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The Victorian Gentleman
Transcript of The Victorian Gentleman
Some professions dictated that they were gentlemen (Clergy of the Church of England, army officers, members of Parliament).
Typically received a traditional, Liberal education. Thomas Arnold Thomas Arnold was the headmaster of the Rugby School from 1828 to 1841. During his time there, he hoped to "instill 1st religious and moral principles: 2ndly, gentlemanly conduct: 3rdly, intellectual ability" (Gimson).
Thomas Arnold wanted to create not only scholars but Christian gentleman . Dickens Within Great Expectations, Dickens "found a fictional form capable of expressing the social ironies underlying both his own and his generation's preoccupation with the idea of the gentleman, and in doing so delivered what is in many ways his most profound commentary on Victorian civilisation and it values"
(Gilmour 577). "You could behave like a gentleman, without possessing any of the social attributes which a gentleman might have; there was no need to posses a coat of arms, or a country estate, or engage in field sports, or wear evening dress" (Gimson 4). Works Cited Bradby, H. C. "Thomas Arnold's Rugby Reforms ." Victorian Web. July 5 2006.Web.
Buckley, Jerome Hamilton. "The Space between." Season of Youth: Bildungsroman of Dickens and Golding. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,
1974. 20. Print.
Cody, David. "The Gentleman." Victorian Web. February 3 2011.Web. <http://www.victorianweb.org/history/gentleman.html>.
Gilmour, Robin. "The Pursuit of Gentility." The Idea of the Gentleman in the Victorian Novel. London: Allen & Unwin, 1981. 576-582. Print.
Melani, Lilia. "Pip's Expectations." Charles Dickens. May 7 2002.Web.
Steyer, P. J. "Victorian Heroism in Reality and Fantasy: The Everyday Heroics of Endurance." Victorian Web. November 30 2004.Web.
<http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/trollope/pjs1.html>. Examples of a Gentleman in the Victorian Era The Dandy
The Traditional Gentleman
The Self-made man
Manly Victorian Gentleman Definitions The Dandy: places importance on looks, refined language and leisurely hobbies.
The Gent: "was a second-hand shop-worn imitation of the dandy" (Gilmour).
The Traditional Gentleman: born into the title (upper-class).
Self-made man: Someone who struggled to become a gentleman (i.e. Dickens).
Manly Victorian Gentleman: focused on exhibiting manly traits. "the male counterpart to the domestic angel... heir of the chivalric ideal updated for the industrial age" (Black et al). "The Gentlemanly ideal becomes increasingly difficult to discover or define; struggle for survival in the atomistic modern city is hardly conducive to good manners and quiet consideration of others..." (Buckley 20). "The concept of the nineteenth-century Gentleman is a complex one, though it is one which is, as one recent critic has noted, 'the necessary link in any analysis of mid-Victorian ways of thinking and behaving.' The Victorians themselves were not certain what a gentleman was, of what his essential characteristics were, or of how long it took to become one. Why, then, were so many of them so anxious to be recognized as one? (Cody). The interest in being a gentleman originated in Chaucer's time and continued till the early 20th century (Bradby).