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The British Parliament
Transcript of The British Parliament
history of the Parliament
the House of Commons
the House of Lords
How laws are developed and passed
(french: 'God and my right')
1066: feudal system by William of Normandy
1215: Magna Carta by King John
1216: nobles & clergymen governed England
1264: Battle of Lewes
1265: 'Model Parliament' --> introduction of
1603: King James I
1628: government without Parliament
for 11 years
1639: financial disaster -> war
1649: civil war
1649: execution of Charles I
1653: "Barebone's Parliament"
1707: Act of Union
1801: Parliament of United Kingdom
1998: separate regional parliaments/ assemblies
2014: Scotland voted against independence
--> 2015: devolved English Parliament
similar to the Scottish one ?
1341: upper Chamber -> House of Lords
lower Chamber -> House of Commons
1376: Good Parliament
1485: Henry Tudor - modern structure began
to be created
The British Parliament:
debates important issues
represents the public
makes and reviews laws
holds the government to account
650 MPs --> representatives of a constituency
(only 437 seats)
the government/ the cabinet
the opposition -> challenges/ questions the government
the speaker -> head of the house
-> keeps debates in
visits within the United Kingdom
audiences with political ministers or ambassadors
'head of state'
constitutional and representational duties
elected members of the Parliament
'chosen for their
• upper House of Parliament
• Lords Spiritual & Lords Temporal
• number of members is not fixed (current number 775)
-->scrutinies bills, can't prevent them, but delay them
• Speaker: elected by the House of Lords & appointed by the Crown
• site of many formal ceremonies
How are laws developed and passed?
every five years
members elected in their constituency
--> two parties form a
533 constituencies in England
59 in Scotland
40 in Wales
18 in Northern Ireland.
Simple to understand
single party government
tiny amount of public support
waste of huge amount of votes
small constituencies effect the results
voters have a smaller choice
A bill: Ideas for new laws