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Afghanistan

Mini ABC Research Project
by

Miranda Burrous

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Afghanistan

F The strongest tie among Afghan groups is their Islamic religion. "Afghan dishes use a lot of spices, but they are neither too hot nor pungent, and in contrast to it's western neighbors, Afghan food is most definitely not bland." R Afghanistan Afghanistan is a mountainous country which lies in south-central Asia. It is land locked by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan,
Iran, China, and Pakistan. It's also made up of three main land regions; The northern
Plains, The Central Highlands, and The Southwestern Lowlands. "Two-thirds of their people are farmers or
herdsmen, but only 12% of the land is cultivated. The Amu Darya is Afghanistan's largest river, but the
Helmand in the southwest is longer. Both of these rivers are fed by melting snow
and glaciers in the mountains. E conomy This country has extensive natural gas, coal,
and iron deposits. Some agricultural products/crops are wheat, corn/maize, rice, and barley. Livestock are cattle, donkey, goats, and sheep. The exports are fruits, nuts, cotton, carpets, karakul skins, opium, handwoven carpets, wool, hides and pelts. Works Cited W omen 87 percent of Afghan women are illiterate.
Only 30 percent of girls do have access to education in Afghanistan.
1 in every 3 Afghan women experience physical, psychological or sexual violence.
The average life expectancy rate for women is only 44 years.
Still to this day, 70 to 80 percent of women face forced marriages in Afghanistan. "Over 1400 years ago, Islam demanded that men and women be equal before God, and gave them various rights such the right to inheritance, the right to vote, the right to work, and even choose their own partners in marriage. But for centuries now, women have been denied these rights either by official government decree or by their own husbands, fathers, and brothers." Facts G eography L anguages "Pashto and Dari (Afghan Persian/Farsi) are the official languages of Afghanistan. Dari, is the Afghan version of Persian language, is the most spoken language in Afghanistan. Most people in Afghanistan are bilingual, because there are two national languages." About 50% speak Dari, Pashtu 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, and there are 30 minor languages. Word 'Dari' relates to word 'Dara' or 'Valley'. Language Dari was born in Khorasan, a mountainous land where valleys were abundant. ood The types of food served is symbolic and very well appreciated. Qaabuli Pallow is the crown of Afghan cooking and served to special guests or on special occasions such as weddings. Letee is served to new mothers because of its easy on the stomach yet high nutritive value. "Afghans also believe food is elemental in nature, and can be hot or cold, or be neutral in the body. Food even has special meaning. Such as stepping on a piece of dropped bread is considered sinful." ravel T Band-e-Amir
"The five lakes of Band-e Amir are a beautiful location of Afghanistan they are formed naturally with extraordinary geological formations. The cluster of five lakes is also called the lake of jewels. The lakes are the color of water is deep blue. Any traveler in Afghanistan has several places to explore. Here is brief account of the important places to visit in Afghanistan. These are just a few destinations: Kabul Museum
Once considered a valuable record of Central Asian history, Kabul Museum, also known as Afghanistan National Museum, was home to some of the finest collections in Central Asia. The Museum was built in 1920. Many objects from early Buddhism and early Islam were hosted in the Museum. Some early manuscripts, miniatures, weapons and art objects belonging to former royal families were also kept here. (http://justthetravel.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/band-e-amir-4.jpg) (http://cache2.allpostersimages.com/p/LRG/21/2175/4JVCD00Z/posters/sweeney-jane-concrete-barricade-to-stop-suicide-bombers-outside-kabul-museum-kabul-afghanistan.jpg)
Tora Bora
