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Naz Shaf

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of ethiopia

Nazila, Ada, Maren Ethiopia •Social, cultural, economic determinants Physical Environment population: approximately 94,000,000

median age: 16.8 years

population growth rate: 3.179%

urban population: 17% of total

infant mortality rate: 68 deaths/1000 live births

life expectancy: 59 years Access to Health Services Healthy Behaviors 34% of women receive care from a professional during pregnancy.

38% of population using improved drinking water sources, 2008
-98% of urban populations
-26% of rural populations

12% of population using improved sanitation facilities, 2008
-29% of urban populations
-8% of rural populations

5% of routine EPI vaccines were financed by government in 2010

33% of population sleeps under INTs Political and Economic Environment Background Economics GNI per capita: $380 USD
1% of government spending allocated to healthcare
5% of government spending allocated to education

Economy mainly based on agriculture (COFFEE)
-means they are dependent on the weather Politics Ethiopia is a federal republic

The president is Girma Wolde-Giorgis.
The Prime Minister is Haile Mariam Desalegne.

Government system split into Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches MNCH Progress Towards MDGs Social Environment Education Socioeconomic Status Social Capital MDG Progress Orphaned in Ethiopia Women in Ethiopia have only recently gained equal rights Culture and Gender Norms A Woman's View Timeline of Gender Equality Policy 1991: Women are no longer property!

They are citizens too and equally protected by the law. 2000: The Revised Family Code
Property rights and decision making rights.
Prohibits early marriage, polygamy 2005: Revised Criminal Code

It is illegal for a man to beat his wife, to circumcise women or girls,to abduct girls for marriage, and to rape a woman outside of wedlock 2 4 5 Ethiopian News Maternal Mortality

A Case Study One Moms in Ethiopia New rule on vaccine to help fight meningitis in remotest Africa September November October Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan, and Sudan.
English is the primary language in Ethiopia, with a dominance in Christian and Muslim religions.
Oromo, Amhara, and Tigreans comprise the major of racial groups, although there are 77 total . Education: Years compulsory--none.
Attendance (elementary)--87.9%.
youth male: 56%
youth female: 30% Work force: Agriculture--80%. Industry and commerce--20% Birth Birth Control Pregnancy Maternal Health Antenatal care coverage (%), At least once: 28 Delivery care coverage (%), Skilled attendant at birth: 6 Delivery care coverage (%), Institutional delivery: 5 Child health http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/46593000/gif/_46593103_ethiopia_malnourished_226gr.gif Ethiopia's malnourished Population Drought costs $1.1bn a year

70% of humanitarian aid from US

6.2m need emergency food aid

7.5m others chronically food insecure A cheap meningitis vaccine MenAfriVac has been approved by the WHO; it can last 4 days not refrigerated and is made by the Indian generic drugmaker Serum Institute for 50 cents a dose A study from the Gilgel Gibe in 2006 observed a case study of this region; over 94% of births in this area are at-home births with traditional birth attendants or family members present.

Nearly 1/3 of all women here had not heard of family planning methods in any form. Of those who had, only 20% had actually used any family planning methods, modern or traditional. Ethiopian Health System Access to healthcare in Ethiopia varies by region, but is one of the main issues addressed by the Health Extension Program. The strongest ties and most valuable relationships in Ethiopia are at the family and community level. Because the majority of the population is rural, most social networks are community, or kebele, based. Ethiopian culture is based on a patriarchy. Women don't have very much agency or self-determination. They follow gender norms silently, submissively. Women are more likely to do unpaid work, stay at home, and have very little decision-making capacity.

68.4% of women support wife-beating.
29% of women are worried about receiving permission to seek health. Ethiopia has one of the largest orphan populations in the world. It is estimated that 4.6 million children are orphans; 800,000 of which are orphaned by HIV/AIDS. Ethiopia http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/wp-content/uploads/Ethiopia-school-enrolment-rates.png
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