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Transcript of Frankenstein
Victor lets the memory of his deceased loved ones fuel his desire to chase after the Monster.
He finally realizes that the monster had meant to kill Elizabeth all along
Victor and his father arrive in Paris
The Final Chapters
Chapter 22 cont.
"Heavy misfortunes have befallen us, but let us only cling closer to what remains" (168)
Chapter 23 cont.
Chapter 24 cont.
"When I am dead, if he should appear, if the ministers of vengeance should conduct him to you, swear that he shall not live" (185).
Before his death, Victor requests Walton to take on his vendetta for him.
We are finally seeing his true emotions
Walton's trust in Victor's tale is justified with the the letters from Felix and Safie, and catching a glimpse of the monster from a distance.
Victor's sole purpose in living is to seek the destruction of the monster
This comparison with his past self greatly contrasts the changes in personality and appearance that he has gone through, yet his intelligence remains
He blames the entirety of his misfortune on the monster, never once considering his own part in the deaths
"He believes, that, when in dreams he holds converse with his friends, and derives from that communion consolation for his miseries, or excitements to his vengeance" (pg.402)
Victor's recount of his journey and tale thus catches us with the present
"His fine and lovely eyes were now lighted with indignation, now subdued to downcast sorrow, and quenched in infinite wretchedness." (pg. 399)
Even in the reduced state that Victor is, Walton still holds and admires his eloquence and presence
Victor is very emotional, at times tranquilly recounting horrible incidents, other times shrieking out in rage.
"But, as if possessed of magic powers, the monster blinded me to his real intentions; and when I thought I had prepared only my own death, I hastened that of a far dearer victim" (169)
Victor and Elizabeth are married, but Victor is distracted by the monster's inevitable arrival
Victor sends Elizabeth to bed and continues to search for the monster himself
''As I heard it, the whole truth rushed into my mind, my arms dropped, the motion of every muscle and fiber was suspended; I could feel the blood trickling in my veins, and tingling in the extremities of my limbs" (173)
Victor finds Elizabeth dead and the monster fleeing
Psychologically the underlying solace he finds in his dream and his belief that the dead support him is to ease his own guilt
“Man,” I cried, “how ignorant art thou in thy pride of wisdom! Cease; you know not what it is you say” (178)
Victor dedicates the rest of his life to hunting down the monster on his own
The magistrate is unconvinced
Victor finally lets his secret out about the monster to a magistrate in Geneva
Believes that God/the dead are guiding him and giving him strength.
"What a glorious creature must he have been in the days of his prosperity, when he is thus noble and godlike in ruin." (Pg.403)
Victor tells his father the news, his father dies a few days later
"This letter revived in my memory what I had before forgotten, the threat of the fiend--"I WILL BE WITH YOU ON YOUR WEDDING-NIGHT!" Such was my sentence, and on that night would the daemon employ every art to destroy me and tear me from the glimpse of happiness which promised partly to console my sufferings."
"All my speculations and hopes are as nothing; and, like the archangel who aspired to omnipotence, I am chained in an eternal hell...Despondency rarely visited my heart; a high destiny seemed to bear me on, until I fell, never never again to rise" (pg. 403).
After the wedding, Victor and Elizabeth head to a family cottage
He becomes increasingly paranoid as his wedding day approaches
Victor is still concealing the secret of the monster but plans to inform Elizabeth on the night of their wedding
Victor and his father return to Geneva and begin planning Victor's wedding
Because of the monster's warnings, Victor feels remorse and guilty for his impending marriage
She asks whether he really loves her, because it seems like he is in love with someone else.
Receives a letter from Elizabeth
Ironic how in the beginning he was fueled by his thirst for recognition and to help humanity, but in the process he destroyed his own
Walton tries to convince Victor to live
Victor counters with what would he live for
"But I enjoyed friends, dear not only through habit and association, but from their won merits; and, wherever I am, the soothing voice of my Elizabeth and the conversation of Clerval, will be ever whispered in my ear." (pg. 405)
Although it seemed at first that Victor held no regard for family, towards his death is when we really see him express his love for his family.
