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Constructed Response - Essay Format

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by

Frank Williams

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of Constructed Response - Essay Format

MO:
Recall and identify the essential elements and format of a constructed response (aka open-ended response).

constructed
response essay

Introduction Paragraph
Conclusion Paragraph
1. Restate the question in sentence form. Make sure you state the title and author of the book in the first sentence.
2. Add a sentence that gives a preview of what you'll be talking about.
1. Start with a transition
word or phrase.

2. Write a sentence that describes the paragraph topic (see second sentence of introduction)
1st Body Paragraph
1st Body Paragraph Continued...
Do you need to add other sentences to your first body paragraph? It depends on the question that you're answering. If so, follow steps 2-5.
1st Paragraph Continued.....
1. Use a transition phrase to show that you're ending the essay.
Example Question: Does Rainsford change significantly enough in "The Most Dangerous Game" to be considered a dynamic character?

First sentence of introduction: In "The Most Dangerous Game" by Richard Connell, Rainsford changes significantly enough to be considered a dynamic character.
Second Sentence of introduction: His
attitude toward animals
and his
attitude towards humans
are the most important characteristics that changed throughout the story.
This will be the first big thing I talk about!
This will be
the second
big thing
I talk about!
Firstly,
First of all,
In the beginning,
At first,
The first characteristic...
Example: First of all, Rainsford's attitude toward animals changes dramatically.
3. Add details about your paragraph topic. (This should NOT be a summary!)
Example: In the beginning of the story, Rainsford's attitude toward animals is uncaring.
4. Use a line from the story (with " ") or a VERY SPECIFIC example to back up your claim.
Example: For instance, Rainsford asks, "Who cares how a jaguar feels?"


5. Write a sentence explaining the point of your quote or example.
Example: This line shows that Rainsford doesn't consider an animal's feelings to be important.
Example: By the end of the story, Rainsford has changed to become more understanding in his attitude toward animals. For example, the author tells us that "he knew now how an animal at bay feels." That shows the reader that Rainsford has become more empathetic.
Other body paragraphs
1. Follow
exactly
the
same pattern
as the 1st body paragraph.
Example: Secondly, Rainsford's attitude about human life changed. In the beginning of the story he claimed to be against murder except in times of war. For instance, when Zaroff tells him about the game, Rainsford says that his experiences in the war did not make him "condone cold-blooded murder!" This shows that he felt like human life had value. At the very end of the story, though, Rainsford has plotted to hide and kill Zaroff. He jumps out from behind the curtain to duel Zaroff; then he sleeps soundly in Zaroff's bed after he's murdered him! That is evidence that he no longer feels that human life is precious.
In conclusion, Therefore,
Clearly, It is clear that....
This evidence shows that....
Accordingly,
2. Restate your opening sentence.
Example: In conclusion, it is clear that Rainsford is a dynamic character.
3. Add a closing statement. It could sound like your 2nd sentence from your introduction.
Example: This is shown by the change in his attitude towards both animals and humans.
Reminder: Indent all new paragraphs!
Reminder: Lines from another text need to be in " " with a comma.
Jack London wrote, "It really was cold."
Reminder:
The constructed response essay consists of claims, assertions, and opinions. You must
use the book
and
your brain
to
answer the questions
provided.
Have you used the phrase "I think" or "I believe?" Get rid of it!
Look at the difference:
I think that Rainsford is a dynamic character.
VS
Rainsford is a dynamic character.
Other transition phrases you could use: Secondly Finally In addition Additionally Also
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS
of the CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE:
USE EVIDENCE FROM THE TEXT (“DIRECT QUOTATIONS”) TO ANSWER QUESTIONS.

MAKE A CONNECTION USING YOUR SCHEMA TO SHOW EXTENSION BEYOND THE TEXT.

ADDRESS EACH BULLET WITH A PARAGRAPH RESPONSE THAT INCLUDES THE AFOREMENTIONED.
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