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MUS 122 - Post-Romanticism and Exoticism
Transcript of MUS 122 - Post-Romanticism and Exoticism
Spanish dances, songs, orchestration
Opera can be set anywhere
Influenced strongly by Wagner’s harmonies & orchestration
Tchaikovsky's Ballets &
Exoticism in Opera
Based on a play which was based on a short story
Georges Bizet (1838-1875)
Paris Conservatory, Prix de Rome
Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)
Italian, son of a musician
"La Bohéme", "Gianni Schicchi"
Height (and death) of the large-scale classical forms:
Song cycle, symphony, Symphonic poem
Also opera – resurgence later.
Aida - Egypt
Turandot - China
Madame Butterly - Japan
Carmen - Spain
Not concerned with accuracy
poetic "painting" of foreign lands
Opera composer - one major Hit: "Carmen"
Naturalism - focus on lower-class & suffering (Honesty, realism)
Not successful at premiere
Bizet died of a heart-attack at 37.
Carmen, Don José, Micaela, Gypsy chorus
Everyday subjects, tragedy, depths of emotion
Un bel di (one beautiful day)
Dates to the Renaissance
part of festivals & theater
Independent art form
French School; Russian
Piotr Illych Tchaikovsky
Пётр Ильич Чайкoвский (1840-1893)
Precocious child, son of a gov’t official
St. Petersburg Conservatory
professor at Moscow Conservatory
Marries, separates within weeks
Patron: Madame von Meck
Conductor: Carnegie Hall 1891;
Dies suddenly at 53
Swan lake, Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker –
Nutcracker - Based on a story by E.T.A. Hoffmann
Dance of the Sugarplum fairy
Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy