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Martin Luther King Jr.
Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr.
Married Coretta Scott in June 1953 and had 4 children
Martin's father Michael King Sr. was a succesful minister in 1931.
In 1954 King became a pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church of Montgomery Alabama.
He was awarded his degree in 1955 at the age of 25.
Born January 15, 1929 Atlanta,GA
Martin entered Morehouse College in Atlanta at age 15 in 1944.
While in College Theologian Reinhold Niebbuhr became a mentor to Martin.
Reihnold Niebbuhr was probably the most important influence in Kings life.
A 42 year old woman name Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white male
Parks was arrested and booked for violating the Montgomery city code
King was elected to lead a citywide bus boycott
382 days of walking to work
Martin Luther King Jr.
Leader of the civil rights movement
President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
I. Montgomery Bus Boycotting
King took legal action against the city
After being defeated in several lower court rulings and suffering large financial loss, the city lifted the law of segregated public transportation
II. Southern Christian Leadership
In 1957, king was elected president of the SCLC.
This conference would help conduct non-violent protests to promote civil rights reform.
To give African Americans a voice, they started with registering them to vote.
In 1960 King led a group of African-American students in what was called the "sit-in" movement in Greensboro, North Carolina
SCLC encouraged them to use nonviolent methods
By August the sit-ins ended segregation at lunch counters in 27 southern cities.
Martin was nearly assassinated on September 20, 1958 when Izola Ware Curry stabbed him with a letter opener.
At 6:05 am on Thursday April 4th 1968 King was shot.
He was shot while standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel.
He was taken to St. Josephs hospital where he later died.
James Earl Ray
, an escaped fugitive confessed to Killing Martin Luther King Jr. and was sentenced to 99 years in prison.
III. "I Have A Dream"
August 28, 1963, King made his famous "I Have A Dream Speech" at the Lincoln Memorial.
In his speech, King emphasized his belief that someday all men will be brothers
"I have a dream that my children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character."
200,000 people attended
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed and enforced desegregation and discrimination in public facilities
Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace prize for 1964.
Faced opposition not only from white people, but also from his own race.
Some felt that his peaceful methods were too weak
Arrested over twenty times.
His home was bombed and set on fire.
Victim of several violent attacks.
Montgomery bus boycotting
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
"I Have A Dream" Speech
Martin Luther King's dream was that one day people wouldn't be judged by the color of their skin but by the kind of person they were
Because of Martin Luther King Jr., it's now against the law in the U.S to segregate or discriminate based on skin color
His work set the standard for all nations to treat everyone equally
Not only changed the United States, he also changed the world