Holly. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem . <www.sacred-destinations.com/ireal/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock>.

iloveindia. Brihadeeswarar Temple . <www.iloveindia.com/indian-monuments/brihadeeswarar-temple.html >.

indiavideodotorg. Thanjavur Tanjore Brihadeeswara Temple . <ww.youtube.com/watch?v+IzBmd-9RS-A>.

Milstein, Mati. Jerusalem's Mysterious Well of Souls May Hold Ancient Secrets . <www.science.nationalgeographic.com/science/archaeology/well-of-souls/>.

nixxxon18. The Sagrada Famila Finished 3D . <www.youtube.com/watch?v+irIQiGnUuMQ>.

Peravai, Ponniyin Selvan Varalatru. History . <www.thebigtemple.com/architecture1.html >.

Ruthrakali. Sri Nandheswarar. <www.ruthrakali.org.sg/htmlfiles.nadi.htm>.

Symonds, Paul. 10 Facts About Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, Spain. 8 July 2008. 17 May 2013 <http://ezinearticles.com/?10-Facts-About-Sagrada-Familia-in-Barcelona,-Spain&id=1293866>.

Tamilnad. Tanjore Brihadeeswarar Temple. <www.temples.tamilnad.com/Tanjore.Brihadesswarar_Temple/ >.

Wondersoftamilnadu. Brihadeeswara Temple. <www.wondersoftamilnadu.com/brihadeeswara-temple.html>.
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