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The Great Gatsby

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Bianca N

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby

SNOW WHITE
& THE SEVEN DWARFS
MARXIST LENS
Main focus deals with the idea of the upper class and the relationship between employer and employee.
The two main groups of people are the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariats. Bourgeoisies are the property owning class. Proletariats are the industrial working class. This concept mirrors the employer and employee relationship.
“There was a machine in the kitchen which could extract the juice of two hundred oranges in half an hour, if a little button is pressed two hundred times by a butler's thumb”. (Pg.44)
CONNECTION TO
DEATH OF A SALESMAN
Downfall of protagonists, Jay Gatsby and Willy Loman.
Willy, Tom and Gatsby attempt to hide their affairs from their partners and people around them, creating difficult situations for themselves.
Both novels express the theme of wanting the “American Dream”.
Willy believed the American dream was his last resort of being happy and being successful for himself and his family. He wanted to provide for his sons and wife and be able to live in happiness and wealth.
Gatsby desired that American dream right from when he was a young boy. His parents could barely provide for him so he decided to leave and search for a better life. He fulfilled the American dream by accumulating the wealth he desired but instead was not happy.
Both men had desires that indirectly killed them.


SUMMARY
Nick Carraway moves to New York and lives in West Egg.
His cousin Daisy and her husband Tom Buchanan live in the more prestigious East Egg.
Tom has a mistress, Myrtle Wilson, the wife of a mechanic of a poor, desolate area called the Valley of Ashes.
Nick also lives next door to Jay Gatsby, a mysterious man with an unclear past and secret love affair for Daisy.
Climax occurs after Tom, Daisy, Gatsby, Nick and Jordan decide to go to New York. Tom confronts Gatsby of his love for Daisy and his past.
The Devil Wears Prada:
Relates to marxism and the theme of the hollowness of upper class.
Andreas Sachs, and Gatsby, made their way to the top and it was only after they arrived there and realized how hollow the upper class was. Gatsby and Andrea were unhappy from their accumulated wealth because they felt like they lost everything worth holding on to including Andrea’s relationship with her boyfriend and Gatsby’s long pursued love, Daisy.


The Great Gatsby
Checkmate
When driving back, Daisy runs over Myrtle with Gatsby’s car. When Mr. Wilson assumes it was Gatsby driving, he goes to his house and shoots him point blank while he is in the pool then turning the gun on himself.
After only his father and Nick attend Gatsby’s funeral, Nick decides that the East is too corrupt and full of moral decay and decides to head back west.
Proletariats
Bourgeoisie
Upper class people portrayed as people with low morals and a void of unhappiness that could not be filled.
Nick comments on the low morals of this Eastern society in an analogy near the end of the book.
He describes a drunken woman covered in jewels. How men walk into the wrong house and no one notices or cares. Nick uses these example to describe how the West, with its high morals and class, is far superior to the East and how New York has become a place of moral decay.
His analogy of the drunken woman is used to describe his experiences at Gatsby’s parties and how people of high class mask their unhappiness with alcohol.
The man walking into the building without anyone caring demonstrates how men are also promiscuous and unfaithful, Like Tom and his adultery.

CONNECTION TO HAMLET

Same plot of disorder and the idea that the natural order has been disturbed. In Hamlet this is the King’s murder and in The Great Gatsby it is the character of Gatsby himself and the idea that something is unclear about Gatsby. We then learn that he has swindled and cheated his way to the top like Claudius.
Gatsby compared to Claudius because they are both determined to reach their goal.
Tom Buchanan similar to Polonius that they both treat women as possessions. Polonius treats Ophelia like a dog while Tom treats Daisy like a piece of property.
Daisy similar to Queen Gertrude in that both are blissfully ignorant to the wrongdoings of their husband. Daisy pretends not to know about Tom’s adultery and decides not to jeopardize her comfortable life by bringing it up. Gertrude also remained ignorant to his husband’s untimely death and accepted this as the natural order.

