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The Roaring 20s
Transcript of The Roaring 20s
The role of women during the 1920s changed immensely. Women began working more,they dressed differently, and they began taking on roles that use to be given to men.
During the 1920s a new breed of women came about and they were called Flappers. Flappers were women who wore shorter skirts,bobbed their hair, and wore a lot of makeup.
The women also took on a more boyish look. They wore straight curvless dreses and they would wear belts around there hips.
This time period was a complete switch of government regulation in the 1910's. Where as with the progressive movement the government had regulation businesss, during the 1920's presidents took the more hands off approach, or Laissez-Faire. The presidents Harding, Coolige and Hoover all were pro-business. They all favored lower taxes and the weakening of unions. There also was quite a bit of government corruption at this time. Mostly under the Warren G. Harding Administration. He himself wasn't very bad but he was "friends" with many others who were. Many of his cabinet members did things like take bribes to not convict criminals, and take money from businesses and leasing money from federal oil reserves. One of his cabinet members became the first person in the cabinet to be convicted of a felony. During this time period many actions were taken to try and prevent another Great War. The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in Paris; it outlawed war. This was obviously not very effective seeing as there was a second World War. Some of the signers included USA, Ireland, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Italy.
The twenties changed the work place
drastically. Henry Ford's assembly line directed America's buisness world in a different direction. An assembly line is a line of people were each person does one task on every piece that comes through the line. Ford established an assembly line, for Model T cars, before the worlds war, but these were not usually found in the workplace.
This assembly line allowed for more people
to have jobs, production to be faster, which in turn would make more money for the company. When a business is flourishing it can pay employees a higher wage. Ford's company workers began to earn a $5 .
A higher pay caused more people to flock to
the cities to try get a job during this time period. Since there was more efficient production chainstores began sprouting up in the cities. One store could produce enough goods to have three or four of the same stores in the cities.
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Changes For African Americans
Harlem Renaissance: This era consisted of African Americans flourishing their works of music and literature. Many artists such as Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, and Ethel Waters used their skills to bring the idea of "the new negro" to life. This idea redefined blacks, and broke the stereotypes that had hindered them for so long. The organization UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) was organized at this time. The founder of this organization had two ideas: 1. That Africans should go back to Africa
2. Black is beautiful. Do not envy and copy white people. Be proud of who you are. This idea of "the new negro" and the Harlem Renaissance led to end of racial segregation, even though it wasn't fully depeleted for some time.. They planted the idea of African Americans being just as human as whites.
Tension: New VS Old Values
Relation between government and business
The women during the 1920s also took on many roles that use to be only thought of for men. The number of working women increased during the 1920s. The women also began smoking, drinking, and driving automobiles.
Jazz music originated in New Orelans and during the 1920s it became very popular. Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong were very famous for their jazz music.
Jazz was different from the music Americans had listened to before. Jazz had a fast beat, an earthly rythym, and had an imporvising style.
Jazz was a symbol of people feeling free from the old America and creating the new America.
Jazz music was a great example of how during the 1920s the old America was being re-placed with a new America.
From coast to coast music, dancing, and even slang were becoming the same. The 1920's began to create a mass culture. But America wanted to keep America American. This led them to create Immigration restrictions that included the exclusion of Asians, except the Philippians, and created a literacy test and a set percentage of each nationality allowed to enter the US with 350,000 available visas each year.
The blacks did not share the Economic boom of the 1920's but did find joy in Jazz and dance. They expressed their voice through music, literature and art as a way to break the dominance that the whites had over them.
With the new type of music and the fast beat of jazz music many new dances were created. The Charleston and Ragtime were very popular dances during this time.
Jazz Effects Dancing
There were many different changes to the United States culture during
the 1920's. The roaring twenties caused America to loose her innocence and become more modern. Women were dressing different, new inventions, and new pass times.
People were making more money during this time,
and if cash wasn't available credit cards were used. Luxury things, such as radios, could now be found almost in every household. Radios would be used to listen to talk shows, music, and story readings.
Luxury outings were also very common, such as
attending the movies. Almost everyone in the U.S. watched a movie every week.
Records and record players became very essential
during this time period. People were now able to sing and dance to their favorite songs within the comfort of their homes.
Example of Jazz Music
The people became torn between the new urban life and the old rural life. The old rural life was full of safety, close social ties, hard work, and strict morals. While the new Urban life was full of strangers, money makers, and pleasure seekers. Life was starting to become less conservative with lower expectations of moral standards.
The Theory of evolution