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Roxanna Gallardo

on 1 December 2013

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Here’s my argument for government
intervention, it worked before - governments,
national, state and local get more for their
dollars than small churches and food banks,
and can better stabilize the hunger epidemic
over the long run than one meal here and

There is evidence of better health, less expense,
we should be paying it forward instead of
picking through the damage and pain and disrespect
after the fact.

Feeding America – see the CHILD FOOD

Give more dignity


I Challenge Action

Emergency Food Assistance
Nearly 14 million children are estimated to be served by Feeding America, over 3 million of which
are ages 5 and under.[vi]

Proper nutrition is vital to the growth and development of children. 62 percent of client households
with children under the age of 18 reported participating in the National School Lunch Program, but
only 14 percent reported having a child participate in a summer feeding program that provides free
food when school is out.[vii]

54 percent of client households with children under the age of 3 participated in the Special
Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).[viii]

32 percent of pantries, 42 percent of kitchens, and 18 percent of shelters in the Feeding America
network reported "many more children in the summer" being served by their programs.[ix]
In 2012, 16.1 million or approximately 22 percent of children in the U.S. lived in poverty.[x]



Health Concerns

Studies have found that food insecurity has been associated with
health problems for children that may hinder their ability to
function normally and participate fully in school and other

Children who are food insecure are more likely to require

Children who are food insecure may be at higher risk for chronic
health conditions,[vi] such as anemia,[vii],[viii] and asthma.

Children who are food insecure may have more frequent
instances of oral health problems.[ix]

Food insecurity among young children is associated with poorer
physical quality of life,[x] which may prevent them from fully engaging in daily
activities such as school and social interaction with peers.
Behavioral Challenges

Children who experience food insecurity may be at higher risk for behavioral
issues and social difficulties.

Food insecure children may be at greater risk of truancy and school tardiness.[xi]

When they are in school, children who are food insecure may experiences
increases in an array of behavior problems including: fighting,[xii] hyperactivity,
aggression,[xiii] anxiety,[xiv] mood swings, and bullying.[xv] 

Child Development

The potential consequences of food insecurity for children

Good nutrition, particularly in the first three years of life, is
important in establishing a good foundation that has implications
for a child’s future physical and mental health, academic
achievement, and economic productivity. Unfortunately, food
insecurity is an obstacle that threatens that critical foundation.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture
(USDA), 16.7 million children under 18 in the United States live in
households where they are unable to consistently access enough nutritious food
necessary for a healthy life.  Although food insecurity is harmful to any
individual, it can be particularly devastating among children due to their
increased vulnerability and the potential for long-term consequences. 

Infancy & Development

Children growing up in food-insecure families are vulnerable to poor health and
stunted development from the earliest stages of life.[i]

Pregnant women who experience food insecurity are more likely to experience
birth complications than women who are food secure.[ii] 

Inadequate access to food during pregnancy has been shown to increase the risk
for low birth weight in babies.[iii] 

Food insecurity has also been linked with delayed development, poorer
ttachment, and learning difficulties in the first two years of life.[iv]

Child Development


Food Insecurity

15.9 million children lived in food insecure households in 2012

20% or more of the child population in 37 states and D.C. lived in food
insecure households in 2011, according to the most recent data available. New
Mexico (30.6%) and the District of Columbia (30.0%) had the highest rates of
children in households without consistent access to food.

In 2011, the top five states with the highest rate of food insecure children under 18 are New
Mexico, the District of Columbia, Arizona, Oregon, and Georgia

In 2011, the top five states with the lowest rate of food insecure children under 18 are North
Dakota, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Virginia, and Minnesota.





The Recipe

1 cup of compassion FOR THE FOOD INSECURE CHILDREN (Strain out the judgment)
1 cup of acceptance (THAT IT IS SO)
1 cup of belief in humanity (BELIEVE YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE)
1 cup of devotion to care and concern (BE DILIGENT IN YOUR SUPPORT)

Boil this all together to reduce the embarrassment. Steam off the stigma of hunger. Give it a
stir with a pinch of kindness and add in some more compassion.

ADD 1 cup of being judicious in avoiding harm or danger (DON’T LET THE GOVERNMENT
FUNDING BE CUT) Exercise caution when stirring up reasons not to be a part of the

Bake it long enough in your heart and mind SO THAT IT IS COMPLETE COMMITTMENT,
and what you have is caring, concern for your fellow man, woman and child.

