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Imperialism- Hong Kong
Transcript of Imperialism- Hong Kong
Hong Kong China and Britain fought in the First Opium Wars during 1839-1842.
This war was started because the Europeans wanted tea from China while China wanted silver.
The Europeans didn't have a lot of silver so instead they gave China opium. The government of China didn't approve of the spread of this narcotic in China
Thus began the First Opium War. Colonization Living Under British Rule English became widely spoken through out Hong Kong.
Many churches and schools were built by Christian missionaries.
British traders as well as other European traders were attracted to the colony because it was easy to establish a business on the island.
Chinese labourers from the mainland were also attracted to the island to work for the companies.
The economy was greatly increased because Britain made Hong Kong a trading port. British Impact
Indigenous People The two indigenous cultures that inhabited Hong Kong were the Punti and Hakka.
These cultures became a minority due to the numerous immigrants that flooded into Hong Kong.
Many of the indigenous people had to abandon their jobs in agriculture for jobs such as labourers, drivers, and teachers.
The main language became Cantonese due to the numerous immigrants from China as well as laws which forbid Hakka children from learning the Hakka dialect Lasting Effects of Imperialism Today, Hong Kong is still a major business center.
Although Hong Kong was returned to China in 1997, there are still many influences from Britain remaining.
The official languages of Hong Kong are English and Cantonese
When China regained control over Hong Kong the "One Country, Two Systems" policy was applied.
This means that Hong Kong will not be subjected to change anything in their social, economic or legal system for at least 50 years. Britain Takes Over In an effort to end the war, China handed over Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking in 1841 European countries began to explore the world for land and trade goods such as silks and spices.
Many countries began to be taken over by European countries such as Britain, France and Spain. These European nations were looking to gain power for their country and acquire land and resources. Britain Continues to Take Over The British became worried about the security of their free port at Hong Kong during the second half of the 19th century.
It was an isolated island, surrounded by land that was still controlled by China.
During the Second Opium War, Britain gained a lease over these surrounding lands.
In 1898, during the war, China leased Hong Kong and the surrounding areas to Britain for 99 years "History of Hong Kong." Study Hong Kong . Hong Kong Higher Education, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2013. <http://studyinhongkong.edu.hk/eng/05history.jsp>.
Leung, Winnie K.L. . " qualitative study in the ethnic identification processes of HAKKA people in Hong Kong: The role of family socialization among generations of HAKKA." Discovery – SS Student E - Journal Vol. 1, 2012, 140 - 153. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2013. <ssweb.cityu.edu.hk/download/RS/E-Journal/journal7.pdfhttp://>.
Patten, Chris. "British Empire: The Map Room: Asia: Hong Kong." The British Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2013. <http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/hongkong.htm>.
"Hong Kong’s Journey into and out of British Colonialism | China Expat - Chinese Cultural Observations From The Western Perspective." China Expat - Chinese Cultural Observations From The Western Perspective. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://www.chinaexpat.com/2007/07/03/hong-kongs-journey-into-and-out-of-british-colonialism.html/>.
Bell, Jonathan. "Imperialism In Hong Kong - HOng kong imperialism." HOng kong imperialism - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://hongkonglovessosa.weebly.com/imperialism-in-hong-kong.html>. Sources