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French Revolution timeline

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Carol Buckingham

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of French Revolution timeline

1789-1799 The French Revolution 1789 1799 calling of the Estates-General May 5, 1789 Tennis Court Oath June 20, 1789 storming of the Bastille July 14, 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen introduced August 26, 1789 royal family moved to Paris (from Versailles) October 6, 1789 new French Constitution instated May 3, 1791 royal family attempts to flee France June 20, 1791 Louis XVI guillotined January 21, 1793 creation of the Committee of Public Safety April 1973 REIGN OF TERROR 1793 - 1794 Robespierre and 21 others executed July 28, 1794 Directory rule 1795 - 1799 The Estates-General had not met since 1615, making the group seem obsolete due to inactivity and the absolute monarchy. At this point in time, tensions in each of the Estates are rising due to divisions, such as the division between the newer and older nobility and the upper and lower clergy. Also, everyone wants something different as the outcome from the meeting, and parts of the 1st and 2nd estates support the 3rd estate. The oath headed the revolutionary cause - many people nowadays agree that this is seen as the official beginning of the French Revolution of 1789. This is always the true point where all were seen to be serious about wanting new constitutional rights. This set the precedent for all future movements that the National Assembly put forth - they will most likely require violence. The event shook the foundations of the monarchy as the prison was a symbol of royal power and authority. It also prompted similar actions throughout France. The document became the creed of the revolution, however it was written as the preamble to the Constitution of 1791. Its publishing was meant to bring hope to the French people. It was then twisted to justify the killings during the Reign of Terror. The family could be watched more easily in Paris - but they could also become a greater target for those wishing the end of the monarchy completely. They would also have experienced the food shortages happening all over France, which would have soothed over a few people who hated the king. His death symbolized the end of any absolute monarchy in France and it was also a message to the rest of Europe of what would happen to them if they were to interfere with the Revolution. He was killed because of his opinion of the Revolution. If he had changed his mind a bit he could have saved his life and that of his family. When the family left, Louis left behind a letter to the leaders of the Revolution expressing his opinion of the Revolution and what they had done to the monarchy. For this he was set to be killed because they were able to catch him before he left the country into Austria. The revolutionaries had their final wish now - a constitution for all of France that help no special provisions for the clergy or nobility. At this point, if nothing else had happened, France could have returned to a form of normalcy. This group was assigned the protection of the newly established republic against foreign attacks and internal rebellion. They were given broad supervisory powers over the military, judicial, and legislative efforts. As part of the Terror, they were responsible for interpreting and applying the decrees of the National Convention. This caused people to believe that they must cease all rebellion against the Revolution or die. This was fairly true, however many were killed for impertinent reasons. The Committee of Public Safety ruled by fear and were still implementing radical change on France and its expanse during this time. This signaled the end of the Reign of Terror, and it's a little ironic that the men were executed by guillotine as well. Now the people of France can implement their own cange under the government without fear of death, which was the only charge for crimes committed in the Reign of Terror. This rule was in a parliament style: the men were voted in or chosen to 'direct'. The Directory was a group of people talk over decisions for France's future over in their grouping with the two parliaments listening on.
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