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The British Parliament

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Alexander Grzeska

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of The British Parliament

history of the Parliament
the House of Commons
the House of Lords
the monarch
general election
How laws are developed and passed

(french: 'God and my right')
1066: feudal system by William of Normandy

1215: Magna Carta by King John

1216: nobles & clergymen governed England

1264: Battle of Lewes

1265: 'Model Parliament' --> introduction of

1603: King James I
1628: government without Parliament
for 11 years

1639: financial disaster -> war
1649: civil war

1649: execution of Charles I
"Rump Parliament"
1653: "Barebone's Parliament"

1707: Act of Union

1801: Parliament of United Kingdom
1998: separate regional parliaments/ assemblies

2014: Scotland voted against independence

--> 2015: devolved English Parliament
similar to the Scottish one ?

1341: upper Chamber -> House of Lords
lower Chamber -> House of Commons

1376: Good Parliament

1485: Henry Tudor - modern structure began
to be created
The British Parliament:
debates important issues

represents the public

makes and reviews laws

holds the government to account
650 MPs --> representatives of a constituency
(only 437 seats)

the government/ the cabinet

the opposition -> challenges/ questions the government

the speaker -> head of the house
-> keeps debates in
-> non-partisan
The Monarch
public duties


visits within the United Kingdom

audiences with political ministers or ambassadors
Constitutional monarchy
'head of state'
constitutional and representational duties
elected members of the Parliament
'chosen for their

• upper House of Parliament

• Lords Spiritual & Lords Temporal

• number of members is not fixed (current number 775)

• duties:
-->scrutinies bills, can't prevent them, but delay them

• Speaker: elected by the House of Lords & appointed by the Crown

• site of many formal ceremonies
General election
How are laws developed and passed?
every five years
members elected in their constituency
'Hung Parliament'
--> two parties form a
533 constituencies in England
59 in Scotland
40 in Wales
18 in Northern Ireland.
Simple to understand

quick results
single party government
tiny amount of public support

waste of huge amount of votes
small constituencies effect the results

voters have a smaller choice
A bill: Ideas for new laws

suggested by:

public inquiries
civil servants
governing parties
opposition parties
campaign groups
Select Committees
'hot seat'


Full transcript