Walton and crew are still stuck at see
They look to him for guidance, but he is as equally lost as they are
At this point, Walton still wants to pursue his exploration, despite the eminent danger
Walton is thinking of what his sister will feel and say when he does not return home, because he is doubtful they will come out alive
Surprisingly, Victor is very compassionate and optimistic towards Walton
"He endeavours to fill me with hope and talks as if life were a possession which he valued." (pg. 409)
Ironic because Victor has little regard for his own life and has given up on himself.
FUN FACT QUESTION:
Even though he is reduced to this state, Victor still has the power to bring optimism to other.
Walton decides to return home. The ship broke free from the ice with the crew overjoyed by the idea of returning home
Walton fears mutiny. His crew have asked him for his word to return home, should an opportunity arise
Victor, quiet until now, speaks up and scolds them for their cowardice
At this point we still see the old Victor's thirst for recognition and glory
"He spoke with a voice so modulated to the different feelings expressed in his speech, with an eye so full of lofty design and heroism...." (pg.411)
Even after hearing Victor's story, Walton says he would rather die than relent his quest
Victor's last words: "Seek tranquility and avoid ambition, even if it be only the apparently innocent one of distinguishing yourself in science and discoveries" (193).
1. What does the Monster threaten Victor with? How does Victor's interpretation of the threat affect future events?
2. What happens during Victor's pursuit of the Monster? How is Victor able to track it? What keeps Victor going?
3. What does Victor warn to Walton about the Monster?
4. Why does Walton consider Victor as his friend?
5. How is Captain Walton different from other characters that have encountered the Monster?
6. Who do you think is the real monster in this novel?
Drop some wisdom, guys.
Victor is torn between asking Walton to finish his quest, but also understand the selfishness of it
Here is when we see Victor finally aware of the consequences his actions have.
"Think not, Walton, that in the last moments of my existence I feel that burning hatred, and ardent desire of revenge I once expressed,but I feel myself justified in desiring he death of my adversary." (pg.415)
At this moment Victor finally finds peace with himself. He isn't able to fulfill his goal, and it is amazing how although he is able to see past so many things, he still has not realized his own role in his fate.
Victor at his death bed finally realizes the danger of knowledge, and warns Walton to not seek it.
The monster is hovering over Victor's dead body, crying out in anguish and fury
Victor dies, and at night Walton hears noise coming from Victors deathbed
Since the beginning of the letters, Victor has told Walton the hideous and demon presence of the monster, yet we see it weeping over its creator's death
"Do you think that I was dead to agony and remorse?..My heart was fashioned to be susceptible to love and sympathy; and when wrenched by misery to vice and hatred, it did not endure the violence of the change without torture, such as you cannot even imagine" (pg.421).
The monster loathes itself for the vengeance that it has sought, but also blames his actions on others turning him into a real monster
In a way Victor and Walton are both monsters for automatically condemning the monsters existence.
The monster became this way due to a lack of guidance and a sense of abandonment
The monster wanted to let Victor suffer by taking away all of his loved ones, but it itself suffered even more in the process. It understands the innocence of Elizabeth and Henry, and blames and hates humans even more for leading him to commit these evil actions
"I cannot believe that I am he whose thoughts were once filled with sublime and transcendent visions of the beauty and the majesty of goodness. But it is even so; the fallen angel becomes a malignant devil Yet even that enemy of God and man had friends and associates in his desolation; I am quite alone" (pg.425)
Although both Walton and Victor have condemned the creature as a monster, his himself makes him seem like a martyr.
"I shall collect my funeral pile, and consume to ashes this miserable frame, that its remains may afford no light to any curious and unhallowed wretch, who would create such another as I have been.
The creature ties himself back to nature as the biggest thing he will miss
It is not pity that you feel; you lament only because the victim of your malignity is withdrawn from your power." (pg.423)
Walton at first sympathizes with the monster, but remembers Victors warning.
The monster denies this statement, but also says he is not seeking sympathy, but instead love and happiness.
Although Walton wanted to complete Victors quest, he was the only character who sympathized with the creature.
The creature's remorse will forever eat away at him, even after death.
Spending months tracking down the monster, he becomes an avenger.
Victor's narrative comes full circle: he meets Walton and tells his story.
Victor begs Walton to continue his search for revenge
Walton's crew asks Walton to turn back; Walton reluctantly gives in
Walton finds the Monster mourning over the death of Victor, his creator
The Monster leaves to build a funeral pyre for himself and Victor
His family completely destroyed, he leaves Geneva