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MUS 122 - Post-Romanticism and Exoticism

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by

Michael Sundblad

on 9 February 2016

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Transcript of MUS 122 - Post-Romanticism and Exoticism

French Opera, set in Spain (in French)
Spanish dances, songs, orchestration
Gypsy life
Carmen
Opera can be set anywhere

 
Exoticism
“Post-Wagnerian”
Influenced strongly by Wagner’s harmonies & orchestration
 
Post-Romanticism
Tchaikovsky's Ballets &
Exoticism in Opera

Tchaikovsky
Based on a play which was based on a short story
Madame
Butterfly
Georges Bizet (1838-1875)
Paris Conservatory, Prix de Rome 
Bizet
Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)
Italian, son of a musician
Opera composer:
"La Bohéme", "Gianni Schicchi"
Puccini
Ballet history
Height (and death) of the large-scale classical forms:

Song cycle, symphony, Symphonic poem
Also opera – resurgence later.
Examples:
Aida - Egypt
Turandot - China
Madame Butterly - Japan
Carmen - Spain
Not concerned with accuracy
poetic "painting" of foreign lands
Opera composer - one major Hit: "Carmen"
Naturalism - focus on lower-class & suffering (Honesty, realism)
Not successful at premiere
Bizet died of a heart-attack at 37.
Story:
Carmen, Don José, Micaela, Gypsy chorus
Fate leitmotif
Truth, realism:

Everyday subjects, tragedy, depths of emotion
VERISMO
Excerpts:
Un bel di (one beautiful day)
Final scene
Dates to the Renaissance 
part of festivals & theater
(opera) 
 
Eighteenth Century:
Independent art form

French School; Russian

Piotr Illych Tchaikovsky
Пётр Ильич Чайкoвский (1840-1893)

Precocious child, son of a gov’t official
St. Petersburg Conservatory
professor at Moscow Conservatory
Marries, separates within weeks
Patron: Madame von Meck
Conductor: Carnegie Hall 1891;
Dies suddenly at 53
(Suicide? Cholera?)
Tchaikovsky's ballets
3 Ballets:
Swan lake, Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker – 
Nationalism (folklore) 

Nutcracker - Based on a story by E.T.A. Hoffmann
Dance of the Sugarplum fairy
Trepak
The Nutcracker
Trepak
Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy
https://wwnorton.com/college/music/ilg/ENJ_12/PucciniMadameButterflyAudio.html
Japanese Music
https://ncia.wwnorton.com/1993
ebook link:
http://wwnorton.com/college/music/ilg/ENJ_12/TchaikovskySugarPlum.html
http://wwnorton.com/college/music/ilg/ENJ_12/TchaikovskyTrepak.html
Full transcript