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Temperate Deciduous Forest

Final Project; APES; Period 2
by

Alexandra Molina

on 15 December 2013

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Transcript of Temperate Deciduous Forest

Alexandra Molina
Period 2 APES

Temperate Deciduous Forest
Geographic Location:
a. Representative Location: Stratford, CT
Food Web:
Grass
Abiotic Factors: Rock, Rocks Soil, Water,
Air, sunlight, Wind, Temperature,
Plant Litter.
Limiting Factors: Lack of Rainfall, Forest Fires and Animals that Graze.
Usually very cool and rainy most of the time. In the fall the leaves will fall off of the trees. The following spring they will emerge again. The soil is very rich with nutrients often due to the falling leaves and twigs that turn to natural fertilizer on the ground
Average Yearly Temperature:


Temperate deciduous forest go through four seasons.
The ocean and the wind are two big factors of why the
temperature and climate change so much in this biome.
Deciduous forests can be found in the eastern half of
North America, the middle of Europe, Asia, southwest
Russia, Japan, eastern China, South America, southern
Chile, Middle East coast of Paraguay, New Zealand, and
southeastern Australia.
Located at the end of Peters Lane, off James Farm Road.
A 401 acre forest; Roosevelt Forest.
Abiotic Factors; Limiting Factors:
Characteristics of Plant Communities:
"if you don't like the
weather,wait a
minute"
Characteristics of Animals & their Adaptation:
Human Use & Impact:
Current Management Strategies in Practice?
Succeeding or Failing?
Common Plants: Oak trees, Eastern Hemlock, Sycamore, Hickories, Sugar Maples, Walnuts
There are five layers found in the temperature deciduous forest biome:

1. Ground Layer- home to moss and to lichens.
2. Herb Layer- allows for short plants to grow.
3. Shrub Layer- one will find huckleberries and many other products.
4. Small Tree Layer- where the saplings are found.
5. Top Layer- one will find Maple and Oaks growing from 60 feet to 100 feet tall.
Common Animals: Raccoon, Black Bears, Bald Eagle, Opossum, Weasel, Gray Squirrel, Downy Woodpecker, Salamanders, Cougars
Birds are plentiful here because there are many insects for them to feed upon. Some of the types of birds you will find in this biome include the eagle and the cardinal. There are some extremely small living creatures including the scorpion, ant and earthworm.
Animals such as deer and black bears eat grass and shrubs. Others, like the fox, feed on other animals in the biome. Many birds and other animals migrate during the winter. Chipmunks and squirrels living in this biome will store up food including nuts for the winter ahead.



There are plenty of types of trees that grow in the temperate deciduous forest biome. They include maple and oak trees. In some areas you will find firs and spruce trees. There are also locations where evergreens are present in this particular biome. Many of these trees grow very tall. They create a type of canopy for the lower areas of the forest.
Shrubs
Mouse
Birds
Deer
Fox
Owl
Cougar
Bear (omnivore)
Insects
Cardinal
Trees
Skunk
While there are approved hunting seasons such as for deer and elk in the temperate deciduous forest biome, there are also times when these animals are hunted illegally.
The temperature deciduous forest biomes continue to be cut down. The trees from these areas are used for construction, firewood, and plenty of other materials that we use all the time. Many of these forest areas are also cleared away so that farmland can be used for growing foods.
There are some conservation efforts in place but the damage has already had a severe impact in many of these biome locations around the world.

A big part of such conservation efforts involves educating the public about what their actions cause.

We rely on the oxygen from the trees in the temperate deciduous biome more than most people realize. We also need to leave these environments in tact. Otherwise, the animals and plants that are found here will die.
One may think that as humans they are more important than these plants or animals.
However, we must realize that without them we won’t be able to survive either.
This strategy is failing
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