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Women's Rights Movemnet of 1960-1970
Transcript of Women's Rights Movemnet of 1960-1970
What are the goals of the movement?
The goal of the Women's Rights Movement was to outlaw job inequality and give women the right to have to same job as a man and the right to earn equal pay as a man. Lots of employers at the time would deny a female a job if a man wanted it, as well. A woman was only limited to jobs like a nurse, a teacher, or a secretary...for a man! Some men and women fought for equality not only for themselves, but for their children. One feminist said, "What used to be the feminist agenda is now an everyday reality...Our daughters grow up with the same responsibilities as our sons."
Who is taking action to fight this injustice?
What strategies are they using?
Women who want and deserve equal rights started to protest. After many years, the women that were doctors created "the Pill," a pill that wouldn't interrupt a woman's career by making her pregnant (basically, a birth-control pill). This was meant to show men that women can do anything that men can. Another way of protesting would be that women would go around to advertisements and billboards and put stickers on them that say, "Sexist." This was to make people realize how far sexism has gotten.
Timeline of Events:
May 9, 1960: "The Pill" was approved in the U.S. and was for sale.
June 10, 1963: President John F. Kennedy signed "The Equal Pay Act of 1963" into law.
1966: The National Organization for Women, also known as "NOW," was founded.
1982: Equal Rights Amendment is ratified by all, but 3 states (it never got passed)
What is the problem that is being addressed?
American women before the 1960s were expected to do a few things in their lifetime, no more, no less: they would marry a man in their early 20s, start a family quickly, and then become a housekeeper for the husband, the children, or both. Women knew they had a lot more potential than that, so they wanted equality, they wanted to work, they wanted to live a good life. But men weren't to fond of this new "equality for all" idea. This new campaign was the second-wave of women's rights in the U.S. and soon would be called the Women's Rights Movement.
What is the situation today? What's the evidence that progress has been made or not?
Who is opposing change? What are their strategies?
Employers and just men in general don't want change because then they would seem less superior. One dean of a medical school once said, "We have a quota...We do keep women out, when we can. We don't want them here — and they don't want them elsewhere, either." But not all men were against this...some men even supported women's rights!
Since the Equal Rights Amendment did not end up being passed, equality has not been reached yet between men and women, but it has gotten better throughout the years (most women get equal pay!). With groups like the National Organization for Women (NOW) that has been going strong for 48 years now, women have never stopped fighting for equality in jobs. In fact, women have put themselves on the map when they started becoming bosses and being things that only men would've been. Equality has gotten better, but it isn't quite there yet. But that never stops women from fighting until we get equality.