Tora Bora, which can literally translated as Black Dust, is a cave complex in eastern Afghanistan. The complex hosts itselt in the White Mountains locally known as Safed Koh. Tora Bora is approximately 50km west of the Khyber Pass. The US forces battled with Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Tora Bora, during the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001." (http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/264529-58022-53.jpg) (http://static.flickr.com/2095/2006442924_174c0165e6.jpg) (http://static.flickr.com/2095/2006442924_174c0165e6.jpg) "Languages of Afghanistan". Saarc Tourism., 2009. Web. <http://afghanistan.saarctourism.org/language.html> M (http://images.bwbx.io/cms/2012-04-26/econ_coal18__01__630x420.jpg) (http://www.bbc.co.uk/pashto/images/pashto_text.gif) (http://s3media3.ak.yelpcdn.com/bphoto/a7xfjlILMuTvuVDptoko6g/l.jpg (http://www.cbc.ca/gfx/images/news/photos/2009/04/01/afghan-women-cp-w6373657.jpg) eligion The overwhelming majority of Afghans (about 99 percent) are Muslims. About 84 percent of the Afghan Muslims are Sunnies and about 15 percent are Shiites. The literacy rate is only 28.1%. The first vice president is Mohammad Fahim Khan and the second vice president is Abdul Karim Khalili. P olitics Afghanistan is an Islamic republic. It's President is Hamid Karzai and there are two vice presidents. It has an executive, legislative and judicial branch, just like the United States does. The real national name is Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Afghanestan. usic I nteresting facts Some imports include textiles, machinery, vehicles, and petroleum. (http://www.critternook.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Sheep.jpg) (http://theendofbeing.com/wpcontent/uploads/2010/08/islam.jpg) A few genres of Afghan music are Aboriginal Traditional, Danzun, Marrabenta, and Senegalese Pop. Goutierre, Thomas. "Afghanistan". The World Book. Chicago: World Book Inc., 2004. Print. (Goutierre) Shruder, John. "Afghanistan". Compton's Encyclopedia. Elmhurst, Illinios: Success Publishing Group, LTD., 2001. Print. (Shruder) (Languages of Afghanistan) Qazi, Christi . "Afghan Cooking". 2008. Web. <http://www.afghan-web.com/woman/> (Qazi, Christi) Qazi, Abdullah. "The Plight of the Afghan Women". 2010. Web. <http://www.afghan-web.com/woman/>. (Qazi, Abdullah) "Places to Visit". Saarc Tourism. , 2009. Web. <http://afghanistan.saarctourism.org/places-visit.html>. The Shahnai, literally meaning the King of Bamboo, is also called the oboe of northern India. It was one of the nine instruments associated with the ensembles of royal courts. The following are some instruments: The Sitar was invented in the last part of the 18th century. Its inventor was Amir Khusrau Khan. The Tabla evolved as a percussion instrument. Amir Khusrau was the first person to cut a two sided drum in half and and called it tabla, the word tabla is arabic meaning drum. (https://encryptedtbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTxkve0rcX7aPpDmlytWzgLAg8SzVzlEFSZwqmfPWcwx4KChN) (https://encryptedtbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT15G4YjoTPPI3Y0XYGbFs5YQXeGK90Yaw0Y5X7DayAOdeOXjY3uQ) (https://encryptedtbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR2Rt7rZ8rlS_VIcie58LPktRAC47zThbMeuMbsKmdGo0mxQ2q9x8qT1Ry) Momand , Wahid. Instruments of Afghanistan. Afghanland, 2000. Web.<http://www.afghanland.com/entertainment/music/instruments/instruments.html>. The Quran is their source for their knowledge. All Muslims follow the Islamic law, also called Shariah law. Islam: The Main Afghanistan Religion Today. 2011. Web. <http://www.about-afghanistan.com/afghanistan-religion.html>. The next presidential election will be held on 05 April 2014. (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Afghanistan_flag_1931-1973.jpg) ("Islam: The Main Afghanistan Religion Today" ) Pike, John. Afghanistan - Politics. 2012. Web. <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/afghanistan/politics.htm>. (Pike) ("Places to Visit") (Momand) The New Year in Afghanistan, called Nawroz, is celebrated on March 21st, which is the first day of spring. Afghanistan's national game is called Buzkashi, or in other words, goat-grabbing. It's a sport where the players in two teams try to catch a goat while riding on a horse. It has been played for centuries and it even got sponsors for it now. Afghanistan celebrates its independence on August 19th from Britain. Afghanistan wasn't actually part of the British Colony. However, they went into war three times until Afghanistan declared its independence in 1919. ("Ten Fun Facts about Afghanistan") (http://www2.pictures.zimbio.com/gi/Afghans+Play+Traditional+Game+Buzkashi+05jDAYVzIfnl.jpg) Ten Fun Facts about Afghanistan. 2013. Web.
<http://www.10-facts-about.com/Afghanistan/id/68>. W orks Cited
Continued Islam is monotheistic. They call their god Allah, which is the Arbic word for "God"
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