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Transcript of SCASI Elements
Time of Day
Protagonist: Who the conflict is happening to
Exposition: the setting and the characters
Author's life and times
Antagonist: Who is causing the conflict
Foil: Someone who acts as an opposite of a character and brings out the traits of that character more fully
Archetype: Someone who is the same character in all literature
Stereotype: Someone who is characterized based by a generalization
Conflict: the problem
Rising Action: the development of the conflict that leads to the climax
Climax: the turning point
Falling Action: the conflict begins to lead to the resolution
Denouement/Resolution: the conflict is resolved
Suspense: excitement created in a story
Flashback: the story "flashes" back to events that happen before the story begins
Foreshadowing: clues that the author gives that tell the reader what will happen next
Figurative language: imagery, metaphor, personification, similes, ect.
Irony: the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
Dramatic: something that the audience knows that the characters do not
Situational: an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected, the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually does
Verbal: a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant; also can be defined as sarcasm
Point of View
First Person: a point of view in which an "I" or "we" serves as the narrator of a piece of fiction
Limited Third Person: a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows only the thoughts and feelings of a single character, while other characters are presented only externally.
Omniscient Third Person: a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story
Objective: like a roving video camera
Unreliable: involves the use of a non-credible or untrustworthy narrator.
Shifting: changes in point of view
Structure: How the literature is organized
Title: Sometimes important; other times not important
Tone is the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work.
Tone may be formal, informal, intimate, solemn, somber, playful, serious, ironic, condescending, or many other possible attitudes.
Tone and mood are not interchangeable.
The tone of a story is often defined as what the author is feeling towards the subject, rather than what the reader feels.
What the reader feels is defined as the mood.
Theme is the message of the author
The message may be about life, society, or human nature.
Themes often explore timeless and universal ideas
Must be stated in a complete sentence