THEMES
Appearance vs. Reality in The Great Gatsby: Upper class hiding their unhappiness though alcohol. Shows the hollowness of upper class and how they fill their void through alcohol like at Gatsby’s parties. Moral Decay of society.
Appearance vs. Reality in Hamlet: If King's ghost is really present or an unwanted spirit. Hamlets madness appears to be real, but really all an act.
Revenge and Death in The Great Gatsby: Myrtle gets run over and her husband takes out his revenge on killing Gatsby.
Revenge and Death in Hamlet: Avenge his father’s murder.



Gatsby’s workers are Proletariats because they use the juicers, which are the industrial machines of the Bourgeoisie (Gatsby).
Workers do not own the equipment so they can be exploited and threatened with the loss of their job. Without the work of the butlers, Gatsby’s parties would not be possible and therefore he depends on his workers to maintain his mansion and status.
CONNECTION TO
FIFTH BUSINESS
Character Comparison:
Nick is similar to Dunstan in which they both have good morals and ethics.
Nick is not superficial like Daisy, Tom and those categorized in the East and West Egg even though he too comes from a family of wealth. Nick is the first person to know the true story of Gatsby without judging or believing in the rumours said about him.
Dunstan feels guilt and remorse for the incident that happened to Mary Dempster. He accepts full responsibility even though it was not his entire fault.
Both Nick and Dunny become a role of fifth business.
Nick becomes a fifth business in Gatsby's life by befriending him, knowing the secret of his past and assists him in developing a romance with Daisy.
Dunstan becomes a role in Paul Dempster's life from his birth. He befriends Paul and becomes his mentor to teach him things like magic and Saints.
OTHER
CONNECTIONS
WALL E:
The idea that wealthy people externalize their problems, passing them off to the lower class, demonstrating their carelessness and exploitation of others.
One quote from The Great Gatsby has a significant similarity to the film: “"They were careless people, Tom and Daisy--they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made."(Page 170)
The people in the film abused the Earth to a point that it became uninhabitable. They then left the mess for the droids to clean up, externalizing their problems and demonstrating true carelessness for their planet.
Daisy also shows her carelessness when she runs away after killing Myrtle with Gatsby’s car.
THEMES &
SYMBOLS
Themes:
Appearance vs. Reality (Disorder)
Shallowness of the Upper Class
Decline of the American Dream
Careless of the Rich
Can't Recreate the Past

Symbols:
Green Light
Valley of Ashes
Eyes of Dr. T.J Eckleburg
East Egg
West Egg
Alcohol

MESSAGE
The idea that "Money Does Not Buy Happiness"
The wealthy aristocrats presented in the novel seek external happiness by having affairs, drinking excess amounts of alcohol, or trying to rekindle an old flame.
One of the many examples of seeking happiness and covering tension with alcohol can be found on when Daisy says to Tom, “Open the whisky, Tom, and I’ll make you a mint julep. Then you won’t seem so stupid to yourself…..Look at the mint!” (Page 123).
The tension between Daisy and Tom is always masked with alcohol, whether they are entertaining guests or attending a garden party.
People are never happy because of what society offers. They always want the best of the best, and when they have it, it gets thrown away to make room for more.
In terms of human behavior Fitzgerald comments on a person’s tendency to commit adultery, and uses Tom as an example of an unfulfilled man who is seeking something which he could not find with Daisy.

“Life is like a game of chess.
To win you have to make a move.
Knowing which move to make comes with in-sight and knowledge, and by learning the lessons that are accumulated along the way. We become each and every piece within the game called life!"
(Taken from "The Master's Sacred Knowledge")

-Allan Rufus, The Master's Sacred Knowledge


Workers (Proletariat's)

Royal (Bourgeoisie)
ARCHETYPES
Tragic Hero-
Gatsby went on a quest of self-fulfillment to reach his desired goal of happiness.
Falls madly in love with Daisy which leads him to his tragic death.
He took the blame for the murder of Myrtle when Daisy was to blame, and her actions got Gatsby shot.
Temptress-
Daisy appears to be in love with Gatsby with her charm, but it was really just an infatuation with his money and success.
Villain-
Tom is the villain by having an affair on his wife with Myrtle.
He is a conceited man with a horrible personality to all people.
Loner/Outcast-
Nick is the loner trying to find his place in the world.
He does not fit in with the people of East and West Egg as they are shallow, stuck-up snobs.
When he leaves New York, he realizes he never belonged there all along.
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