Serve it up with managing and maintaining your concern (AND DOING ALL YOU CAN)
Your final product is a child that is no longer hungry or scared or lonely.

ACKNOWLEDGE - Not our business to know why a
family is impoverished - no judgment is necessary –
just that they are and there are millions more just like
each family, each child.
LISTEN - to the stories about people.

GIVE - Many of you will be graduating and have
control of wages for employees. I would urge you,
actually I would vehemently encourage you to always
keep in mind that a healthy wage makes happier
workers, healthier workers which equates to a better
profit margin for your company, better human
relations and a brighter and optimistic impact on your
community and society as a whole. I challenge you to
give or support paying healthy wages.
REMEMBER - Freedom of privacy - it is not our
business to know why a particular person is in poverty
or hungry, we have no right to judge since it is every
American’s right to privacy about their circumstances
in life. We have no need to personally know why.
UNDERSTAND - As student’s we know that this
scarcity will only be for a short time. However, there
are children who do not know this. Their experience is
not over in a day, and it is scary and makes them
lonely, and undeserving.


I challenge you.

“Food insecurity describes a person’s worry and fear
about not having enough food or having access to
nutritious and safe food. For children, food insecurity
can be a big problem. Even in industrialized countries
like Canada, many children do not have access to
adequate food sources. This can cause them to
experience physical problems such as illnesses. Also,
children who have food insecurities may not be able to
perform at their best in academic settings. Together,
these deficiencies can lead to psychological problems
in children as well.”

Melchior, M., Chastang, J‑F., Falissard, B., Galéra, C.,
Tremblay, R.E., et al. (2012). Food Insecurity and
Children’s Mental Health: A Prospective Birth Cohort
Study. PLoS ONE 7(12): e52615.

Eatin' Good? Not in This Neighborhood—A Legal Analysis of Disparities
in Food Availability and Quality at Chain Supermarkets in
Poverty‑Stricken Areas.
Many Americans‑especially the poor‑face severe hurdles in their
attempts to secure the most basic of human needs food. One reason for
this struggle is the tendency of chain supermarkets to provide a limited
selection of goods and a lower quality of goods to patrons in less affluent
neighborhoods. Healthier items such as soy milks, fresh fish, and lean
meats are not present in these stores, and the produce that is present is
typically well past the peak of freshness.
Yet, if the same patron were to go to another supermarket owned by the
same chain‑but located in a wealthier neighborhood‑she would find a
wide selection of healthy foods and fresh produce. What are the poor
people who live in the inner cities‑‑‑who are disproportionately African
American and Latino—today. How can they obtain healthy food against
these odds? This Article argues that the actions of the supermarkets are
unconscionable, and therefore proposes a federal law that will prevent
chain grocery stores from engaging In such practices. The Article first
examines the scope of the problem created by these supermarket
practices. The Article then explains why current laws are inadequate to
address this issue.  

Finally, the Article proposes that Congress use its authority under the
Commerce Clause to enact legislation that would require supermarket
chains to carry the same selection and quality of goods at all stores in
same chain.
Smith, N. Eatin' Good? Not in This Neighborhood—A Legal Analysis of
Disparities in Food Availability and Quality at Chain Supermarkets in
Poverty‑Stricken Areas. Michigan Journal Of Race & Law [serial online].
April 15, 2009;14(2):197‑253. Accessed November 22, 2013.


Physical and Mental Health

Insufficient nutrition puts children at risk for illness
and weakens their immune system. The immature
immune systems of young children, ages 0 – 5, make
them especially vulnerable to nutritional deprivation
and as a result, the ability to learn, grow, and fight
infections is adversely affected.


Children from food insecure households are likely to
be behind in their academic development compared to
other children which ultimately makes it difficult for
them to reach the same level of development as their
fellow food secure peers.

Research conducted by Frongillo, Jyoti, and Jones 2005
found that food insecurity impairs academic
development of young school-age children. This study
revealed that the reading and mathematical skills of
food insecure children entering kindergarten
developed significantly more slowly than other

Hunger In Your Community
All real people. All struggling to
get enough to eat.

Hunger exists everywhere in America. It
does not matter if you live in a urban,
suburban or rural setting - hunger has no

Read the stories and learn more about
how hunger affects every community
and together, we can become aware that
hunger in fact does exist in the richest
country in the world.

Hunger – Children







Food Insecurity

One in 6

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