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Copy of Zora Neale Hurston Timeline
Transcript of Copy of Zora Neale Hurston Timeline
1933 - 34
* Hurston travels to Harlem and begins field work for Boas on black life.
* She and Langston Hughes also launch the short-lived but influential black literary journal Fire!!
* She later publishes "The Eatonville Anthology" in the Messenger.
America’s Best History Site. 2008. Web. 13 July 2013.
Dutton, Wendy. “The Problem of Invisibility: Voodoo and Zora Neale Hurston.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women’s Studies 13.2 (1993): 131. JSTOR. Web. 12 July 2013.
Hemenway, Robert. Zora Neale Hurston: A Literary Biography. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.
Kaplan, Carla, editor. Zora Neale Hurston: A Life in Letters. New York: Doubleday, 2002.
Taylor, Quintard. "African American History Timeline: 1901-2000." Black Past. University of Washington, Seattle. n.d. Web. 12 July. 2013.
Wall, Cheryl A. “Zora Neale Hurston’s Essays: On Art and Such.” The Scholar & Feminist Online 3.2 (2005): 1-6. Web. 3 July 2013.
1930 - 32
Life of Zora
w/ the addition of historical events
Zora Neale Hurston
is born in Notasulga, Alabama. She is the fifth of eight children.
The Hurston family moves to Eatonville, an incorporated, self-governed, all-black town north of Orlando, Florida.
Hurston moves to Baltimore, Maryland and works as a waitress. In order to qualify for a free high school education, 26-year-old Hurston lies about her age, claiming her birth year as 1901. She maintains the falsehood until her death.
She then enrolls at Morgan Academy and earns money as a maid for a white trustee.
World War I is ongoing and the U.S. enters
NAACP protest; Thousands of African-Americans marched down Manhattan's Fifth Avenue protesting lynching, race riots, and the denial of rights
The New Negro by Alain Locke is published in New York City.
Hurston submits the short story "Spunk" and the play “Color Struck” to a literary contest sponsored by Opportunity and wins second place for both. At the award ceremony, Hurston meets Langston Hughes and Countee Cullee white authors Carl Van Vechten, Fannie Hurst, and Annie Nathan Meyer.
She receives a scholarship and transfers to Barnard College, studying anthropology with the scholar Franz Boas.
Hurston Graduates from Morgan Academy
She then works as a waitress in a nightclub and a manicurist in a black-owned barbershop that
only serves whites.
She attends Howard Prep School, Washington, D.C.
World War I Ends
Hurston is attending Howard University; receives an associate degree, majoring in English.
Prohibition Begins in the U.S.
Women Granted the Right to Vote in U.S.
Harlem Renaissance Begins; a remarkable period of creativity for black writers, poets, and artists.
Hurston publishes her first story, "John Redding Goes to Sea”, published in Stylus, the campus literary society's magazine.
The following year William Leo Hansberry of Howard University teaches the first course in African history and civilization at an American university.
1927 - 28
* Hurston goes to Florida to collect folklore and research Black communities.
* Later she publishes an account of the black settlement at
St. Augustine, Florida, in the Journal of Negro History; also in this issue: "Cudjo's Own Story of the Last African Slaver."
* The following year receives her B.A. from Barnard College.
* Hurston publishes essay "How It Feels to Be Colored Me".
* Hurston moves to New Orleans to do research on hoodoo and conjure.
* In Miami she works on folklore material, which she entitles Negro Folk–Tales from the Gulf States, and scripts for the theater.
* Toward the end of the years she travels to the Bahamas for anthropology research. Lives through a devastating Caribbean hurricane.
* Beginning of Great Depression
* She and Langston Hughes work on a play entitled Mule Bone. They disagree over authorship of the play and by 1931, their friendship ends.
* She publishes "Hoodoo in America" in the Journal of American Folklore.
* She breaks with Langston Hughes over the authorship of Mule Bone.
* The Great Day, a musical written and choreographed by Hurston, premieres on Broadway.
* Prohibition Ends in the U.S.
* Hurston publishes "The Gilded Six-Bits" in Story.
* Hurston's first novel, Jonah's Gourd Vine, is published. Her essays and short stories appear frequently in literary journals.
* W.E.B. Du Bois resigns from the NAACP in a dispute over the strategy of the organization in its campaign against racial discrimination.
Add to Hurston Timeline
1935 - 37
- Hurston publishes a collection of black folklore entitled Mules and Men.
- Hurston is awarded a Guggenheim fellowship to study Obeah, the practice of sorcery in the West Indies. From April to September she conducts research in Jamaica.
- With an extended Guggenheim she goes to Haiti where she writes "Their Eyes Were Watching God" in 7 weeks, then publishes it back in the U.S. in September 1937.
- Katherine Dunham forms the Negro Dance Group, a company of black artists dedicated to presenting aspects of African American and African-Caribbean Dance.
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1938 - 40
- Hurston writes and publishes "Tell My Horse", an account of West Indian Obeah practices based on her research.
- Her novel Moses, Man of the Mountain is published.
* World War II Begins
* Richard Wright publishes his first novel, Native Son.
March 1943 – 45
* Race riots in Detroit and Harlem cause forty deaths and seven hundred injuries.
- Hurston publishes "My Most Humiliating Jim Crow Experience" in the Negro Digest.
- The following year she publishes "Crazy for This Democracy" in the Negro Digest.
1954 – 55
• The Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education declares segregation in all public schools in the United States unconstitutional, nullifying the earlier judicial doctrine of separate but equal.
-- Hurston's letter criticizing Brown vs. Board of Education is published in The Orlando Sentinel.
• U.S. Supreme Court orders immediate desegregation of schools
1957 - 1959
-- Hurston writes a column on "Hoodoo and Black Magic" for the Fort Pierce Chronicle.
-- Two years later she suffers a series of strokes and is forced to move into the St. Lucie County Welfare Home
Jan 28, 1960
-- Zora Neale Hurston dies in Welfare Home of hypertensive heart disease. Her friends and neighbors donate money for her funeral. She is buried in an unmarked grave.
• The National Black Feminist Organization is established by Eleanor Holmes Norton.
• Intrigued by Hurston's life story, the writer Alice Walker locates the site of her grave and purchases a headstone for it. The inscription reads:
"Zora Neale Hurston: A Genius of the South."