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The Odyssey

The Odyssey
by

matt grady

on 12 October 2016

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Transcript of The Odyssey

And Achilles
Oh, My!
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
THE ODYSSEY
The Odyssey
The Journey Of Odysseus
by Homer.
Coming Home From Troy There Is A Huge Storm!
ODYSSEUS IS LOST AT SEA!

MENELAUS IS LOST AT SEA!

TELEMACHUS' HOPE IS LOST!
Odysseus Does as Commanded
Athena Also makes him invisible until he reaches the palace. Nausicaa's Father and Mother both accept him as a guest of the house.
After many days of Odysseus listening to Poets tell of the Trojan War and Making him cry. Also, after he wrestles some of Nausicaa's Brothers (with the help of Athena making him bigger and stronger) Odysseus tells the story that you have just read. Only longer, yeah, I know right?

Alcinous figures out he is Odysseus and gives him safe passage back to Ithaca.
Athena Visits and Tells Telemachus To Go And Find News Of His Dad!
HE NEEDS TO SPEAK WITH NESTOR OF PYLOS
(THE LAST ONE TO SEE ODYSSEUS)

AND

MENELAUS OF SPARTA
(THE LAST ONE HOME)
NESTOR
While he was the last one to see Odysseus alive, that was before the storm.... He's really not much help to Telemachus, but he does give him some nice gold and silver gifts. Also, Telemachus pals around with Nestor's son and learns a little bit about being a man from his company.
THE JOURNEY OF MENELAUS
NOT THAT
HOMER!
That's The
One!
YOU ARE ABOUT TO GO ON 3 JOURNEYS.

LUCKY FOR YOU, THEY ALL TAKE PLACE IN THE SAME BOOK!
The Journey Of Telemachus
Also by Homer.
The Journey of Menelaus
By Same Dude.
ODYSSEUS IS PUNISHED BY POSEIDON FOR NOT ASKING THE gOD'S PERMISSION TO USE HIS SYMBOL FOR THE TROJAN HORSE.
HE IS ALSO PUNISHED FOR NOT SAYING, "THANKS" TO THE gODS FOR THEIR HELP IN WINNING THE WAR.
ATHENA IS ALSO ANGRY THAT CASSANDRA WAS HARMED IN ATHENA'S TEMPLE.
BUT WAIT!
THERE'S MORE!
ATHENA ALSO
WANTS ODYSSEUS
TO GO ON THIS JOURNEY TO GET
GLORY FOR HIMSELF!
STOP 1
THE LOTUS EATERS
THE LOTUS
A PLANT/DRUG THAT MAKES ODYSSEUS' MEN FORGET ABOUT EVERYTHING BUT THE PLANT. ODYSSEUS HAS TO FORCE HIS MEN TO LEAVE OR THEY WILL NEVER GET HOME.
Stop 2
The Laestrygonians
ALL OF ODYSSEUS' SHIPS ARE DESTROYED BUT HIS.
STOP 3
POLYPHEMUS
POLYPHEMUS THE CYCLOPS
ODYSSEUS AND HIS MEN ARRIVE AT THE ISLAND
OF THE CYCLOPS.

AS THEY ENTER A HUGE CAVE ODYSSEUS' MEN TRY
TO CONVINCE HIM TO STEAL THE ITEMS INSIDE AND
FLEE AS FAST AS POSSIBLE.

ODYSSEUS DOESN'T WANT TO BREAK THE LAW OF HOSPITALITY SO, THEY STAY.

THIS IS A MISTAKE.
Polyphemus returns home and immediately eats 2 of Odysseus' men!
Odysseus wants to run away with the rest of his men, BUT there is a huge rock blocking Polyphemus' doorway.
ODYSSEUS' PLAN TO ESCAPE:
FIND POINTY STICK
RIDE OUT OF THERE UNDER THE SHEEP
GET STICK
TOASTY
WARM
PLAN!
POKE
CYCLOPS IN THE EYE
GET CYCLOPS DRUNK
AND TELL HIM YOUR NAME IS NOBODY
DON'T TRY THIS AT HOME
AND IT WORKED!
STOP 4
AEOLUS
THE WIND gOD
Aeolus takes pity on Odysseus and gives him all the wind in the world in a bag.
all the wind that is, but the West Wind. Which will take Odysseus straight home!
Only 2 Instructions
FIRST: DON'T OPEN THE BAG UNTIL YOU'RE HOME!
SECOND: DON'T TELL ANYONE WHAT'S IN IT!
Eurylochus, of course asks, "What's in the bag?" When Odysseus says, "What bag?"






