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Sir Douglas Mawson
Transcript of Sir Douglas Mawson
By Darren Sarmiento,
Facts about Douglas Mawson
Sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer and academic. He was one of the most important expedition leaders during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
Mawson was born on the 5th of May 1882 at Shipley, West Yorkshire, England.
Mawson was the second born son of Robert Ellis Mawson, a cloth merchant, and Margaret Ann Moore. His older brother was named William.
Sir Douglas Mawson
Mawson married Francisca Adriana (Paquita) Delprat on the 31st of March 1914 at the Holy Trinity Church of England. They had two daughters, named Patricia and Jessica.
Mawson died on the 14th of October 1958 at his home at Brighton, South Australia due to cerebral hemorrhage. He was 76 at the time of his death.
In 1884, when Mawson was 2 years old, his family emigrated to Australia and they lived at Rooty Hill in the western suburbs of Sydney.
Mawson had many occupations throughout his life. Some of which include being a geologist, an Antarctic explorer, an academic, a farmer, a company director and a conservationist.
He was first appointed geologist to an expedition to the New Hebrides in 1903.
He became a lecturer in petrology and mineralogy at the University of Adelaide in 1905.
Mawson was educated at Fort Street Model school in Sydney. He then studied mining and engineering at the University of Sydney where he graduated with a Bachelor of Engineering degree in 1902.
Sir Douglas and wife Paquita with Baby Patricia
Travel and Exploration Achievements
*In the British Antarctic
Expedition, he was a member of the group which was the first to ascend Mount Erebus.
*Ascending Mount Erebus
**Mawson was part of the first team to reach the South Magnetic Pole.
**Douglas Mawson, Edgeworth David, and Alistair Mackay at the South Magnetic Pole
Mawson's expedition was the first to use radio communications which enabled them to make meteorological reports.
Mawson led the Australasian Antarctic Expedition.
Mawson was appointed geologist to an expedition to the New Hebrides and his report was one of the first major geological works of Melanesia.
Some of Mawson's achievements are the following:
Specific Details About Mawson's Exploration of Antarctica
Parents of Mawson
The British Antarctic
1907 - 1909
The expedition was led by Sir Ernest Shackleton who started planning for the trip in March, 1907.
Its aim was to be the first to make a successful journey to the South Pole.
Mawson was appointed as a physicist in the expedition.
Some Photos of The Nimrod Expedition
The Nimrod Crew
The Australasian Antarctic Expedition
1911 - 1914
Other Photos of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition
On January 1, 1908, Nimrod sailed for the Antarctic from Lyttelton Harbour in New Zealand. It arrived at McMurdo Sound in Antarctica on the 29th of January 1908.
They established their base at Cape Royds. The group experienced difficult conditions but they still managed to keep their focus.
Their journey to the South Pole began on the 19th of October 1908.
The group failed to reach the South Pole but Shackleton and three companions reached as far as about 180 kilometers from the Pole.
Mawson stayed behind for an extra year and was part of those who completed the longest Antarctic manhauling sledge journey.
Mawson, together with Alistair Mackay and Edgeworth David were the first to climb the top of Mount Erebus and to trek to the South Magnetic Pole.
They coped with hunger, frostbite and exhaustion. They were given a heroes' welcome on their return.
Part of the Australasian Antarctic Crew
This was the first expedition led by Sir Douglas Mawson. Its aim was to chart the coastline of Antarctica to the south of Australia.
The expedition, using the ship SY
left Hobart, Tasmania on the 2nd of December 1911. It arrived on Cape Denison, where they established their main base, on the 8th of January 1912. They set up a second base at Queen Mary Land.
followed the Aurora bringing supplies, 17 expeditioners, 50 sheep and a load of coal.
Mawson was station leader at main base and the second base was led by Frank Wild.
Mawson, together with Ninnis and Mertz left main base on November, 1912 for their Far Eastern Journey to collect the data and specimens that they would need.
However, it ended in tragedy as two men died and Mawson was the only person who was able to return to main base on February, 1913.
The Far Eastern Journey
In the end, the expedition successfully investigated the ocean between Australia and Antarctica.
The expedition was also known for having achieved the first discovery of a meteorite.
They also made a lot of scientific discoveries on the expedition. They were able to describe biological species on land and sea that man has never come across before.
Mawson and company in high spirits
Thank you for watching my presentation!
Hope you enjoyed it.
no polar bears in Antarctica!!!
Cormic, C 2011,
In Bed With Douglas Mawson,
New Holland Publishers (Australia) Pty Ltd, Chatswood, NSW.
Fitzsimons, P 2011,
MAWSON and the Ice Men of the Heroic Age,
Random House Australia Pty Ltd, North Sydney, NSW.
Parer, D & Parer-Cook, E 1983,
Douglas Mawson, THE SURVIVOR
, Alella Books, Morwell, Victoria.
Jacka, F, “Mawson, Sir Douglas (1882-1958)” http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/mawson-sir-douglas-7531
(collected on 7/5/14)
"Douglas Mawson 1882-1958" http://www.south-pole.com/p000099.htm
(collected on 5/5/14)
“Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958)” http://www.antarctica.gov.au/about-antarctica/history/people/douglas-mawson
(collected on 4/5/14)
“Australasian Antarctic Expedition” http://www.antarctica.gov.au/about-antarctica/antarctic-images/parliament-house-exhibitions/antarctica-2008-exhibition/australasian-antarctic-expedition
(collected on 4/5/14)
“Nimrod Expedition (1907-09)” http://ehshackleton.weebly.com/nimrod-expedition.html
(collected on 4/5/14)
other relevant facts and pictures
Sir Douglas Mawson was Knighted on the 29th of June 1914 for his Antarctic work.
Douglas Mawson dressed to receive his Knighthood
Many geographical places have been named after Mawson, such as Mawson Coast and the Australian Antarctic Division's Mawson station. They were in recognition of his Antarctic explorations.
Australia Post released stamps to celebrate the hundreth year of the Australian Antarctic Expedition.
Mawson wrote a two-volume book entitled
The Home of the Blizzard.
The books were about his experiences in Antarctica.
Mawson's image appeared on the Australian $100 note from 1984 to 1996.
Mawson received many awards for his achievements. They include two Italian decorations, the Royal Geographical Society's Antarctic medals and the Clarke medals of the Royal Societies of South Australia and New South Wales.
Sir Douglas Mawson has made many significant contributions to Antarctic exploration. Since his death in 1958, his achievements are still widely recognised around the world.