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Copy of Copy of Broadacre City

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S Musa

on 3 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Broadacre City

Broadacres
Bitter Root
Garden City

Ville Radiuse
Broadacre City
Wright's Major Verbal Theses
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright Versus America
The 1930s
COntemporaries
Wright's Major Verbal Theses
Frank Lloyd Wrong?
or Was Wright right?
Theses:
No private ownership of public needs
No landlord or tenant
No "housing". No subsistence homesteads
No traffic problems
No railroads. No streetcars
No poles. No wires in site
No headlights. No light fixtures
No glaring cement roads or walks
No tall buildings except in isolated parks
No slum. No scum
No major or minor axis
"Imagine spacious landscaped highways...Giant roads, themselves great archiecture, pass public service stations, no longer eyesores, expanded to include all kinds of service and comfort. They unite and separate - separate and unite the series of diversfied units, the farm units, the factory units, the roadside markets, the garden schools, the dwelling places (each on its acre of individually adorned and cutivated ground), the places for pleasure and leisure. All of these units so arranged and so integrated that each citizen of the future will have all forms of production, distribution, self improvement, enjoyment, within a radius of a hundred and fifty miles of his home now easily and speedily available by means of his car or his plane. This integral whole composes the great city that I see embracing all of this country - the Broadacre City of tomorrow."
-Wright
The present city, Wright said, was ugly, conjested, poorly administered and an economic disaster...

"The city is a place for banking and prostitution and very little else." -Wright
The grid:
1 acre = the smallest unit
40 acres = a square
20 miles = regional grid
Technological + Agrarian
Nature + Culture
Individuality
"There should be as many types of homes as there are types of people, for it is the individuality of the occupants that should give character and color to the building." -Wright
Wright wanted to maintain the vitality of a city's culture while preserving man's need to be in nature.
Modern technology should be directed towards a proper end: human freedom.
Farm Units + Factory Units
Before Brodacre City, Bitter Root was Wright's first foray into community planning in 1909.
The Garden City movement initiated by Sir Ebenezer Howard sought to address similar issues as Wright's Broadacre City
Le Corbusier's alternative to the city embracing technology (the machine) and garnering radical social change
Rather than hide industry away from the community, Wright sought to integrate it harmoniously.
Town-Country benefits have cooperation, beauty, nature, green fields, green parks, good utilities, good commerce, social opportunity, high wages, low rents, low price rates, and low pollution
Garden Cities at their heart have a central garden, with rings of dwellings, shops, roads, industry, fields, and farms. The ordered layout is meant to improve biological, social, economic, and personal life for everyone.
Central City is shown with a constellation of satellite micro-cities (garden cities, towns, villages, developments).
Envisioned as an antidote to the filth of the (mostly European) cities which were just beginning to be rebuilt from the horrors of the World War; the logical planning of this machine city was conceived as a centrally-planned community of the now-famous towers in parks.
His solution was La Ville Radieuse in which buildings are raised on stilts to permit the countryside to run freely below and freeways are likewise raised above ground to permit the unimpeded flow of pedestrian movement. It was the original tower-in-the-park project.
Q+A
Let's have a discussion!
Full transcript