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Feminist Movements and Ideologies

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Rachel Mason

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Feminist Movements and Ideologies

Suffrage Movement- In 1840, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were denied seats at the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London due to their gender.
Stanton and Mott decided to gather other socially forward thinkers to discuss female rights, thereby creating the first women's rights convention called the Seneca Falls Convention.
At this convention, The Declaration of Sentiments was born which outlined the need for equality among men and women, and also looked at a women's right to vote.
This event spurred on the suffrage movement and gave life to the idea of female equality. Feminist Movements Women Take Action the right for women to vote and to run for office Women's Liberation Movement After World War II, many women pursued higher education and entered the workforce, but discrimination against women was still prevalent.
Woman wanted to positively influence the fundamental aspects of female life at the time, which were home life, employment, education and sexuality.
This caused the creation of The Women's Liberation Movement of the late 1960s and 1970s.
From this, the National Organization for Women (NOW) was formed, which consisted of older, educated women.
Another prominent second wave feminist, Gloria Steinem, pushed for access to the Pill, abortion, equal employment opportunities, the reduction of violence against women and many more causes. At the same time, an organization composed of radical feminists were being formed.
These feminist groups were inspired to take action by the Civil Rights and anti-Vietnam War movements.
One of the most known radical feminist groups was the Redstockings.
The Redstockings took a more combative, aggressive and public approach to their demonstrations than the NOW.
One of the group's early protests was an abortion speak-out in New York. Redstockings members were disgusted by a government hearing on abortion in which there were at least a dozen male speakers and the only woman who spoke was a nun. To protest this hearing, Redstocking members held their own hearing in which women spoke about their personal experiences with abortion. Second-wave feminism leader Gloria Steinem Miss America Protest In 1968, approximately 400 women from the New York Radical Women group protested the Miss America Pageant.
They gathered on the Atlantic City boardwalk and crowned a live sheep as Miss America.
Furthermore, the protesters destroyed feminine beauty products such as false eyelashes, high-heeled shoes, curlers, hairspray, makeup, girdles, corsets, and bras. TREATMENT OF WOMEN Early 1800s Women were completely controlled by men, some have even claimed that women were treated as slaves.
A woman's goal in life was to find a husband, dedicate their life to pleasing him, and be a housewife while raising their children.
Women were unable to pursue education, and were not able to work many respectable jobs; the work force was male dominated.
Women were also unable to vote, and were viewed as second class citizens compared to men.
Women were unable to express their opinions, and were expected to stay at home; they were not seen as valuable to the work force. Why did things change? The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution created the demand for a larger workforce, giving women the opportunity to work outside of the home.
Through working, women were able to enjoy their new found independence and freedom.
These new independent women became more interested in politics and served as important members in the workforce; something they had never been seen as before.
Gave women a craving for freedom, leading to the First Wave of the Feminist Movement. In conclusion, the feminist movement was the first time a group of women worked together to achieve a similar cause. By expressing feminist views about female equality, society slowly began to embrace women and their rights as people. Without the hard work of feminists, women would not have the freedom to gain a higher education or work as anything other than a housewife. Therefore, 21st century women should be proud to be considered a person, and should be thankful that they have the ability to live their life the way they want, because of the work of many dedicated feminists. The Persons Case Between 1822 and 1878 people stopped referring to both sexes expressly. For example, the term "he" was seen as sufficient to include both women and men.
From 1850 on, the word "person" became synonymous with men. This caused Canadian women had to take action so that they could be considered "persons."
A group of five women, now referred to as the Famous 5 succeeded in having women defined as "persons" in Section 24 of the British North America Act, which also allowed women to become members of the Senate.
“I myself have never been able to find out precisely what feminism is: I only know that people call me a feminist whenever I express sentiments that differentiate me from a doormat.”
- Rebecca West The feminist movement (also known as the Women's Movement or Women's Liberation) is a series of campaigns that urge for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women’s suffrage, and sexual harassment.

First Wave Feminism: occurred in the 19th -20th centuries. During this time, women fought for the right to vote, to own property, to earn fair wages, and to gain higher education. Women wanted to be accepted by society and to be recognized as persons.

Second Wave Feminism: occurred in the 1960’s-1970’s. Women fought for sexual freedom, abortion rights, the ability to develop a career.

Third Wave Feminism: began in the mid 1990’s and is still present in today's society. Women and men have become equals and gender is no longer a controlling aspect of life. WHAT IS THE FEMINIST MOVEMENT? First Wave Feminism Second Wave Feminism Conclusion Due to the work of many dedicated feminist groups, The 19th Amendment to the Constitution was drafted, which granted women the right to vote.
The Food and Drug Administration approved the use of birth control pills.
Women have become to be seen as equals to men, and are viewed as important and essential members of society.
Women now have the same opportunities as men in the workplace.
Strict laws are now in place that protect the rights of women and prohibit the use of violence against a women. What Women Have Accomplished
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