Eurylochus decides that it's probably...
and not
Aeolus gets mad that Odysseus didn't listen and sends him away really lost!
And gets them all sent back to Aeolus
So He Drugs Odysseus
Opens the bag 20 feet from home!
Stop 6 The Land of The Dead
Stop 5 Circe
Ajax,
Odysseus Sees His Mother. She drowned herself because she was too sad waiting for Odysseus to return from The Odyssey.

He also finds out his wife
has been faithful to
him.
Circe lets him go, but can't tell him how he will make Poseidon stop being mad at him. Odysseus has to go to the land of the dead to talk with Teiresias about Poseidon.
Eventually his crew brings Odysseus back to his senses.
And he asks for Freedom.
Eurylochus escapes and warns Odysseus.
On his way to save his crew Odysseus is stopped by Hermes.
Circe is a witch who turns most of Odysseus' Crew into pigs.
The Plan
Eat Moly
The Moly will keep the magic food of Circe from Harming Odysseus!
Threaten Circe With Sword
Become Circe's lover
Odysseus lost all free will while with Circe and was stuck for 3 years.
Because of Odysseus' extreme pride and arrogance he will be forced by Poseidon to wander the earth for 10 years. Also, Polyphemus is Poseidon's Son... Yeah, not a great move for the "Wisest" of all mortals...
Once there Odysseus sees his crewman, Elpenor, who he didn't know was dead.
Elpenor makes him promise to return to Circe's Island and give him proper burial. Odysseus agrees.
Ajax is still bitter that Odysseus got Achilles's Armor and won't talk to him.

Agamemnon reminds Odysseus of the ever popular and timely Greek saying, "Don't trust your wife!"

And Achilles is not Amused with Odysseus' greeting of calling him Lord of the Dead.
Achilles responds saying,

"I would rather have the worst possible life ever
and be alive than be the greatest king forever of the dead."
Teiresias
Finally Odysseus meets the seer.
Teiresias warns him of the dangers
ahead: The Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis.

He also makes sure to give Odysseus an extra special good reminder not to eat the sun god's cows.
"Don't
eat the
moo moos!"
Teiresias
Finally He Tells Odysseus that when The Odyssey is finally over, he will have to take a boat oar into the mountains of Ithaca until someone asks him what it is. On that spot animals will appear for him to sacrifice to Poseidon. He needs to kill them as offerings and then everything between he and Poseidon will be kosher.
Stop 7: Back To Circe
After burying Elpenor.
Circe tells Odysseus to watch out for the dangers ahead. She warns him not to fight Scylla, and she also tells him that he alone should listen to the song of the sirens.
Stop 8: The Sirens
Stop 10: Charybdis
Stop 9: Scylla
Odysseus alone must listen to the song of the sirens.
The Sirens sing a song so intoxicating that men can't resist it. Then when the men go to them the Sirens eat them.
Odysseus tells his men to tie him to the mast of the ship. Then he tells them to put beeswax in their ears. No matter what happens they are not to release him from his ropes.
Odysseus wins
major street
cred. for being
the only man
to hear the sirens and live.
Even though he's not supposed to. Odysseus tries to fight Scylla, the immortal goddess who can't be killed no matter how much he wants to do it... And he loses 12 men instead of 6. He also doesn't tell his men about the danger of Scylla so that they won't be distracted from rowing.
While he's distracted by Scylla the boat nearly gets swept into Charybdis. Also, a goddess.
Stop 11: The Island of The Sun god's cows.
Charybdis Nearly destroyed Odysseus' Ship, and to make matters worse Poseidon made the seas too stormy for the men to leave for several weeks.
Odysseus swore his men to not eat the cows. Which all agreed
happily not to do... But days turned to weeks and weeks to hunger
because they used up all the food stores they had on the ship.
So, while Odysseus took a nap (Yes, again)
Eurylochus convinced the rest of the crew that it would be better to drown than starve. They eat all the cows. And the storm stops. Odysseus wakes up and yells for his crew to stop, but it is too late. They are doomed. All leave the island happy except for Odysseus, who knows his crew will soon be dead.
Then The Cows Said,
Stop 13: Back to Charybdis
Helios
Demands Justice. And Zeus still angry at Odysseus for the fall of Troy offers to help.
Stop 12: The Thunder Bolt of Zeus
Odysseus' men are all killed. The Boat is destroyed except for a small piece of the mast which Odysseus clings to.
Odysseus is sucked into Charybdis, but at the last second a branch that hangs over the center of the whirlpool dips low enough that he can leap to it and hold on until the mast is spit back out.
Stop 14: Calypso's Island.

