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USVA - Causes of the American Civil War

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Colin Farrell

on 15 December 2015

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Transcript of USVA - Causes of the American Civil War

Causes of the American Civil War
The Road to Division
The Nullification Crisis
Expansion of the Northwest
Slave Rebellions
Growing Pains & Band-Aids
"Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Fugitive Slave Act
Kansas-Nebraska Act, Bleeding Kansas
Dredd Scott Case
Caning of Sumner
Election of 1860
South Carolina attempted to nullify the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832; President Jackson threatened to use force against SC if it did not comply
Railroads, canals, and business in the north began creating ties to the Northwest and Midwest, leaving the South on the out; Southern states' economies and culture were left in the past
Turner and Prosser's Rebellions, and John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry, provided evidence to the Southern conspiracy theory that slaves (with Northern help) would rise up against white Southerners
As the country grew west, the issue of slavery needed resolving. The Missouri Compromise, 1850 Compromise did not solve any problems regarding slavery; they simply kicked the issue further down the road
Harriet Beecher Stowe's iconic novel was thought to have been commissioned and paid for by Northern states (Southern conspiracy theory); it depicted the realities of slavery in the South
For the first time ever, large portions of the Northern population are forced to confront the reality of slavery and pick a side on the issue; it forced abolitionists to have a hand in slavery
This whole incident was a microcosm for the Civil War; it showed that popular sovereignty would probably not be a good policy in regards to the spread of slavery
Ruling against Scott determined the Federal Government had no ability to rule on slavery anywhere in the territories; this-in effect-legalized slavery everywhere outside the original 13 states
California to be a free state
Updated fugitive slave law
Popular sovereignty—residents of new territories vote to decide slavery

1850 Compromise
Full transcript