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The Enneagram

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emma hunt

on 16 April 2010

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Transcript of The Enneagram

Basics The Enneagram Structure Relevance •Originated in Ancient Sufi traditions and was intensively analyzed by George Gurdjieff, an Armenian philosopher •Gurdjieff believed that the unique shape could be universally applicable, as it demonstrates dynamic shifts in the natural world if properly interpreted •Psychological contribution made by Oscar Ichazo, a Bolivian psychologist who closely followed the works of Gurdjieff •Rather than states of the natural world, Ichazo determined that the Enneagram represents dynamic shifts in personality •The current utilized model of the Enneagram was heavily influenced by Richard Don Riso •He contributed a psychological theory to determine nine personality types, the “single dominant wing theory,” and different levels of development from unhealthy to healthy in psychological terms •The main component is the basic personality types, which are innate characteristics that are dominant in each individual. •Everyone has different dominant features, which are likely to determine unconscious and conscious behaviours, adaptability to surrounding environments, and unique sense of self
•The nine personality types include: The Reformer, The Helper, The Achiever, The Individualist, The Investigator, The Loyalist, The Enthusiast, The Challenger, and The Peacemaker •Divided into centres which are 3x3 arrangements: the instinctive centre, the feeling centre, and the thinking centre with three personality types in each •People are usually a mix of their personality type, with one or two others that are adjacent on the circumference •There is an internal structure within each personality type which shows how all traits are interrelated and can potentially be either healthy, average, or unhealthy
•There is a continuum of levels of development, with separate stages in healthy, average, and unhealthy Level 1 - Liberation

Level 2 - Psychological Capacity

Level 3 - Social Value

Level 4 - Imbalance/Social Role

Level 5 - Interpersonal Control

Level 6 - Overcompensation

Level 7 - Violation

Level 8 - Obsession and Compulsion

Level 9 - Pathalogical Destructiveness •The inner lines connect the personality types in a sequence to demonstrate what each can do in certain situations •Companies use the Enneagram approach to understand human behaviours, motivations, values, thinking styles, and problem solving tactics •Enneagram can be used to attract valuable employees, achieve productivity, and focus on developing a person-centred approach •Helps communication as it is enhanced when a personality type is understood •Helps draw connections and links between each of the different personality types and how to achieve strong relationships between them
•Help people in the workforce understand themselves more clearly •Builds a more flexible management style
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