Odysseus spends 7 years without free will to leave or resist Calypso in any way.

He spends every day crying over the wife that he misses back in Ithaca.
This is where book one finds Odysseus, but this isn't his last stop on the journey home.
By royal decree of Zeus and Athena, Hermes is
sent to Calypso's Island to tell her to release Odysseus.

This, of course, makes her angry, but she agrees to let him leave.

She promises him she won't hurt him or help him on his journey home as Zeus has strictly forbidden anyone, mortal or god, to help Odysseus (To keep Poseidon from freaking out at Zeus) until Odysseus reaches Phaeacia, the kingdom of good king Alcinous.

Odysseus builds a raft.
After the Raft is Built He says, "Bye."
Odysseus spends 18 days floating on the raft with no food.
As He is About to Reach Land on Phaeacia Poseidon sends one last storm at him. But, *Ino comes to Odysseus' Rescue.
Ino tells Odysseus that if he wants to live he needs to take off all of his clothes and put on a bracelet that she will give him. The bracelet will essentially put a force field around him protecting him from the waves. He has to promise that once he's on land he will throw the bracelet back.
He does.
Even with the bracelet it still takes almost 2 days for Odysseus to reach land. Once he does he throws the bracelet back to Ino and Athena puts him under a deep sleep.
*But didn't Zeus say no one could help Odysseus?!
*No! He said no god or mortal could help him.
*Ino has a loophole. She was a mortal that
Zeus turned into a goddess. She's the only one in creation not bound by Zeus's decree.
The Journey of Odysseus
Stop 15: The Raft
of Odysseus
Stop 16: Phaeacia and The End!
When Odysseus awakes from Athena's sleep. He encounters Nausicaa, daughter of Alcinous, who has been told in a dream (by Athena) that she will meet her future husband soon and that she should take all of the laundry to wash it.
When Odysseus sees her he knows she's the difference between his living and dying.
He must be careful, however, Nausicaa is only about 13, and Odysseus is about 40.
Greek customs/laws said that when you begged someone to follow the law of Hospitality you had to grab them around their knees. And beg for your life.
Washing Clothes on Rocks
Begging in this situation would not have been a good idea for Odysseus, which is an example of his epic wisdom. Not only because he would scare her, him being so old and she so young, but also because she's doing laundry. All the laundry.
There are several reasons why everyone is naked in this scene of the story.
1) To show that Odysseus has finally learned humility.

2) To show how Odysseus practices chastity. He just wants to go home and see his loving wife. All other women are only secondary to her (Including Calyspo... a goddess.)

3) To show Odysseus's Epic Wisdom.

4) He's the Epic Hero We're Supposed To Learn What He Does And Follow His Example.

5) He has finally learned to trust the gods. (That's why he's naked in the first place, remember?)
So, instead of begging for his life, he flatters her asking if she is a goddess. (SMART MAN!)
1) If she is a goddess, she will be pleased that he has recognized her.
2) If she isn't what better compliment?
After much discussion
Nausicaa gives Odysseus clothes to wear
and instructions to go to her father's Palace
and Beg her mother for his life. Then he is to sit
in the fire place.
The Journey of Telemachus
What We Learn From The Story Of Menelaus
While it wasn't as long, he did go through an Odyssey too. 3 years worth.
This gives Telemachus Hope that someone can survive a longer than expected/hoped for return home.
Menelaus was also kept away from home by a god.
He was held up by a river god near the Nile.
Eventually, the god's daughter took pity on Menelaus and his men and told them the secret to getting free.
They would have to hide under seal skins until her father came then they would have to hold him down until he agreed to let them go.
Odysseus figured out how to hide under the sheep all by himself. A goddess told Menelaus to do that... The last thing we learn from Menelaus' story is that Odysseus is as smart as the gods.
Drama Queen!
Agamemnon,
Also nakedness is a symbol of total submission to the will of the gods. He has no pride to hide behind.
Until This
x 12
And This!
And Penelope?
Just For Fun
3A
Full transcript