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Exploring Myths Middle School

What is mythology? What are the parts of a myth?

Alicia Pepe

on 1 February 2018

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Transcript of Exploring Myths Middle School

What is mythology?
Mythology is the word used to describe
the myths of a particular society.

Every culture has its own myths that helps us understand its customs and ways of viewing the world.
Exploring Myths
What is the purpose of myths?
Myths can...
1. Explain how things came to be - like the origin of the universe of the creation of humans

2. Teach people about the values and beliefs that are important in their society

3. Contain deep religious significance to the people who tell and believe in them.

Studying myths can teach us about people around the world - their cultures and what is (or was) important to them.
Do myths really matter today?
Absolutely! References to Greek mythology are all around us.
~ Ever heard of Nike brand athletic gear? Meet Nike, goddess of victory!

~ What would Valentine's Day be without the god of love, Cupid (or Eros, as the ancient Greeks called him)?

~ Does
Apollo 13
ring a bell? The first crewed U.S. space missions were named for Apollo, the god of the sun

Bottom line: Allusions
) to ancient myths are everywhere, and knowing about them will help you understand more about the world we live in!
Myths Examples
Fairest of Them All

Gods and Goddesses Involved:
Aphrodite, Hera, Athena, Zeus, Hermes

Mortals Involved:
Paris and Helen

What it explains:
This myth explains how the famous Trojan war got started. The Trojan war is a big part of many myths and was an epic battle between the Greeks and the Trojans, two different groups of people from Ancient Greece.
Demeter and Persephone
The Reason for the Seasons

Gods and Goddesses Involved:
Demeter, Persephone, Hades, Hermes

What it explains:
This myth explains why there are seasons. In the time of the Ancient Greeks, people didn't know about the real cause of the seasons so they used this myth to explain why it is cold in the fall and winter and warm in the spring and summer.
Athena and Arachne
The Story of Arachne

Gods or Goddesses Involved:
Athena, Zeus

Mortals Involved:

What it explains:
This myth explains the creation of spiders. It also teaches a lesson about being humble and not bragging about one's skills and talents.
What is a myth?
A myth is a kind of story.
Most myths have one or more of these characteristics:

1. Myths are usually about gods, goddesses, or supernatural beings with greater powers and abilities than ordinary humans.

2. Myths explain the origins of the world or how human customs came to be.

3. Myths take place in a time long, long ago, usually in the earliest days of humanity (or just before humans showed up on Earth).

4. Myths were usually thought to be true by their original tellers - no matter how wild or strange they seem to us.
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